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McGoughs and McGaughs
in Early American History

There are three McGoughs from Ireland who came to America before 1800 and who are the progenitors of a large number of the McGoughs now in the United States: Miles McGough, who came to Baltimore county (later Harford county), Maryland, before 1770; Robert McGough, who came to Mecklenburg (near Charlotte), North Carolina, in 1773; and Arthur McGough, who came to New Castle county, Delaware, in 1786. The families of Miles McGough and Arthur McGough lived near each other in Cambria, county, Pennsylvania, after 1803, and these two families are sometimes confused. The stories of these families are told in separate pages of this website:

McGoughs in Pre-Revolutionary America: Miles and Elizabeth Spencer McGough

McGoughs in Pre-Revolutionary America: Robert and Sarah Matilda Carson McGough

McGoughs in America before 1790: Arthur and Susan McGough

Other McGoughs (and McGaughs) came to America in the 1700s, and I discuss the few tracks I have found of theirs in this page.

A namesake of mine—but not a close relative—was a private, then a sergeant, in Captain John Marshall's Pennsylvania Rifle Company during the Revolutionary War. I believe that this Hugh McGough was from the Deer Creek Upper Hundred in Harford county, Maryland, and that he may have been the oldest son of Miles and Elizabeth Spencer McGough. This is far from certain, however, and requires more research. See my page:

Hugh McGough, Soldier in the American Revolution

James McGough was an enlisted man in the Revolutionary War in the Militia of Duchess County, New York, Associated Exempts. He is listed in NY in the Revolution as Colony & State, volume I, The Militia: Duchess County (Albany, N.Y., author unknown, 1904, 902 pages) at page 153. He is also listed in a database on called New York Military in the Revolution.

Martin McGaugh is listed as a private on the muster roll of Captain Jacob Ashmead's company in the Second Pennsylvania Regiment (of the Continental Line), commanded by Colonel Walter Stewart, in the service of the United States for the month of July, 1778 (Pennsylvania in the War of the Revolution : battalions and line, 1775–1783, volume 1, Continental Line, Second Pennsylvania, pages 408 and 409). "Martin MGaugh" is number 14 of the privates on the July, 1778, payroll. He was paid £2.10 for the month of July. The page of the payroll is available on the Internet through—roll 80 of U.S. Revolutionary War Rolls, 1775–1783 > Pennsylvania, 2nd Regiment, image #574. The heading of the document is: "Pay Roll of Captain Jacob Ashmeads Company in the Service of the United States Commanded by Col. Walter Stewart for the month of July 1778." There are 44 privates on the pay roll, plus 8 unnumbered persons of higher rank.

An Alexander McGough is reported to have come to the United States from Ireland aboard the Paoli in 1736. Robert E. Parrott in his book: Pisgah's Earth: The Story of Mary McGough Armstrong (1793–1885) and her Family (1992), has this to say at page 2:

"According to research done in the 1930s, relatives of the young couple* (among them, one 'Alexander McGough') came with other Ulster folk to Pennsylvania (present day Chester County, near the Delaware-Maryland boundary line) as passengers on the ship Paoli in the spring of 1736, sailing from Belfast. Among other fellow passengers on that voyage were families with names which were to figure in Mary Armstong's history generations later—Kennedy, Jack, Stephens, Woods, Obserson, Russell, Lapsley, McGee and McAfee.* These early McGoughs of the Paoli crowd became part of a hardy migration which moved from Pennsylvania to neighboring Delaware and southwest into Virginia and North Carolina—or directly from Pennsylvania to Virginia and into Kentucky."

*The "young couple" referred to by Parrott is Robert and Matilda McGough. For authority, Parrott footnotes History of the Kennedy-Callen-Armstrong Families, by Mae Armstrong Davis, an unpublished manuscript written around 1939. For more on this subject, see my page: McGoughs in Pre-Revolutionary America: Robert and Sarah Matilda Carson McGough.

Here is a part of a posting by Lucy Grisham on GenForum on April 11, 2004: "Kennedys of New Castle Del./Province of Penn—Does anyone tie into the Kennedys who came to America in 1736 on ship 'Paoli' to New Castle Delaware and from there to Province of Penn which territory covered all of New Jersey and was known as Sussex? I am particularly looking for lineage of Jonathan Kennedy who was Associate Justice, Northhampton County who had at least three sons, Hugh, John and Robert. The passenger list of this 'Paoli' includes families: McGee, Hamilton, Penn, Jack, McGough, Woods, Stephens, McAfee, Lapsley, Oberon, and Russell to name a few. The McAfees and McGoughs are some of my other lines as well as the Hamiltons. Others intermarried into the Kennedy family and the Armstrong family who are said to have come over at the same time."]

