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Ui Eathach Cobha in County Down
Ui Eathach Cobha is an ancient territory in modern counties Down and Armagh, corresponding to the modern baronies of Iveagh in county Down and the small part of the diocese of Dromore that lies in county Armagh. (For a map and brief description of the diocese of Dromore, go to The Dioceses of IrelandTerritorial History.) The name Iveagh, and of the people occupying the territory, came from Eochaidh Cobha. According to the Annals of the Four Masters, Eochaidh Cobha was a son of Connla, who was son of Caelbhadh, Irish Kings #123, who ruled in 357 A.D. The Annals of Ulster and the Annals of Tigernach agree. Various genealogies, however, make Eochaidh Cobha a brother of Caelbhadh, and name both Eochaidh Cobha and Caelbhadh as sons of Crunn Badhrai, king of Ulster. The Keating Genealogies even make the "Eochaidh, from whom Ui Eachach of Ulster are called," the father of Crunn Badhrai. The table of the Lords of Ui Eathach I have presented below, and similar tables in this website, are designed to help sort out such puzzles.
In preparing this table, I have combed the Annals of the Four Masters, the Annals of Ulster, the Annals of Tigernach, and the Genealogies from Rawlinson B 502, in the Celt Corpus of Electronic Texts, on the website of the University College Cork. I have also examined the Laud 610 Genealogies and Tribal Histories and The Keating Genealogies on the Clann McLaughlin web page. I have also consulted Irish Kings and High-Kings (1973) by Francis John Byrne. I refer to these sources in the table. When there are inconsistencies between the pedigrees shown in the Annals and those shown by different genealogies, I usually adopt the pedigree shown in the Annals.
The index to John O'Donovan's edition of the Annals of the Four Masters treats as interchangeable the terms Ui Eathach Cobha and Ui Eachdach Uladhthe name of an ancient tribe in county Down. The Annals of the Four Masters also use the term Ui Eachdhach Cobha (e.g. M771.14) or simply Cobha (e.g. M879.9). The Annals of Ulster use the term Ui Eachach for the same sept. The Annals of Tigernach use Ui Eachach Ulad. Byrne, in his Irish Kings and High-Kings, calls them the Ui Ecach Cobo.
The Annals of the Four Masters also use the name Ui Eathach Uladh to describe the same tribe:
M547.2 The King of Ulidia, Eochaidh, son of Connla, son of Caelbhadh, son of Crunn Badhrai, died.
O'Donovan notes that the Annals of Ulster more correctly place this death in 552. and quotes the Annals of Clonmanoise: "A.D. 550. Ahagh Mac Conlay, King of Ulster, of whom Ivehagh is called."
O'Donovan also quotes a note from an edition of the Annals of Ulster: "Eochaidh, son of Connla'A.D.552 Mors Eachach mic Conleid, ri Ulad a quo omnes I-Eachach-Ulad.'Ann. Ult., Clarendon, tom 49." [death of Eachach, son of Conleid, from whom come all the Ui Eachach Uladh].
Byrne, in his table of the Kings of Ulaid (Cruthin), Appendix II, page 287, gives 553 as the year of the death of Eochaid, son of Condlae, son of Coelub, son of Crond Ba Drui. He says the Ui Echach Cobo derive their name from Echu, a great-uncle of this Eochaid, and a brother of Coelub and a son of Crond Ba Drui.
M548.10 The death of Eochaidh, son of Connlo, King of Ulidia, from whom are the Ui Eathach Uladh.—Tighernach.As a footnote to this entry, O'Donovan defines Ui-Eachach-Uladh: "i.e. nepotes Eochidii Ulidiae. These were the inhabitants of the baronies of Iveagh, in the County of DownSee Ecclesiastical Antiquities of Down and Connor and Dromore, by the Rev. Wm. Reeves, M.B., pp. 348 to 352." He also notes: "The Editor shall henceforward use Ulidia for Uladh, when it denotes the portion of the province of Uladh, or Ulster, lying east of the River Bann, and Gleann-Righe, to distinguish it from the whole province."
The double entries of the same death in the Annals of Ulster show the usual differences in spellings and years:
U553.1 Death of Eochu son of Conlaed i.e. king of Ulaid, in whom the Uí Echach Ulad originate.
U558.4 Death of Eochu son of Conlaed, king of Ulaid.
[Double entries, such as these multiple reports of the death of the same person in different years, are not unusual in the Annals of the Four Masters.]
The Annals of the Four Masters sometimes use the term Ui Eachdhach to describe the Ui Eathach Cobha; for example,
M689.3 Fearghus, son of Lodan, King of Ulidia, was slain by the Ui Eachdhach people of Iveagh.
The Annals of the Four Masters sometimes refer to the Ui Eathach Cobha simply as the Iveagh (e.g. M1179.4, M1383.8).
The annals of Ulster uses the phrase "h-Ui Eachach Ulad" to describe the same tribe. For example, "T553.1 Bass Eachach maic Connlai, rig Ulad, a quo h-Ui Eachach Ulad natí sunt. [The death of Eachach, son of Connlaigh, king of Ulidia, from who are the tribe of h-Ui Eachach Ulad.]
The Eochaidh who, according to the genealogists, gave his name to the Ui Eathach Cobha, or Iveagh, is not the same Eochaidh that John O'Hart, in his Irish Pedigrees or the Root and Stem of the Irish Nation, says was the progenitor of the McGoughsor at least some of the McGoughs. O'Hart's Eochaidh was a great grandson of Colla da Chrioch (son of Felim,. son of Fiachra Cassan, son of Colla da Chrioch), the first king of Oriel. See the discussion and tables on my page: Colla da Chrioch, First King of Oriel.
