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Excerpts from Irish AnnalsUlidia, Ui Eathach Cobha, and Dal Araide
The following notes are excerpts from the Annals of the Four Masters (M) and the Annals of Ulster (U) that are helpful in determining the succession of kings and chiefs of Ulster up to 331 A.D., in Ulidia, Ui Eathach Cobha, and Dal Araide. I have often entered reports of the same event from both Annals to bring out additional facts or to show differences in reported dates or spellings. These entries are the basis of my web pages Kings of Ulsterto Colla da Chrioch, Kings of Ulidia, and Kings and Lords of Dal Araide. Some notes from O'Donovan's edition of the Annals of the Four Masters have been inserted.
M2550.1 These plains were cleared of wood; but it is not known in what particular years they were cleared: ... Magh Latharna, in Dal Araidhe.
M2859.2 These were the forts that were erected, the plains that were cleared, and the lakes that sprang forth, in the time of Neimhidh, but the precise years are not found for them: ... Magh Seimhne, in Dal Araidhe; ... Magh Macha, in Oirghialla; ...
M3510.2 The eruption of ... the Fregabhail, between Dal Araidhe and Dal Riada, this year. These are rivers.
M3529.2 "It was in the time of the same Irial [Irish Kings #10] that the clearing of the plains ... took place. These are the plains: ... Magh Cobh ... "
O'Donovan notes: "Magh-Cobha.This is placed in Ui-Eatach, i.e. Iveagh, in Ulster by Keating. See note u, under 1252."
M3549.2 It was in the reign of this Eithrial [Irish Kings #11] that these plains were cleared: ... Magh Roth, in Ui Eathach.
O'Donovan notes that Magh-roth was called Magh-rath by Keating. "This was the name of a plain in the present County of Down, the position of which is determined by the present village of Moira."
M4020.1 This was the first year of the reign of Sirna [Irish Kings #34], son of Dian, son of Deman, in the sovereignty of Ireland. It was this Sirna, son of Dian, that wrested the government of Teamhair Tara from the Ulta, i.e. the race of Ir. It was he, too, that revenged upon them the death of Roitheachtaigh mac Main, whom they had slain at Cruachain; so that Bearnghal, son of Gedhe Ollghothach, and Oilioll, son of Slanoll, fell by him.
M10.1 The first year of the reign of Cairbre Cinncait [Irish Kings #101], after he had killed the nobility, except a few who escaped from the massacre in which the nobles were murdered by the Aitheach Tuatha. These are the three nobles who escaped from them at that time: ... Tibraide Tireach, from whom are the Dal Araidhe; ... And as to these, it was in their mothers' wombs they escaped. ... Aine, daughter of the king of Saxony, was the mother of Tibraide Tireach.
Was this the Tibraite Tireach, son of Mal, son of Rochariadhe, who was king of Ulster in 157? See Ulster Kings.
M106.1 Tuathal Teachtmhar [chief of Meath, Irish Kings #106] after having been thirty years in the sovereignty of Ireland, was slain by Mal, son of Rochraidhe, King of Ulster, in Magh Line, at Moin An Chatha, in Dal Araidhe, where the two rivers, Ollar and Ollarbha, spring. Ceanngubha is the name of the hill on which he was killed ...
M157.1 Conn of the Hundred Battles [Irish Kings #110], after having been thirty five years in the sovereignty of Ireland, was slain by Tibraite Tireach, son of Mal, son of Rochraidhe, King of Ulster, at Tuath Amrois.
M262.2 The battle of Crionna Fregabhail was fought by Cormac against the Ulstermen, where fell Aenghus Finn, son of Fearghus Duibhdeadach i.e. the Black Toothed, King of Ulster, with the slaughter of the Ulstermen about him.
M267.1 Eochaidh Gonnat [Irish Kings #116]in the sovereignty of Ireland, when he fell by Lughaidh Meann, son of Aenghus, one of the Ulstermen.
M331.2 The battle of Achadh Leithdheirg, in Fearnmhagh [the barony of Farney in county Monaghan], was fought by the three Collas against the Ulstermen, in which fell Fearghus Fogha, son of Fraechar Foirtriun, the last king of Ulster, [who resided] at Eamhain. They afterwards burned Eamhain, and the Ulstermen did not dwell therein since. They also took from the Ulstermen that part of the province [extending] from the Righe [the Newry River] and Loch nEathach [Loch Neagh] westwards. Colla Meann fell in this battle.