Another pioneer family was that of William and Ruth McGaugh. William McGaugh was born in Ireland about 1726 and came from Ireland to Frederick, Virginia, before 1756. He was in Augusta county, Virginia, before 1766. He served in the Virginia Regiment, which, after 1755, was commanded by Colonel George Washington. Here is an entry from Virginia Colonial Soldiers, French and Indian War, 1754–1763, page 105, from Virginia Colonial Records on The entry is from the "Size Roll of Col. George Washington, 28 August 1757." The roll gives the name of the enlistee, date and place of enlistment, age, height, trade, country, and a description of the soldier:

"William McGaugh, Aug. 1756, 30, 5' 7", Frederick, planter, Ireland, dark complexion, brown and straight hair."

A son, John McGaugh, was born to William McGaugh and Ruth Hill in Staunton, Augusta, Virginia, in 1766. In some records of Davidson county, Tennessee, John McGaugh's name is spelled McGough. McGaugh is the accepted way of spelling the name of this family, however. Although the McGaughs are generally outside the scope of this website, I have included on this page much of the material I unearthed in satisfying myself that this was not a McGough family. Another son of William McGaugh and Ruth Hill, Matthew McGaugh, was born in Augusta, Virginia, on January 11, 1774. Family Data Collection —Births on

There is also a record of a baptism of a William McGaugh in July of 1740 in Christ Church (Episcopal) in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The parents were William and Elizabeth McGaugh.

In these web pages, I generally treat McGoughs and McGaughs as separate families and cover only the McGoughs. McGoughs are sometimes referred to as McGaughs, and vice-versa, in some American records. On this page, I make an exception to my general approach and cover the pioneer family of William and Ruth Hill McGaugh. The surname of a son, John McGaugh, was sometimes recorded as McGough in records of Davidson county, Tennessee, in the 1780s.

Irish Ancestors lists McGaugh as a variant of McGough, and reports this frequency of names in Griffin's Valuation of 1848–1864: McGough, 181 (principally in counties Louth and Monaghan); McGeough, 70 (principally in counties Monaghan, Armagh and Tyrone): McGeogh, 59 (34 of which were in county Monaghan); McGoff, 14 (8 in county Mayo, 4 in county Galway); and McGaugh, 7 (3 in county Tyrone, 2 in county Antrim, 1 in Belfast city, and 1 in county Mayo). There were 12 McGaghs (4 in county Tyrone, 3 in county Antrim, 3 in county Mayo, and 2 in county Galway) and 5 McGahs (4 in county Mayo, 1 in county Antrim). McGaw is a separate name, but at least one American McGaugh family changed its name to McGaw. For a detailed break down of McGoughs in Griffin's Valuation and other Irish records, see my page: McGoughs, McGeoughs, and McGeoghs in Ireland in the 1820–30s and 1850–60s: By County, Parish, and Townland.

John McGeogh emigrated from county Derry, Ireland, to America in 1742. See Emigrants from Ireland to America: 1735–1743. A transcription of the Report of the Irish House of Commons into Enforced Emigration to America. Genealogical Publishing Company, Baltimore (1991). The book shows that on March 10, 1742, in the Assizes of the City and County of Londonderry, John McGeogh was found to be a vagabond, and "ordered for transportation." John McGeogh, vagabond, was transported from Londonderry City to North America sometime between the end of 1736 and December 12, 1743. See: Transportation (Exile) Of Irish and Scotch-Irish To North America, 12 Dec 1743, Irish House of Parliament, Dublin, Ireland, "A list of convict felons and vagabonds who have been ordered for transportation for these seven years." Look under "Londonderry city."

John Megough is listed on the Schenectady, New York, District Tax List, 1779, page 39 (on, with personal property of $60 and a tax owed of 8 15 0.

John McGrough. The estate of John McGrough was distributed in Dorchester county, Maryland, on September 3, 1758. The amount in the estate was £63.13.2. Sureties were John Russell and James Palmer. The administrator (de bonis non) was James Phillips. (Maryland Prerogative Court Abstracts, 1755–1763, Libers 2 and 3, page 28).

Sarah McGough was listed in 1773 in Philadelphia in the Records of Indentures Individuals Bound Out as Apprentices, Servants, ... in the Office of the Mayor of Philadelphia, October 3, 1771, to October 5, 1773 (The Pennsylvania German Society Proceedings and Addresses, volume 16 (1905), Lancaster, Pennsylvania, reprinted by Genealogical Publishing Company, Baltimore, Maryland, 1973).