Eochaidh (or Echach) Coba (or Eocha Cobu) was the son (or perhaps great-grandson) of Crond Badruí (or Cruind Ba Drui or Crunn Badhrai), the 47th King of Ulster, in the line of Fiacha Araidhe, the 37th King of Ulster. See the table on my page: Kings of Ulster—to Colla da Chrioch. Other sources say that Eocha Coba was the son of Connlo, son of Caelbhadh, son of Crunn Badhrai. See the table below. Eochaidh Coba was a king of Ulster who died in 553.
The ancient territory of the Ui Eathach Cobha is located in what are now the baronies of Iveagh in county Down plus the small part of the diocese of Dromore that lies in county Armagh. Today's Iveagh included four baronies, all named Iveagh: Lowerlower half, Lowerupper half, Upperlower half, and Upperupper half. See the Baronies of Ireland on Ireland's History in Maps. The Iveagh baronies comprise roughly the northern two-thirds of the western half of county Down, and border on county Armagh to the west. PRONI has published a color-coded map of the Baronies of Northern Ireland that allows the viewing of the baronies in each county, including county Down.
A map of the barony of Kinealerty (Kinelarty) of 1656, from the survey of in county Down by Sir William Petty, shows the barony of "Evagh Upper" on the right and "Lower Evagh" at the bottom. "Upper Evagh" is shown at the bottom of a map of the parish of Magherehowlet (Magherehamlet) and "Lower Evagh Barony" is shown at the bottom of a map of the parish of Magheredril (Magheredroll), both from the same survey. These and other old maps of county Down are published on the website McCartan of Kinelarty County Down. An explanation of the place names used in the maps on the McCartan website says that the current name of Evagh is the barony of Iveagh and the Irish derivation is Uibh Eachach, which means "descendants of Echu."
The seventy civil parishes of county Down are displayed on a map published by the Ulster Historical Foundation. A map showing the major towns of county Down has been published by GoIreland.com, Ireland's national tourism service. Descriptions, and often photographs, of the towns shown on the map are available on the website..
In the references below, where possible, I give the name of a town, parish, or barony, to help locate the area being mentioned.
Here are excerpts from a discussion on the web page, Background on Uladh, which includes a list of the ancient kings and lords of Uladh (Ulidia):
"An ancient territory in Ulster, referred to in these texts as Uladh, Ulaid and Ulidia, was noted to be the home of the Ulaid and the Cruithne tribes, e.g. the Dál Fiatach, Dál Araidhe, Uí Eathach Cobha, Conaille Muirtheimhne, Leth Cathail, and the Dál Riada, among others. An ancient cultural center for the Ulaid was at Emhain Macha [Navan, two miles west of the city of Armagh], in modern County Armagh, before being driven east by the incursion of the three Collas. A later center for the Dál Fiatach was established at or near modern Downpatrick in County Down.
"The ancient Uladh genealogies cite Clann Conaill Cernaich, of the line of Ir, a quo Dál n-Araide, and the Úi Echach Ulad, and the Conaille Murthemni, and the Laígsi Laigen (of Leinster), and the Sogaine (of Connacht). The Dál Fiatach (Clan Con Ruí, probably named from Fiatach Finn) and the Dál Riata (named from Cairbre Riada) are cited in the line of Heremon.
"The Uí Eochadha, later anglicized as Haughey, O'Hoey and Hoy, were noted chiefs of Uladh (Ulster) in the 10th century. The ancestors of the Uí Eochadha were lords in the County Down and south Antrim area for many centuries. ...
"By the time of the Norman Invasion in the late 12th century the Mac Duinnshléibhe (MacDonlevy) sept, named for their late 11th century ancestor Donn Slébhe Ua h-Eochadha, were chiefs of Uladh. The end of many centuries of Ulidian power, although dramatically reduced in the 4th and 5th centuries, came with the defeat of the MacDonlevys by John de Courcy in 1177.
"The Magennis (MacGuinness) sept, lords of Iveagh, are stated to be descended from the Dal Araidhe. Their lineage cites ancestry from Saran, a 5th century chief of Dal Araidhe during the time of St. Patrick, and continues through the line of the Eathach Cobha of the Iveagh area of County Down.
"Other septs included on the list of Ulster Kings included a MacMahon (MacMathghamhna) sept, lords of Oriel; a Lawlor (O Leathlobhair) sept; and an Ua Flaithrí sept."
See the discussion under the heading Conquest and Division of Ulster in my web pages Kings of Ulster and Kings of Ulidia. See also The Tribes of Uladh.
In Place-Names of Northern Ireland, Volume Three, County Down III, The Mournes, in the introduction at page xx, this information is provided on the territory of the Ui Eathach Coba:
"The County boundaries [of Down] were not settled all at once. Jobson's set of Ulster maps (c. 1590) and Norden's map of Ireland (1610) show the names and bounds of the three counties of Antrim, Down and Armagh. Both cartographers still include in Down the Cooley peninsula (now in Co. Louth) and also Loughgilly, O'Hanlon's chief seat in the barony of Orior (Co. Armagh). According to Jobson, Armagh extended across the outflow of the Bann into Lough Neagh to include Clanbrasil (later the barony of Oneilland East), and Down included Killultagh on the east bank of Lough Neagh (later the barony of Upper Massareene in Co. Antrim). A document in the state papers of 1603 refers to 'Down County alias Leycaile' (which includes Cowley and Omethe in modern Co. Louth), but gives Kilulto as a separate 'country' ... In 1605, Killultagh was annexed to Co. Antrim ... In the same year an inquisition on Clandeboy stated that the most noted boundary between the parts of it called Killultagh and Upper Clandeboy (later Castlereagh) was the river Lagan ... , and the Lagan remains the boundary between Cos Antrim and Down to this day.