Here are a few other names in records of early American which may be a form of McGough:

Nicholas McGeaugh (McGaw) was enlisted in Baltimore county, Maryland, as a private in the Revolutionary Army by Lieutenant Smith on July 15, 1776. (Rolls & Other Records of Service, Flying Camp Papers, page 57. He enlisted in Baltimore county as a Private in Colonel Ewing's Battalion. His name was on the muster roll of July, 1776, but not of August, 1776. Records of Maryland Troops in the Continental Service during the War of the American Revolution,, 1775–1783, Muster Rolls & Other Records of Service, Flying Camp Papers, page 57, on See also Revolutionary Patriots of Baltimore Town and Baltimore County, Maryland, 1775–1783, by Henry C. Peden, Jr. (Family Line Publications, Silver Springs, Maryland, 1988) page 177 (available by subscription on Nicholas McGaw is listed as a non-commissioned officer of the Fifth Maryland Regiment from January 2, 1777, until his death on February 17, 1777. (Muster Rolls & Other Records of Service, "Musters of Maryland Troops," Volume III, page 285, on Nicholas McGaw is listed among the Known Military Dead During the American Revolutionary War (page 115 on as "Pvt 5 Md died 2-17-77"

Nicholas Gough or M'Gough. Here is a notice from the Pennsylvania Evening Post of Saturday, June 21, 1777: "Deserted from my company belonging to the Second Pennsylvania regiment of foot (late DeHaas's) now commanded by Major William Williams, the following men, viz: . . . Nicholas Gough or M'Gough. Ten dollars award for each. George Jenkins Capt. P. 2nd R. in Phila. bar." (Volume XXXI, Genealogical Gleanings from the Pennsylvania Evening Post: 1777, page 315, on

Stephen McGrough (the name sometimes appears as McGraw) was enlisted for three years in the German Regiment commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Weltner in Frederick county, Maryland, on April 24, 1778. He was with the regiment at the battle of White Plains on September 5, 1778. (Muster Rolls & Other Records of Service, Supplementary German Regiment Papers—Records of Maryland Troops in the Continental Service during the War of the American Revolution, 1775–1783, page 266; Frederick County, Maryland, Revolutionary Patriots Listings, page 246).

Robert McGew witnessed the will of Mary Webb in the Middlesex Hundred in Baltimore county, Maryland, on January 16, 1775. The will was admitted to probate on January 26, 1775. Her heir was Jacob Waring. Calendar of Wills, volume 16, 1774-1777, Calendar of Wills 1774-1777, page 57, on

There was a Robert Megay, age 48, listed in the 1776 census of Harford county, Maryland, Deer Creek Lower Hundred. In the same household were his wife Sarah, age 38, and children George, 17; John, 14; Robert, Jr., 12; William, 10; Hugh, 8; James, 6; and Alee., 4. Also in the same household were John Richards, 34; Mary Sheridine, 30; and Vionah Curry, 18. Robert Megay (McGaw?) is listed as an "Associator" on the list for Deer Creek Lower Hundred returned in 1776. (volume 25, number 3, Summer 1984, Men of '76, page 324, from the Maryland Genealogical Society Bulletin, Volume 1–38 on Robert Megay married Sarah Lester in Maryland on February 2, 1758. Maryland Marriages, 1634-1777, page 120 (1 BA-359). The marriage is also recorded in the St. George's Church register. (St. George's Parish Registers, 1689-1793, Parish Register, page 81, on The name "Robert Megay (McGaw?) is on the list of men from the Harford Lower Hundred in Harford county, Maryland, who signed the Article of Association in 1776. (volume 25, number 3, Summer 1984, Men of '76, page 324, on Robert McGaw was on the roster of September 98, 1775, of Captain Aquila Hall's Company No. 4 of the Maryland Militia in Harford county. He signed the oath of allegiance to Maryland in 1778. (Harford County, Maryland, Revolutionary Patriots Listings, page 150.)

William McGeah married Abigail Jenkins on July 25, 1740, in Christ Church in Philadelphia. (Marriage Records of Christ Church, Philadelphia, Pa., 1709–1806, Pennsylvania Archives, Second Series, Volume 8.) Hugh McGeah, a farmer, made a will in Kent county, Delaware, on August 17, 1768, and the will was probated on August 30, 1768. The executrix of his estate was his wife, Elizabeth. He was survived by sons Hugh and Michael and daughters Mary and Sarah, at least one of whom was a minor. Timothy Jenkins was a witness to the will. The guardian of the children was a friend, Samuel Hanson. (Calendar of Kent County , Delaware, Probate Records, compiled by Leon deValinger, Jr.)

Mary McGuee was baptized on December 22, 1793, in the Trinity Lutheran Church, New Holland, Lancaster, Pennsylvania. Her parents were Daniel and Catharina McGuee.

William McGew is listed in the 1800 census of Lycoming county, Pennsylvania, in Bald Eagle township (roll 41 page 575), in a household of five: 1 male and 1 female 16 to 26, and 1 male and 2 females under 10.

James Mago was in Baltimore county by 1692 as a taxable in Spesutia Hundred. (Baltimore County Families, 1659–1759, page 420, on

John Mackue. This name is more likely a form of McHugh, a name not related to McGough. Here, nonetheless, is a notice from the Virginia Gazette (Parks), Williamsburg, from August 10 to August 17, 1739:

"RAN away, the 8th of July last, from the Subscribers, living in Westmoreland County, Four Servant Men, viz. John Mackue, Francis Man, Daniel Fitzpatrick, and John Freelove. John Mackue is an Irishman, of a middle Stature, swarthy Complexion, his Hair is just cut off, and is a Blacksmith by Trade: He has on one of his Arms a Bleeding Heart, prick'd with Gunpowder, and a Name at Length, with several other Letters. He had on, when he went away, a blewish grey Coat and Breeches, a Dowlas Shirt, and an old Hat; he also took with him a Pair of long Trowsers, and an Oznabrig Shirt. ... The said Servants went away in a 16 Foot Boat, and had an old Sloop's Fore-sail for a Sail. Whoever will apprehend the said Servants, and bring or send them to the Subscribers, shall have the following Rewards, viz., for Francis Man, Ten Pounds Virginia Currency, if taken in North Carolina, and Twelve Pounds if he be taken in South-Carolina, and Five Pounds a Piece for Daniel Fitzpatrick, John Freelove, and John Mackue.

"William Aylett, John Bushrode."

From: Virginia Runaways: Runaway Slave advertisements from 18th-century Virginia newspapers (a long-long download).

For the many variations of spelling McGough, see my page: Spelling of McGough.

William and Ruth Hill McGaugh

John McGough married Nancy Parker on June 26, 1793, in Davidson county, Tennessee. He is listed as John McGough on the Davidson County Tax List for 1787. These two entries spell the surname McGough, but the contemporary spelling of the name was usually McGaugh, and later generations of this family have consistently used McGaugh. Although I have not usually included McGaughs in this website, I include the following notes on this family since their surname appears as McGough in some later records of Davidson county, Tennessee, and Ray county, Missouri.

Here is a posting of January 30, 2002, in the McGough Archive on by Carolyn S. Clark of Oklahoma:

"William McGaugh was born in 1720 in Ireland. He was in Staunton, Augusta County, Virginia in the 1760's and 1770's. He moved on to Davidson County, Tennessee where he was killed by Indians in 1789 at Hickman Station. His wife was Ruth Hill and I have names of the children and who they married. I would be happy to share information. Can anyone tell me who his parents were or can you tell me anything about Ruth Hill????

Here is another posting—this one by Patty Miller on October 29, 2002, on GenForum:

" I am looking for information on Ruth Hill who married William McGaugh. William and Ruth had a son Matthew McGaugh b. January 11, 1774, who married Elizabeth Hill daughter of John Hill and Obedience Cullum. I have quite a bit of information on Elizabeth Hill's family, but not on Ruth Hill's family. I'm wondering if there is a family connection somewhere with the other Hills. Please help if you can."

There are several helpful postings on the McGaugh Family Genealogy Forum.

The website listing of the Descendants of William McGaugh (First Generation) says that William McGaugh was born about 1721 in Ireland, and died in 1789 in Davidson county, Tennessee. (An family tree says William died in 1798, as does World Family Tree, volume 19, tree 649. World Family Trees, volume 2, tree 3743, and volume 57, tree 126, give his year of death as 1789, as do most similar sources.) William married Ruth Hill before 1766, and they had the following children: John, born about 1766 (John C. McGaugh, born in Staunton, Augusta county, Virginia; married Nancy Parker on June 26, 1793 in Davidson county, Tennessee; served in the War of 1812); Mathew, born on January 11, 1774, in Virginia (died on May 17, 1858, in Marshall county, Tennessee); Susannah, born about 1775; Robert†; William‡; Sarah, born about 1780 (actually 1772*); Thomas H., born about 1784 in Virginia; and Aggie. William also married Susannah after 1777. This listing is on a website prepared by Stephen Parker Hutchens of Bellingham, Washington: Descendants of William McGaugh. A good family tree on the early generations of this family in America is World Family Tree, volume 151, tree 783.

Robert McGaugh was born in 1777 in Augusta county, Virginia; married Elizabeth Miller (born in 1787 in Wilkes county, Georgia; and died in 1860 in Gallatin, Daviess county, Missouri. Six of their children are listed on

‡William McGaugh married Polly Patton on July 3, 1799, in Davidson county, Tennessee. See: Marriages of Davidson County, Tennessee, 1789–1847, Marriage Book I, 1789-1837, page 61, on

*Samuel Weakley was the second child of Isaac Weakley; who was born on March 5, 1770, in Halifax county, Virginia, and who died in June of 1854 in Montgomery county, Tennessee. He married twice: 1) Sarah McGaugh (March 10, 1797, in Davidson county, Tennessee) who was born on December 19, 1772, in Virginia; date of death unknown.