"The land east of the Upper Bann on the shore of Lough Neagh, known as Clanbrasil, was traditionally Ui Eachach Coba or Magennis territory. In 1605 Clanbrassilagh 'which before lay doubtful between it and the County of Down' was formally annexed to the new County of Ardmaghe ... becoming eventually the barony of Oneilland East. .. . Modern Co. Down has retained one townland still called Kilmore, a strip of land connecting it with Lough Neagh, although Kilmore is part of the civil parish of Shankill, all the rest of which is in Co. Armagh. The artificiality of the County boundary in this area continued to cause problems: Sir William Petty in his baron and county maps ... thought that the Bann formed the northern boundary between Cos Down and Armagh and placed the Armagh parishes of Seagoe and Shankill to the west of the river instead of to the east. The diocese of Dromore, however, reflects the earlier boundary between Ui Echach Coba and Airgialla, in that it includes Seagoe and Shankill and follows the river Bann all the way to Lough Neagh ... "
At page 67 of the same book, under the heading The Barony of Iveagh, this additional information is given:
"The name Iveagh derives from Uib Echach (later spelled Uibh Eachach), the dative or locative form of the tribal name Ui Echach 'grandsons/descendants of Echu'. Ui Echach were one of the tribes of the confederation of the Ulaid 'Ulstermen', after whom the province of Ulster is named ... They shared the kingship of east Ulster with Dal Fiatach, the historic Ulaid, and with Dal nAraide of south Antrim who, like them, belonged to the ethnic group called Cruthin. The Echu from whom they claimed descent is reputed to have been either father or son of Crund Ba Drui, a descendant of Fiacha Araide, ancestor of Dal nAraide ... The Ui Echach were also known as the Ui Echach Coba to distinguish them from similarly named tribes, to the east in the Ards peninsula (Ui Eachach Arda), and to the west in Airgialla. The epithet was taken from the area they inhabited, known in early Irish as Mag Coba and appearing in Anglo-Norman documents as the castle of Moyvcove . . . It is also attested as part of the original name of the Iveagh parish of Donaghmore: Domnach Mor Maige Coba.
"As with other early tribes Ui Echach subdivided into various septs. The dominant group in medieval times were the Magennises, from Mac Oengusa 'son of Angus'. The Ui Echach genealogies ... list an Oengus, son of Aitid mac Laigne, who, according to the annals, was king of Ulster when killed in AD 898 ... , and Oengus mac Aitid is given by Keating as the ancestor of the family ... Their chief seat was at Rathfriland, near the hill of Knock Iveagh which provides a view of the whole barony. The 16th-century cartographer, Richard Bartless, who was interested in the inauguration sites of Irish chieftains, wrote beside Knock Iveagh on one of his maps: 'Lisenree where the Magennis is made' ... It seems likely that Lisenree derives from an original Irish Lios na Ri 'fort of the kings', but of the two modern places called Lisnaree in or near the barony, the closer is in the Lordship of Newry several miles further south, while the other is near Banbridge. As well as being tribal rulers, and patrons of Gaelic poets, many Magennises also became important churchmen, either in the local diocese of Dromore or further afield. ...
"The area covered by the diocese of Dromore is similar to but larger than the barony of Iveagh, and reflects the extent of earlier Ui Echach Coba influence to the south and north. The north-western boundary of the diocese follows the River Bann from Knock Bridge (on the modern boundary with Co. Armagh) all the way to Lough Neagh, and includes the district of Clanbrasil, now the barony of Oneilland East. Clanbrasil was traditionally part of Ui Echach but was annexed to the new County of Armagh in 1605. At the south-eastern corner of Lough Neagh, on the southern edge of Killultagh, was a district called Kilmore. This territory was lost to the Magennises in 1612 and, with the exception of the townland of Kilmore ... , is no longer in Iveagh. It remains, however, in the diocese of Dromore. North of Kilmore is the parish of Aghalee which is also in the diocese. It was part of Iveagh in 1584 but was annexed in 1605, with the rest of Killultagh, to Co. Antrim (barony of upper Massarene). In the south, Mourne was disputed between the dioceses of Down and Dromore throughout much of the medieval period, while Newry was included in Dromore until the 16th century. By the 18th century, however, the Lordship of Newry and the barony of Mourne had come to be regarded as forming an 'exempt jurisdiction' as far as the established church was concerned ... In 1869, both were restored to the Anglican diocese of Dromore, although in the Roman Catholic administrative system Mourne is now in the diocese of Down."
The numbers in the left column are from the pedigree of Mac Aonghusa (Magennis, MacGuiness) in The Keating Genealogies. Keating's numbers proceed from father to son. Although many persons in this pedigree were not "kings," I assume they were all of the "nobility" of Ui Eathach Cobha, and include them in the table.
In column three, I show references to both the Annals of the Four Masters and the Annals of Ulster. As has been my usual practice in preparing these tables, I give first priority to the spellings and years in the electronic edition of the Annals of the Four Masters, even though the years in the Annals Ulster during this period are probably more accurate.
In the fourth column, I give various spellings of the name I have encountered on the nextpartly to assist in the use of search engines. If there is a reference number designated SS# after a name, the reference is to the Stevens/Southworth/Medieval Database on World Connect. (Use Advance Search and enter the name only as a given name.)
Names in bold type in the second column are also listed as Kings of Ulidia. For additional explanation, see my web page Kings of Ulsterto Colla da Chrioch and Kings of Ulidia.
|Genelach Ua n-Echach Coba (Genealogies from Rawlinson B 502 ¶ 1692||Genelach Ua n-Ecach (Genealogies from Rawlinson B 502 ¶ 1688||Laud 610|
|83||Fiacha Araidhe||Fiacha Araide, Fiachu Araide, Fiachaidh Aruidhe||"From whom Dal nAruidhe are named." The Keating Genealogies. Ulster Kings #37. SS#9090.|
|85||Feidhlimidh||Fedelmid, Felim, Fedlimith||SS#9088.|
|89||Eochach||"From whom the Eochach of Ulster are called." The Keating Genealogies. SS#9084. O'Hart says: "a quo is called the territory of Iveagh."|
|90||Crond Badruí||Cruind Ba Drui, Cron Bhadroi, Crunnbhadroi, Crunbadroy, Cruinn BA Dhrai, Cronn Bhadhraoi, Cruind BA drui, Crond Ba Drui||SS#9069. Ulster Kings #44.||m. Cruind BA Druí||m. Cruind BA Druí cuius filius Eocho C[gap: illegible/extent: 3 letters].[The probable translation is "whose brother is Eochu Coba"]||m. Cruind BA drui. [¶1691] Cathasach m. Ailella m. Dúnlainge cuius filius Cú Chuaráin m. Scandail cuius filius Congal Cáech m. Béicce m. Fiachrach m. Báetáin Caích m. Echdach m. Condlae m. Cruind BA Druí.]|
|91||Caelbhadh||Ruled all of Ireland in 357 A.D.||Coelbad Coba, Caolbadh, Caolbhach, Cóelbad, Caolbha, Caolbadius||Irish Kings #123. Ulster Kings #47. Caelbhadh was the father of two sons: Connla and Saran. According to John O'Hart, Saran was the king of Ulster who was defeated and deposed by the three Collas. SS#9065.||m. Cóelbad||Coelbad Coba m. Cruind BA drai|
|Connla||M547.2, M548.10||Conlaid, Conlaed, Connlo, Conlaoch, Conall||M547.2 The King of Ulidia, Eochaidh, son of Connla, son of Caelbhadh, son of Crunn Badhrai, died.|
|Eochaidh Cobha||T553.1, U553.1||Eochu, Echach Coba||King of Ulidia. "T553.1 Bass Eachach maic Connlai, rig Ulad, a quo h-Ui Eachach Ulad natí sunt.: [The death of Eachach, son of Connlaigh, king of Ulidia, from who descend the tribe of h-Ui Eachach Ulad.] U553.1 "Death of Eochu son of Conlaed i.e. king of Ulaid, in whom the Uí Echach Ulad originate." M547.2 The King of Ulidia, Eochaidh, son of Connla, son of Caelbhadh, son of Crunn Badhrai, died. SS# 9282 says, contrary to the Annals, that this Eochaidh was the son of Crond BA_Drui, that his mother was Indecht, and that he was the brother of Brother of Caelbadh, #91. Father of Conall.||m. Echach Coba (a quo Úi Echach Coba) m. Cruind BA Druí. (This is a different Ecuh, shown in Byrne's table to be a great uncle of the Eochaidh who died in 553.)||m. Echach (a quo hI Echach)|
|92||Conall||Son of Eochu Coba. SS#9281. Keating says that he was the son of Caolbhad, and thus a brother of Eochu Coba. Byrne shows him as a son of Echu (a quo Ui Ecach Cobo), son of Crond Ba Drui, which would make him a nephew of Caolbhad).||m. Conaill m. Echach Coba (a quo Úi Echach Coba) m. Cruind BA Druí.||m. Conaill||m. Conaill m. Echach (a quo hi Echach) [m. Baetan m. Ecach m. Condlai m. Coelbad Coba m. Cruind BA drai]|
|93||Fothad (K of Ui Echach C)||Died in 552.||SS#9280. Son of Conall.||m. Fothaid||m. Fothaid||m. Fothaid|
|94||Maine||SS#9279. Son of Fothad.||m. Maine||m. Maine||m. Mane|
|95||Saran||SS#9278. Son of Maine.||m. Sáráin||m. Sáráin||m. Srain|
|96||Mongan||SS#9277. Son of Saran.||m. Mongáin||m. Mongáin||m. Mongain|
|97||Aedan (K of Ui Echach C)||Died in 616.||Aodhan||SS#9276. Son of Mongan.||m. Áedáin||m. Áedáin||m. Aedain|
|Fergus (K of Ulster)||U692.3||Fearghus||Fergus. Kings of Ulidia #19. (K of Ulster) SS#9268. Son of Aedan. U692.3 describes Fergus both as King of Ulaidh and as king of Ui Echach Coba. Keating omits Fergus from his genealogy.||m. Fergusa||m. Fergusa||m. Fergusa|
|98||Breasal||M683.4. Byrne: died in 685||Breasal Bealdearg, Bresail Bal, Bressal||M683.4. Breasal, Son of Fearghus, chief of Cobha, died.||.||m. Bresail||m. Bresail Bal|
|Maicnia||U702.4||Mael Cothaig, son of Fergus who died in 692 (Byrne)||Maicnia king of Uí Echach Ulad died||m. Máel Cothaid||[m. Maili Cothaid]|
|99||Conchubhar||U714.7||Conchobar||Keating's Genealogy of the Mac Aonghusas shows a son of Breasal Bealdearg (#98) to be the father of Conchubhar. Byrne shows Bressal, who died in 685, to be father of Conchobar. U714.7 A battle between two sons of Béc of Bairche and Bresal's son, king of Uí Echach, and the victors therein were Béc's sons. M712.2 A battle was fought between the two sons of Beg Boirche and the sons of Breasal, chiefs of Ui Eathach Uladh Iveagh; and the victory was gained over the sons of Breasal.||m. Conchobuir||m. Concubair|
|Conchadh||M732.10||Connchad mac Cuanach||
M732.10 Conchadh, son of Cuanach, chief of Cobha, slain at Faughard, county Louth, near Dundalk. Aed Roin, King of Ulidia #21F, was slain in the same battle. Byrne dates the battle as 735. Mac Niocaill: "son of Cuanu, king of the Ui Eachach of Cuib." (page 124).