Family tradition is that William McGaugh signed the Cumberland Compact of May 1, 1780. The compact was signed on May 13, 1780, at Nashborough, Tennessee, in Davidson county, and was intended to set up a system for enforcing rights in land near the Cumberland River and defending settlers against massacre by the Indians until a formal government was established. The only name on the list of signers that might have belonged to William McGaugh is William Geioch. The signature was affixed at Nashborough, Tennessee, on May 13, 1780. The original list of signers has been published on the Internet as part of the Tennessee's Landmark Documents of the Tennessee State Library and Archives. Geoich/McGaugh is found on the hand-numbered page 15 (page 14 of 38 on the PDF version), and is the seventh signature (after James Buchanan, Senior, and before Samuel Shelton) from the bottom in the left of three columns of signatures. The surname, Geioch, is written in darker ink than the Christian name, William, and the G partially covers an M in lighter ink underneath. The signature may well have been written for William McGaugh by a more literate person, and be an attempt at a phonetic spelling; or it may be the later attempt of some other person to make legible an unreadable surname. I have not seen the surname Geioch anywhere else. Many of the signatures on the Cumberland Compact are unquestionably written by the same hand. More background on the Cumberland Compact will be found at Founding Families in Nashville, Tennessee, 1779–80. Here is an excerpt:

"On May 1, 1780, the 'Articles of Agreement, or Compact of Government'—popularly known as the Cumberland Compact—was drawn up, with additional resolutions on May 13, 1780. Names of 249 males were signed, representing those buying land from Richard Henderson and Company under the Watauga purchase of 1775. Although this interesting document is probably the closest equivalent to a 'written record' of the founding families, according to Arnow in Seedtime on the Cumberland (p.243), 'equally interesting is the number of known settlers who did not sign; these include John Buchanan, Jr. and Sr., Edward Swanson, William and Isaac Neely, ... neither John Rains nor Edmund Jennings signed.' With that stipulation noted, the 249 males represented the eight stations of Nashborough, Gasper's, Bledsoe's, Asher's, Stone's River, Freeland's, Eaton's, and Fort Union."

The earliest McGaughs I found in the US census of Tennessee were in 1820. Mathew McGaugh was listed in Fayetteville, Lincoln county. (roll 123, page 158). He was a male between 26 and 45 and head of a large family. He was probably the son of William McGaugh and Ruth Hill born on January 11, 1774, who married Elizabeth Hill on July 15, 1882, in Davidson county, Tennessee; and Nancy Clark on May 17, 1858, in Marshall, Tennessee (see World Family Tree, volume 19, tree 649; and volume 2, tree 3743). (Tennessee became a state in 1796. The territorial census schedules and the 1800 census were lost or destroyed. The 1810 census of Tennessee was also lost, except for Grainger and Rutherford counties. The 1820 census is incomplete. See: Description of Census and Indexes.)

In the same 1820 census of Fayetteville (roll 123, page 128) was Thomas McGaugh, also between 26 and 45, and also with a large family. This was probably Thomas H. McGough, born in Virginia about 1784, and Mathew's brother.

John McGaugh, Sr., was born about 1766 in Staunton, Augusta, Virginia. He died in March of 1857 in Rayville, Ray county, Missouri. He was buried in McGaugh Cemetery, Ray county, Missouri. John is reputed to be a veteran of the War of 1812. He was commissioned as an ensign in a Davidson county regiment of the Tennessee Militia in October of 1796. (Records of Commissions of Officers, 1796-1815, part I, page 10, on, Genealogical Records: Early Tennessee Settlers, 1700s–1900s.) He moved with his family from Davidson county, Tennessee, to Ray county, Missouri in 1819. He is said to have laid out the city of Richmond, Missouri. He was married for the first time to Nancy Parker (born in 1776 in Davidson county, Tennessee) on June 26, 1793, in Davidson county, Tennessee. Children of his first marriage were: Sina McGaugh, Jane M. 'Giney' McGaugh, William McGaugh, Elizabeth McGaugh, Charlotte McGaugh, Thomas H. McGaugh, Robert H. McGaugh, and Evaline McGaugh.

John McGaugh, Sr., was married a second time to Jane Bartelson (Evans) on November 8, 1821, in Ray county, Missouri. (The marriage of John McGaugh to Mrs. Jane Evans on November 8, 1821, is listed in Genealogical Records: Midwest Pioneers, 1600s–1800s: Missouri Marriages Before 1840, surnames, M-N, page 144, on Children were: Nancy J. McGaugh, John A. McGaugh, and Matthew M. McGaugh. The 1830 census of Ray county Missouri lists John McGaugh and Robert McGaugh. Although I don't ordinarily list McGaughs on my US census pages, I have included the entries for John and William McGaugh under Missouri, Ray County, in my page McGoughs in the 1830 Census of the United States, partly because I have a specific instance where John McGaugh, while in Tennessee, was listed as John McGough.

An application of John McGaugh of Richmond, Ray county Missouri, for compensation for service during the Revolutionary War was rejected because his service was after the Revolution. Rejected or Suspended Applications for Revolutionary. War, Claims of Missouri Residents, 1850, page 433, under Military Records: Revolutionary War Pension Lists on

John McGaugh, Abner McGaugh, and Robert McGaugh, are listed as members of Captain R. Boyd's Militia Company in Pioneers Of Davidson County, Tennessee, Members of the Davidson County Militia, 1812, page 16, on

The USGenWeb Archives— Ray County, Missouri, contains many entries for members of the McGaugh families. See also: Ray County, Missouri, Genealogy Resources. See also Caldwell, Daviess and Livingston Counties, Missouri—Genealogical and Historical Records and Indexes.