|Fearghus Glut||M734.5||M734.5 Fearghus Glut, chief of Cobha, died.|
|Eochaidh||M739.6, T744.11, U753.13||Eachach, Eochaid Coba||Son of Breasal. M739.6 and U753.13 refer to Eochaidh, son of Breasal, chief of Ui Eathach Iveagh. T744.11 Eachach maic Bresail ríg O n-Eachach. Mac Niocaill refers to a battle in 714 "when two other of Becc's sons inflicted a defeat on the Ui Echach under the rule Eochaid Coba son of Bresal." (page 115).|
|100||Domnaill||Domhnall||Son of Conchobar||m. Domnaill||m. Domnaill|
|101||Blathmeic||Blathmhac||Son of Domnall||.||m. Blaithmeic||m. Blaithmeic|
|102||Laigne||Laighnen||m. Laigne||m. Laigne|
|103||Aitid||Eididh||m. Aitíd||m. Addid|
|104||Oengusas||Aonghus Mor||[Flaithbertach m. Echmilid m. Aeda m. Aengusa m. Addid m. Laigne m. Blaithmeic m. Domnaill m. Concubair m. Bresail Bal m. Fergusa m. Aedhain.||m. Óengusa||m. Aengusa|
|107||Aeda||Aodh||m. Aeda||m. Aeda|
|108||Aonghus||Aonghus||Son of Echmileadh|
|109||Echmilid||Echmileadh||m. Echmílid||m. Echmilid|
|110||Flaithbertach||Son of Echmilid||Flaithbertach|
|111||Aodh Reamhar||Aeda||m. Áeda|
|m. Feideilmid||m. Fedlimthi|
|Ailill||M756.5, U761.2 [U753.13]. Byrne: died 761||[Aillill]||M756.5 The battle of Ath Dumha (Ath Dumai) was fought between the Ulidians and Ui Eathach people of Iveagh (Ui Eachach of Cuib), in which Ailill, son of Feidhlimidh, lord of Ui Eathach, was slain. Fiachna, King of Ulidia #23F, led Ulidia in the battle. [U753.13 Son of Breasal, chief of Ui Eathach ?]. Son of Feidelmid, son of Mael Cothaig, son of Fergus, King of Ulida, who died in 691. (Byrne)||m. Ailella||m. Ailella|
|Gormghal||M771.14, U776.9||Gormgal||Son of Conall Crai (Conall Cru). M771.14 Lord of Cobha [the Ui-Eachdach-Cobha, the people of Iveagh in county Down] slain in the battle of Ath Dumha. U776.9 The battle of Áth Duma between Int Airthir and Uí Echach Coba, in which Gormgal son of Conall Cru, king of Cuib, fell.|
|Byrne: died 825 (?)||Maelbreasail ?||Son of Ailill||m. Máel Bresail||m. Mail Bresail|
|m. Cernaich||m. Cernaig|
|m. Lorccáin||m. Lorcan|
|m. Écertaich (cuius filius Cummascach)||m. Certaig (cuius filius Cumascach)|
|Coisenmhech||M779.12, U784.2||Coisenmech||M779.12 Coisenmhech Ua Predene, lord of Ui Eathach Uladh Iveagh, died. U784.2 describes Coisenmech as the grandson of Predéne.|
|Cathasach||M790.9||Cathasac||M790.9 Cathasach, son of Toirpthea, lord of Ui Eathach Iveagh, died.||¶1691] Cathasach m. Ailella m. Dúnlainge cuius filius Cú Chuaráin m. Scandail cuius filius Congal Cáech m. Béicce m. Fiachrach m. Báetáin Caích m. Echdach m. Condlae m. Cruind BA Druí.|
|Eochaidh||M796.9, U801.3||Echu||M796.9 A battle between the Ulidians and the Ui Eathach Cobha, wherein Eochaidh, son of Ailell, lord of Cobha [Iveagh], was slain. U801.3 A battle between the Ulaid and the Uí Echach Cobha, in which Echu son of Ailill, king of Cuib, fell.|
|Cinaedh ?||M803.5||M803.5 Cinaedh, son of Conchobhar, was slain at Magh Cobha, by the Cruithni [of Dal Araidhe].|
|Dunlaing||M808.6||M808.6 Dunlaing, son of Flannchaidh, lord of Ui Eathach, died.||¶1691] Cathasach m. Ailella m. Dúnlainge cuius filius Cú Chuaráin|
|Muireadhach||M825.5||M825.5 Muireadhach, son of Eochadh, lord of Ui Eathach Uladh, mustered the Ulidians. [M838.8 Muireadhach, son of Eochaidh, son of Fiacha, King of the province of Conchobhar [Ulster], was killed by his brothers, Aedh and Aenghus, with many others besides them.]|
|Mael Bressail||Byrne: died 825||Son of Ailill, who died in 761.|
|Donnchadh||M844.6||M844.6 Donnchadh, son of Amhalghadh, lord of Ui Eathach;|
|Cearnach||M851.12||M851.12 Cearnach, son of Maelbreasail, lord of Cobha, died.|
|Conallan||M879.9||M879.9 Conallan, son of Maelduin, lord of Cobha, fell in battle.|
|Aitith||Byrne: Died 898||Son of Laigne, son of Blathmac, son of Domnall, son of Conchobar, so of Bressal (who died in 685).|
|Cummascach||M930.5||M930.5 Flann, son of Maelfinnia, lord of Breagh, was slain by one of the Ui-Eathach, i.e. by Cummascach, son of Egceartach.|
|Domhnall Mac Aenghusa||M956.6||Daniel Magennis||Lord of Ui Eathach. Died. O'Donovan says that this is the first notice of the Magennis family in the Annals.|
|110 ?||Flaithbheartach Ua Muireadhaigh||M966.5, U968.2||M966.5 Flaithbheartach Ua Muireadhaigh, lord of Ui-Eathach, died. U968.2 Flaithbertach son [?] of Muiredach, Lord of Ui-Eatach, died.|
|Aedh Ua hAitidhe||M965.7, U967.4||Aed ua hAitid, Aedh Reamhar||King of Ui-Eathach-Cobha, killed by his own tribe. U967.4 Aed ua hAitid, king of Uí Echach, was killed by his own people.||m. Áeda|
|112||Dubbhinse||Duibhinnsi ?||Son of Aedh Reamhar.|
|113||Giolla Coloim||Son of Dubbhinse.|
|Domhnall Ua hAiteidh, Domnall ua hAitid||M980.3, U981.1||Domnall ua hAitid||M980.3 Domhnall Ua hAiteidh, lord of Ui-Eathach, and Loingseach, son of Foghartach, chief of Ui-Niallain, mutually fell by each other.|
|Maelduin||M992.7, U993.6||Mael Dúin||Cleircen, son of Maelduin, lord of Ui-Eathach, was slain. (U-, king of Uí Echach)|
|Cléirchéne||M992.7, U993.6||M992.7 Cleircen, son of Maelduin, lord of Ui-Eathach, was slain by his own people. Cleirchene son of Mael Dúin, king of Uí Echach, was killed by his own people.|
|Gairbhidh||M1003.12, U1004.5||Gairbíth||M1003.12 The battle of Craebh-tulcha, between the Ulidians and the Cinel-Eoghain ... In this battle was slain ... Gairbhidh, lord of Ui-Eathach.||m. Garbíth||m. Garbida|
|114||Ruaidhri Ua hAileallain||M1018.12, U1019.8||Ruaidrí ua hAilelláin, Rughruidhe||M1018.12 Ruaidhri Ua hAileallain, lord of Ui-Eathach, was slain by the men of Fearnmhagh. U1019.8 Son of Giolla Chololm.|
|115||Echmhilidh Ua hAitidhe||M1005.7, U1006.3||Eichmílid ua hAitid||Son of Ruaidri. M1005.7 Echmhilidh Ua hAitidhe, lord of Ui-Eathach, was slain by the Ulidians themselves. U1006.3 King of Uí Echach—killed by the Ulaid.||m. Echmílid|
|116||[Muircheartach]||M1011.4, U1012.4||Muircheartach Riagnach||M1011.4 Muircheartach, son of Artan, Tanist of Ui-Eathach, was slain. U1012.4 Son of Artán, heir designate of Uí Echach. Keating says he was son of Echmileadh, and father of Art. "A.D.1011 Muíreartach Mc Artán, King presumptive of Iveagh, was slain at the Battle of the Mullachs. He was the first who was named Mc Artán, being the son (mac) of Artán, who died in the year 1004."|
|117||[Artán]||M1004.12, U1005.6||Art na madhman||M1004.12 A battle was gained at Loch-Bricrenn, by Flaithbheartach, over the Ui-Eathach and the Ulidians, where Artan, royal heir of Ui-Eathach, was slain. U1005.6 Heir designate of Uí Echach fell.|
|118||Aodh||Aodh||Son of Art.||m. Aeda ?|
|M1013.5||M1013.5 A battle between the Ui-Eathach themselves, i.e. between Cian, son of Maelmhuaidh, and Domhnall, son of Dubh-da-bhoireann, in which were slain Cian, Cathal, and Roghallach, three sons of Maelmhuaidh, with a great slaughter along with them.|
|Cormac||U1017.4||Cormac son of Lorcán, king of Uí Echach||Congal ? [from Genelach Ua N-Echach Coba & is iat-side lethchenél Dál n-Araidi, Rawlinson 502B ¶1692]|
|Flaithbertach||T1020.4||T1020.4 Flaithbertach h-ua h-Eochadha do dallad la Níall mac Eochadha.|
|119||Art||Art||Son of Aodh.|
|120||Aodh||Aodh||Son of Art.|
|121||Domhnall Mor||Domhnall Mor||Son of Aodh.||
|122||Domhnall Og||Domhnall Og||Son of Domhnall Mor.|
|123||Aodh||Aodh||Son of Domhnall Og.|
|124||Art Ruadh||Art Ruadh||Son of Aodh.|
|125||Aodh||Aodh||Son of Art Ruadh.|
|Mac Concuailgne||M1028.7, U1028.6||Son of Cú Chuailnge||M1028.7 Mac Concuailgne, lord of Ui-Eathach, died. U1028.6 The son of Cú Chuailnge, king of Uí Echach, died.|
|Orc Allaid ua Ruadacáin||U1038.4||Orc Allaid ua Ruadacáin, king of Uí Echach, was killed.|
|Muiredach||M1037.12 U1039.4||M1037.12 Muireadhach Ua Ruadhacain and the Ui-Eathach, won a battle. U1039.4 Muiredach, son of Flannacán, of the Uí Echach died.|
|Cumasgach Ua h-Ailellain||M1044.2, U1044.1||Cumuscach ua hAililléin||M1044.2 Cumasgach Ua h-Ailellain, lord of Ui-Eathach, was slain by the Ui-Caracain. U1044.1 Cumuscach ua hAililléin, king of Uí Echach was killed.|
|Aiteidh Ua hAiteidh||M1046.2, U1046.1, T1046.1||Aiteid ua hAiteid||M1046.2 Aiteidh Ua hAiteidh, lord of Ui-Eathach-Uladh, killed. U1046.1 Aiteid ua hAiteid, king of Uí Echach Ulad, was killed. T1046.1 Aidith mac Aidith, rí h-Úa n-Eachach Ulad.|
|T1045.3||T1045.3 Ár Ulad i Reachraind im Regnall h-ua n-Eochadha la h-Imar mac Arailt.|
|T1048.11 Sluaiged la mac n-Eochadha|
|Echmhilidh Ua hAiteidh||U1065.9||Echmíled ua hAitid||M1065.6 Echmhilidh Ua hAiteidh, lord of Ui-Eathach, was slain by the Cinel-Eoghain. U1065.9 Echmíled ua hAitid, king of Uí Echach, was killed by the Cenél Eógain.|
|Domnall ua hAiteidh.||M1086.4, U1086.6||M1086.4 A battle was gained by the Airtheara over the Ui-Eathach, wherein Domhnall Ua hAiteidh was slain, with some others. U1086.6. A defeat was inflicted by the Airthir on the Uí Echach, in which fell Domnall ua hAiteidh.|
|Gillamoninne Ua hEochadha||M1086.5, U1086.7||Gilla Moninne ua Eochada||M1086.5 The battle of Eochaill was gained by the Ulidians over the Airghialla and Ua Ruadhagain, where ... Gillamoninne Ua hEochadha, lord of Clann-Sinaigh was slain.|
|U1089.5 The joint lords of the men of Fernmagh, and a multitude besides, were killed by the Uí Echach and the Ulaid in Sliab Fuaid.|
|Flaithbheartach Ua hAidith||M1094.3, U1094.1||Flaithbertach ua hAiteidh||U1092.5 Flaithbertach son of Ruaidrí ua Ruadacán was killed by the Uí Echach. M1094.3 Flaithbheartach Ua hAidith, lord of Ui-Eathach-Uladh, was blinded by Donnchadh Ua hEochadha, King of Ulidia. U1094.1 Flaithbertach ua hAiteidh, king of Uí Echach, was blinded by Donnchad ua hEochada, king of Ulaid. [Keating's genealogy of the Mac Aonghusa lists Flathbheartach, son of Echmileadh, as #109.]||Flaithbertach|