Pioneers of the Green Hills Region of North Missouri is a website that offers much information on the McGaughs in Missouri. Here is some information from that site on the children of John McGaugh, Sr., and Nancy Parker:

Sina McGaugh was born in 1795 in Davidson county, Tennessee. She died in 1840 in Ray county, Missouri. Parents: John McGaugh Sr. and Nancy Parker. She was married to Robert Pritchard on January 18, 1816 in Davidson county, Tennessee.

Jane M. 'Giney' McGaugh was born on August 1, 1796, in Davidson county, Tennessee. She died on July 29, 1863 in Ray county, Missouri. She was buried in Cox Cemetery, Ray county, Missouri. Parents: John McGaugh Sr. and Nancy Parker. She married to Sebourne James Miller on June 4, 1812, in Tennessee.

William McGaugh was born in 1802 in Davidson county, Tennessee. He died after 1870 in Carroll county, Missouri. He was a blacksmith in Monroe township, Carroll county, Missouri, in 1860. Parents: John McGaugh Sr. and Nancy Parker. He was married to Charlotte Maupin on January 1, 1847, in Livingston county, Missouri. Children were: Harriet McGaugh, Rosia McGaugh, Martha McGaugh, William C. McGaugh, Abigail McGaugh, Abayed McGaugh, and Ena McGaugh. He was married to Lucinda Elizabeth Edmonds on March 10, 1840, in Ray county, Missouri. Children were: Amanda McGaugh, Mary Ann McGaugh. William McGaugh is listed in the 1860 census of Missouri, Livingston county, Monroe township, age 59, a blacksmith, born in Tennessee, with his wife Charlotte, age 35, born in Kentucky; daughter, Amanda, age 19, born in Missouri, and 5 younger children born in Missouri.

William A. McGaugh, age 40, a farmer, born in Tennessee, is listed in the 1850 census of Ray county, Missouri. Living with him in 1850 were his wife, Rebecca McGaugh, 34, born in Kentucky, and these children, all born in Missouri: William W., 16, farmer; Sarah, 14; Lar (female), 11; Rebecca, 9; Thomas B., 6; Martin J., 3; and Malissa, 1 month old.

Elizabeth McGaugh was born in 1804 in Davidson county, Tennessee. She died after 1860. Parents: John McGaugh Sr. and Nancy Parker. She was married to Jesse Tevault on August 17, 1820, in Ray county, Missouri.

Charlotte McGaugh was born on March 10, 1807, in Davidson county, Tennessee. She died on November 3, 1870, in Ray county, Missouri. She was buried in Hill Cemetery, Ray county, Missouri. Parents: John McGaugh Sr. and Nancy Parker. The marriage records of Ray county, Missouri, show that Charlotte McGaugh married James Hill on August 15, 1827.

There were two Thomas H. McGaughs born within a few years of each other in Davidson county, Tennessee; one (who married Margaret Wall) on July 10, 1810. and the other (who married Sarsh E. Amos) in 1813. I had originally considered the two as one person.

On July 15, 2008, I received an email from Mike Dick of Knob Noster, Missouri, pointing out that these two marriages were by two different Thomas H. McGaughs:

You have an error in the history of Thomas H McGaugh. You correctly have him listed as married to Margaret Wall, and to Sarah Amos. However, these are two different guys.

"Missouri Marriages to 1850" list the two marriages, stating the one with Margaret Wall is is in 1836 and the one with Sarah Amos is in 1839.

The Thomas married to Margaret Wall is listed in the 1850 census with children Martha, George W and Edward. The Thomas married to Sarah Amos is listed in in the same census in St Charles with children William, Susan, John and Antivine. The death certificates of several of the children of the latter Thomas confirm their mother was Sarah E Amos.

The Thomas H. McGaugh who married Sarah E. Amos on December 25, 1839, in St. Charles county, Missouri, was born to William McGough and Mary (Polly) Patton in about 1813 in Tennessee. His children are listed and his ancestors traced back in The Family of Charles Everett McGaugh on Roots.Web, a gedcom prepared by Mike Dick (under the name "Family Hunter").

The Thomas H. McGaugh who married Margaret Wall, on June 2, 1836, in Ray county, Missouri, was born to John McGaugh and Nancy Parker on July 10, 1810, in Davidson county, Tennessee.. He died on August 29, 1872, in Ray county, Missouri. He is buried in McGaugh Cemetery, Ray, Missouri. Thomas H. and Margaret Wall McGaugh were great-great-ggreat-grandparents of Vice-President Dick Cheney.* See: Ancestry of Richard Bruce Cheney by William Addams Reitwiesner. (Missouri Marriage Records, 1805–2002 on lists the marriage of Thomas McGaugh and Margaret Wall in Ray county, Missouri, on June 2 1836, but the groom is indexed by as Thomas Melgaugh. The same marriage is indexed properly in Ray County, Missouri Marriages (1820–50) and Wills (1824–49) and in Missouri Marriages to 1850 except McGaugh is spelled Mcgaugh in the index to the latter source.)