|Domhnall Ua Madadhain||M1095.17||M1095.17 Domhnall Ua Madadhain, lord of Ui-Eathach, died.|
|[Donnchadh]||M1102.5, U1102.2||mac NA hErluime||M1102.5 Donnchadh, son of Echri Ua Aiteidh, Tanist of Ui-Eathach, was killed by the Ulidians. U1101.2 Son of Echrí ua Aitidh, heir designate of Uí Echach, was killed by the Ulaid. U1102.10 Ros Ailithir, i.e. with its superior, was plundered by the Uí Echach to avenge the killing of ua Donnchada, i.e. mac NA hErluime.|
|U1109.3 A slaughter was inflicted on the Uí Bresail, including their king, i.e. Dartin, and the Uí Echach fell by the Uí Méith and the men of Fernmag. U1109.9 A slaughter was inflicted on the Uí Méith, including their king, i.e. Goll Bairche, and some of the men of Fernmag fell by the Uí Bresail and the Uí Echach.|
|U1118.8 The defeat of Cenn Daire was inflicted on the Uí Echach of Ulaid by Murchad ua Ruadacán, and slaughter was inflicted on them.|
|Domhnall Ua hAideith||M1119.4||M1119.4 Domhnall Ua hAideith, lord of Ui-Eathach, was killed by Echri, son of Flaithbheartach.|
|U1122.5 A great raid was made by Conchobor ua Lochlainn and the Cenél Eogain, and they reached Cell Ruaidh in Ulaid, and brought away an innumerable spoil of cattle.|
|U1128.8 An army was brought by Conchobor ua Lochlainn and the Cenél Eógain and the Dál Araide and the Airgialla into Magh Coba, and they took the hostages of the Uí Echach. They turn thereafter south into the territory of the men of Brega, and left some of their people dead there and committed a great crime before God and man, i.e. the burning of Áth Truim with its churches, and a number of people suffered martyrdom there. They returned home, not having obtained peace from God or men.|
|Echri Ua hAitteidh||M1136.8||Son of Flaithbheartach. M1136.8 Echri Ua hAitteidh, lord of Ui-Eathach, was killed by the Ui-Eathach themselves.|
|Murchadh Ua Ruadhacant||M1160.5||M1160.15 Murchadh Ua Ruadhacant, lord of Ui-Eathach, died.|
|[David]||M1164.10, T1164.9||Dabid mac Duind Sleibe h-Úi Eochadha||M1164.10 David, son of Donnsleibhe Ua hEochadha, was killed by the Ui-Eathach-Uladh, by treachery. T1164.9 Dabid mac Duind Sleibe h-Úi Eochadha.|
|[Diarmait Mac Artain]||U1165.6||U1165.6 Diarmait Mac Artain, chief of Clann-Fogartaigh, hospitality and benefaction of all Ui-Echach, died.|
|Mulmurry Mac Murrough,||M1172.6, U1172.6||Mael-Muire Mac Murchadha||U1172.6 Mael-Muire Mac Murchadha, chief of Muinnter-Birn and chief and king of the Ui-Echach, was killed by Aedh Mac Oenghusa and by the Clann-Aedha of the Ui-Echach of Ulidia.|
|[Hugh Magennis]||M1172.6||M1172.6 Mulmurry Mac Murrough, Lord of Muintir Birn, was slain by Hugh Magennis and the Clann-Aodha of Ui Eathach Uladh.|
|Domnall||U1177.5||U1177.5. A hosting by John De Courcy and by the knights into Dal-Araidhe ... on which they killed Domnall, grandson of Cathusach [Mac Duinnsleibhe Ua Eochadha], king of Dal-Araidhe.|
|O'Rogan||M1179.4, U1179.3||Ua Ruadhacain, Ruaidhrí mac Duinn Slebe Ua Eochadha||M1179.4 O'Rogan, Lord of Iveagh, died of three nights sickness, shortly after he had been expelled for violating the Canoin-Phatruig. U1179.3 Ua Ruadhacain, king of Ui-Echach, died after three nights' illness, after his expulsion and after his profanation of the Canon of Patrick a short time before. T1178.13 Ruaidhrí mac Duinn Slebe Ua Eochadha|
|Duvinnsi Magennis,||M1208.4||M1208.4 Duvinnsi Magennis, Lord of Clann-Aodha, in Iveagh, was slain by the son of Donslevy O'Haughy.|
|'Milo' Echmhilidh McCartan||1260||See McCartans of Kinelarty. "A.D. 1260 Heavy fines were imposed on: the Uí Tuírtre, Cabaire Magennis, Rúaidrhí Magennis, 'Milo' Echmhilidh McCartan, and Magillochan-in an inquisition for: 'withdrawal from the peace of Lord Edward' Pipe Roll 45 - Henry III." "A.D. 1273 Fitzwarin and Niall O' Neill, in a joint letter to the English government, refer to Mc Cartan as 'King of Uíbh Eathach'. Calendar of Documents relating to Ireland 1171-1307, Ed by H. S. Sweetman and G. F. Handcock, (Record Pubs 1875 -1886), 5vols"|
|Thomas Mac Artan||M1347.6||M1347.6 Thomas Mac Artan, Lord of Iveagh, in Ulidia, was hanged by the English.|
|Art Magennis||M1380.6, M1380.8, M1383.8||
M1380.6 A great defeat was given by Magennis (Art) to the English and the people of Orior. O'Hanlon, Chief of Orior, and great numbers of the English, were slain on this occasion. M1380.8 Art Magennis, Lord of Iveagh, in Ulidia, was treacherously taken prisoner in the house of Mortimer. M1383.8 Art Magennis, Lord of Iveagh in Ulster, sole prop of the hospitality of Ireland in his time, died of the plague at Trim, where he had been detained in prison by the English.