Listed in the 1850 census of Ray county, Missouri, (District 75) is Thomas H. McGaugh, age 39, farmer. with real estate worth $2500, born in Tennessee (M-432, roll 412, page 307; line 38), his wife, Margaret McGaugh, age 37, born in Kentucky; and these children, all born in Missouri: Martha, 12; Edward, 9; and George W., 2. The 1850 census of District 78, St. Charles county, Missouri, lists a Thomas H. McGaugh, age 37 (indexed as age 51 by, a blacksmith, born in Tennessee, whom I had previously missed (M-432, roll 413, page 97, line 15). Living with him was his wife, Sarah, age 35, born in Tennessee, and these children, all born in Missouri: William, age 8; Susan, age 6; John, age 4; and Antwin (male), age 1. Living with the family is Judith Farmer, age 4, born in Missouri.

*More on the Cheney connection: Richard Bruce Cheney, Vice President of the United States under President George W. Bush from 2001 until 2009, was born in Nebraska on June 26, 1941. His parents were Richard Herbert Cheney, born on June 26, 1915, and Marjorie Lorraine Dickey, born on January 8, 1918. Marjorie Dickey, age 12, is listed as living with her parents in Otoe County, Nebraska, in the 1920 and 1930 US censuses. Her father was David Eli Dickey, who is listed in the 1900 census of Palmyra, Otoe County, Nebraska, as living with his father, Lon E. Dickey,† age 44, widower, born in Missouri to a father born in Tennessee and a mother born in Missouri; and Lon's step-daughter, Edna S. McGaugh (with a line through the surname), age 22, born in December, 1877, in Nebraska (with brother Edward, age 18, and sister Dot, age 12) to a father born in Missouri and mother born in Iowa. One of Dick Cheney's great-great-grandmothers is listed as Martha Ann McGaugh, who was born in Ray County, Missouri, on January 4, 1839, daughter of Thomas H. McGaugh, born in Davidson County, Tennessee on July 10, 1810, and who died in Ray County, Missouri, on August 28, 1872. Ancestry of Richard Bruce Cheney by William Addams Reitwiesner. I have supplemented the intormation on that website with data from the <Dickey Family Tree> and <Cheney Family Tree> on Public Member Trees on

†Edward Alonzo "Lon" Dickey, born on August 28, 1859, in Ray County, Missouri; in 1920 living with son in Otoe Co., Nebraska, died 1 May 1923, buried Rosewood Cemetery, Otoe Co., Neb.  m. (Lancaster, Neb., 19 July 1888? IGI) He is listed as Lawn E. A. Dickey (indexed by as Laura E. A. Dickey), age 60 widower, born in Missouri, to a father born in Tennessee and a mother born in Missouri, with no occupation, living with the family of David E. Dickey, age 31, born in Nebraska to parents born in the United States, a butcher in a meat market, working on his own account. (roll T625_997, page 8A).

Listed in the 1880 census of Ashland, Saunders County, Nebraska, is a Stella McGaugh, age 3, born in Nebraska to a father born in Missouri and a mother born in Iowa, daughter of Edward McGaugh, age 39, farmer, born in Missouri to a father born in Tennessee and a mother born in Kentucky. Listed with the family is Alonzo Dickey, age 20, a nephew, born in Missouri to a father born in Tennessee and a mother born in Missouri.

Great-Great Grandparents:

Eli G (Grover?) Dickey, born on October 28, 1828, in Missouri; died on May 6 1886, in Richmond, Ray county, Missouri. Married Martha Ann McGaugh in April,1853.

Martha Ann McGaugh, born in Ray County, Missouri, on January 4, 1839. Died on January 30, 1877, in Richmond, Ray County, Missouri, 2 days after the birth of her 13th child..

Great-Great-Great Grandparents:

Thomas H. McGaugh, born on July 10, 1810, in Davidson County, Tennessee; married Margaret Ann Wall on June 2, 1836, in Ray County, Missouri; died in Ray County, Missouri on August 29, 1872.

Margaret Ann Wall, born on April 4, 1812, in Kentucky; died on May 21, 1890, in Ray County, Missouri.

Robert H. McGaugh was born on December 28, 1812, in Davidson county, Tennessee. He died on October 22, 1880. Parents: John McGaugh, Sr., and Nancy Parker. He was married three times: to Martha Sally Davis on November 6, 1832; to Sarah Ann Acres on July 10, 1845; and to Martha Lile on September 7, 1862.

The marriage records of Ray county show the marriage of Robert McGaugh, Jr., and Sally Davis on November 7, 1832.

Listed in the 1850 census of Ray county, Missouri, is: Robert McGaugh, age 37, farmer, born in Tennessee; his wife, Sarah McGaugh, age 30, born in Tennessee, and these children, all born in Missouri: Martha F., 14; William S., 12; John, 9; James, 4; George W., 3; and Nancy, 2 months.

Evaline McGaugh was born in 1816 in Davidson county, Tennessee. Parents: John McGaugh Sr. and Nancy Parker. She was married to Samuel P. Magill on January 29, 1835, in Ray county, Missouri. According to Magill Ancestry & Descendants—Descendants of Robert Magill III, Samuel P. Magill, who was born on November 21, 1809, at Lincoln county, Kentucky, married Evaline McGaugh; and his brother, Lorenzo Hamilton Magill, who born on January 30, in Kentucky, married Nancy Jane McGaugh.

The cemetery records of Ray county, Missouri, lists the McGaugh Cemetery—northwest of Rayville, at latitude and longitude: 392139N, 0940506W. To locate the cemetery on a map, go to FindCem© Cemetery Location Maps—Ray county, Missouri. The McGaugh cemetery is currently not being maintained. See: Saving Graves—McGaugh (Zurjack Cemetery) Cemetery, Rayville, Ray County. There are several McGaughs buried in Sunny Slope Cemetery, Richmond, Missouri; Crowley Cemetery in Richmond, Missouri; the Richmond (City) Cemetery, Richmond, Missouri; and Union Cemetery, Ray County, Missouri. A list of 43 McGaughs buried in Ray county will be found at Ray Co MO Cemetery Index M.

Listed in the 1850 census of Ray county, Missouri, is: John B. McGaugh, age 45, a physician, born in Tennessee; his wife, Julia McGaugh, born in Virginia; and these children, all born in Missouri: James E., 19, laborer; Mary A., 16; Eliza A., 14 ; John W., 12; Sarah J., 10; Arrena, 8; and Rebecca S., 6.

Mathew McGaugh, the son of William McGaugh and Ruth Hill, and younger brother of John McGaugh, Sr., was born on January 11, 1774, in Augusta, Virginia. He died on May 17, 1858, in Lewisburg, Marshall county, Tennessee, and is buried in Beechwood cemetery, Marshall county, Tennessee. Mathew married Elizabeth Hill on July 15, 1802. Elizabeth was born on March 19. 1788. She died on August 18, 1822, in Williamson county (or Lincoln county), Tennessee. Matthew McGaugh and Elizabeth Hill had eleven children, one of whom was Robert Ward McGaugh, who was born on September 27, 1811, and died on April 16, 1899. See Hill Family Genealogy. Mathew married a second time after 1822—to Nancy Clark. Nancy was born on October 8, 1800, and died on June 7 , 1845, in Lewisburg, Marshall, Tennessee. She was buried in Beechwood cemetery, Marshall, Tennessee. Mathew McGaugh fathered eight more children by Nancy Clark.

Felix Robertson McGough was born to Mathew McGough and Ruth Hill on May 30, 1813. Annie Lou McGaugh, a grandaughter of Felix, the daughter of Felix son, William Marvin McGaugh. She is listed as Annie McGough, age 17, in the 1900 census of Falkville town, Morgan county, Alabama, and she is listed as a McGough on my page McGoughs and McGues in the 1900 Census of the United States. More of her family history will be found there.

Listed in the 1850 census of Ray county, Missouri, is: Mathew P. McGaugh, age 48, cooper, born in Tennessee; his wife, Elizabeth McGaugh, 35, born in Kentucky; and these children, all born in Missouri: Sarah, 13; John, 11; Andrew, 9; and William, 7.

Elizabeth Catherine Jacobs, born about 1821 in Virginia, married Matthew M. McGaugh, who was born on July 6, 1827, in Ray county, Missouri. He died on January 13, 1910, in Ray county, Missouri, and is buried in Jacobs Cemetery, Ray, Missouri. Parents: John McGaugh Sr. and Jane Bartelson. Their children are listed as James, Castin, Lucy, Robert, Bradford, Marinda, Millard and Cynthia.

There were several McGaugh families in Richmond township of Ray county, Missouri, in the 1870 census. See my page McGoughs and McGues in the 1870 Census of the United States. Generally, I have not included McGaughs in my census summary pages, but I do include some McGaughs in Ray county, Missouri, in my pages on McGoughs and McGues in the Census of the United States, especially the pages on the censuses of 1830, 1860, 1870 and 1880. In the 1880 census of Ray county, the surnames of a few of the fragments of the family of John A. and Louisa McGaugh (whom I list in my pages on the 1870 and earlier censuses) are listed as McGaws.

Here is some material listed in Genealogy Collection Descriptions in the Western Historical Manuscript Collection at the Columbia Branch of the University of Missouri:

"McGaugh Family Genealogical Materials, (SUNP2716). 0.2 linear feet. Genealogical materials for book on McGaugh family of Tennessee and Missouri. ..."

See also: The Family of Charles Everett McGaugh on Roots.Web.

McGoughs and McGaughs in American History
Updated November 3, 2013  
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