|[Cu-Uladh Magennis]||M1396.11||M1396.11 Cu-Uladh Magennis, heir to the lordship of Iveagh, was slain by the English.|
|Murtough Magennis||M1399.11||M1399.11 Magennis (Murtough, the son of Murtough More), Lord of Iveagh, was slain by his own tribe.|
|Rory Magennis||M1400.4||M1400.4 Rory, the son of Art Magennis, Lord of Iveagh in Ulidia, was slain by the sons of Cu-Uladh O'Neill, assisted by Caffar Magennis, his own brother.|
|Hugh Magennis||M1407.10||M1407.10 Hugh Magennis, Lord of Iveagh, was slain by his own relatives and tribe.|
|Hugh Magennis||M1418.3, M1420.7||
M1418.3 Great depredations were committed by Lord Furnival upon Hugh Magennis, Lord of Iveagh, in Ulidia. Magennis and Mac-I-Neill Boy set out in pursuit of the English and the preys, and defeated them, after they had left the preys behind. Countless numbers of the English were slain and taken prisoners on this occasion by Magennis. M1420.7 The Earl of Ormond, Justiciary of Ireland, waged war with the Ultonians, to obtain dominion for O'Neill; and he reduced Magennis under submission to O'Neill, and delivered up his hostages to him.
|M1453.7||M1453.7 Cu-Uladh, the son of Cathbharr Magennis, heir to the lordship of Iveagh, Hugh Magennis, Mac Artan, and fifteen captains from the territory of the Route, were slain.|
|Hugh Magennis||M1493.12||The battle, at Beanna-Boirche. Magennis, i.e. Hugh, the son of Art, son of Hugh, joined the forces of the O'Neils against the O'Donnells.|
Other Ui-Eathachs, not to be confused with the Ui Eathach Cobha, are:
Ui Eachach of Airthir (of Airghialla), one the tribes of the loose federation known as the Airghialla, located in the district of Tuaghy in the barony of Armagh, to the south and west of what is now the City of Armagh. These Ui Eathach are thought to be descended from Colla da Chrioch. See my web pages: Airghialla, and Colla da Chrioch, First King of Oriel.
Ui Eathach Arda: M551.3 Feargna, son of Aenghus, King of Ulidia, was slain in the battle of Druim Cleithe, by Deman, son of Caireall, and by the Ui Eathach Arda. U703.1 The battle of Mag Cuilinn in Ard Ua nEchdach between the Ulaid and the Britons, in which Radgann's son, an enemy of God's churches, fell. The Ulaid were victors.
Ui Eathach Mumham: M1063.6 Cathal, son of Donnchadh, lord of Ui-Eathach-Mumhan, i.e. lord of Raithlinn, was killed by his own son, i.e. the Finnshuileach. U1063.3 Cathal ua Donnchada, over-king of Uí Echach of Mumu ... [was] killed. M1088.9 A great slaughter was made of the foreigners of Ath-cliath, Loch-Garman, and Port-Lairge, by the Ui-Eathach-Mumhan, on the day that they jointly attempted to plunder Corcach-Mumhan. U1088.4 A great slaughter was inflicted on the foreigners of Áth Cliath and Loch Carman and Port Láirge by the Uí Echach of Mumu on the day they intended to plunder Corcach.
Ui Eathach Droma Lighean: Eochaidh, a quo Ui-Eathach Droma-Lighean, is supposed to have descended from Domhnall [Domhnall, Dabhaill], King of Aileach, a younger brother of Nial Glundubh, Irish Kings #170, who ruled from 915 to 917. Eochaidh and Domhnall were sons of Aedh Finnliath, Irish Kings #169, who ruled from 861 to 876, and from whom descended the McLaughlins. From this Eochaidh descended the O'Donnellys: Eochaidh, a quo Ui-Eathach Droma-Lighean | Ceallach | Seschnasach | Donnghal, a quo O'Donnelly | Dobhailen | Ceallachan O'Donnelly | Donnghal O'Donnelly | Echtighern O'Donnelly | Gilla-Macliag O'Donnelly, chief of Fear Droma, slain at Down by Sir John De Courcy, A.D. 1177. From the pedigree for the O'Donnellys in the Appendix to O'Donovan's edition of the Annals of the Four Master. Notes on the Pedigree of the McLaughlins of Tirconnell.
Tochar Eatach: M894.7 Donnagan, son of Fogartach, Tanist of Tochar Eathach, died.
Eathach Cobha in county Down
Updated January 10, 2008
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