M356.1 After Muireadhach Tireach [Irish Kings #122] had been thirty years in the sovereignty of Ireland, he was slain by Caelbhadh, son of Crunn, King of Uladh, at Portrigh, over Dabhall.
O'Donovan notes: "Kings of Uladh.Henceforward Uladh is applied to the circumscribed territory of the ancient Ulstermen."
M478.1 After Oilioll Molt [Irish Kings #129], son of Dathi, son of Fiachra, had been twenty years in the sovereignty of Ireland, he was slain in the battle of Ocha, by Lughaidh, son of Laeghaire, Muircheartach Mac Earca, Fearghus Cerrbhel, son of Conall Cremththainne, Fiachra, son of Laeghaire, King of Dal Araidhe, and Cremhthann, son of Enna Cennsealach, King of Leinster. It was on this occasion that the Lee and Cairloegh were given to Fiachra as a territorial reward for the battle. It was of this battle Beg Mac De said:
1] The great battle of Ocha was fought,
2] In which many battalions were cut off,
3] Against Oilioll Molt, son of Nathi,
4] Who was defeated by the Dal Araidhe.
U483.2 Or, this year the battle of Ocha according to others, won by Muirchertach Mac Erca and by Fergus Cerball son of Conall of Cremthann, and by Fiachra Lon son of the king of Dál nAraide.
M503.2 Eochaidh, son of Muireadhach Muindearg, King of Uladh, died.
O'Donovan notes: "King of Uladh: i.e. of Ulidia; bounded on the west by Glenn-Righe, Lough Neagh, and the lower Bann."
M526.4 Cairell, son of Muireadhach Muindearg, King of Ulidia, died.
M547.2 The King of Ulidia, Eochaidh, son of Connla, son of Caelbhadh, son of Crunn Badhrai, died.
O'Donovan notes that the Annals of Ulster more correctly place this death in 552. and quotes the Annals of Clonmanoise: "A.D. 550. Ahagh Mac Conlay, King of Ulster, of whom Ivehagh is called."
M548.9 The death of Eochaidh, son of Connlo, son of Caelbhadh, son of Crunn Badhrai, King of Ulidia, from whom are the Ui Eathach Uladh.
As a footnote to this entry, O'Donovan defines Ui-Eachach-Uladh: "i.e. nepotes Eochidii Ulidiae. These were the inhabitants of the baronies of Iveagh, in the county of DownSee Ecclesiastical Antiquities of Down and Connor and Dromore, by the Rev. Wm. Reeves, M.B., pages 348 to 352." He also notes: "The Editor shall henceforward use Ulidia for Uladh, when it denotes the portion of the province of Uladh, or Ulster, lying east of the River Bann, and Gleann-Righe, to distinguish it from the whole province."
U553.1 Death of Eochu son of Conlaed i.e. king of Ulaid, in whom the Uí Echach Ulad originate.
U557.1 Death of Fergna or Fiacha descendant of Ibdach, king of Ulaid.
M558.1 After Diarmaid [Irish Kings #133], the son of Fearghus Cerrbheoil, had been twenty years in sovereignty over Ireland, he was slain by Aedh Dubh, son of Suibhne, King of Dal Araidhe, at Rath Beag, in Magh Line. His head was brought to Cluain Mic Nois, and interred there, and his body was interred at Connor.
U558.4 Death of Eochu son of Conlaed, king of Ulaid.
M565.2 Deman, son of Cairell, King of Ulidia, son of Muireadhach Muindearg, was killed by the shepherds of Boirenn.
U565.1 The slaying of Diarmait son of Cerball i.e. by Aed Dub son of Suibne.
U577.5 The first expedition of the Ulaid to Man(?).
U578.2 The return of the Ulaid from Man(?).
M585.3 Baetan, son of Cairell, King of Ulidia, died.
U587.3 Or here the death of Baetán son of Cairell, king of Ulaid.
U588.4 The conversion of Constantine to the Lord; and a great snowfall; and the slaying of Áed Dub son of Suibne, in a ship.
M592.3 Aedh Dubh, son of Suibhne, king of Ulidia, was slain by Fiachna, son of Baedan. It was by this Aedh Dubh [that] Diarmid Mac Cearbhail had been slain.
U597.2 The battle of Sliab Cua in the territories of Mumu, in which Fiachna son of Baetán was victor. [Fiachna was a king of Ulaid]
U611.1 The army of the Ulaid was struck by terrible thunder in Bairche.
M622.5 The battle of Lethed Midinn, at Drung, was fought by Fiachna, son of Deman, Lord of Dal Fiatach, against Fiachna, son of Baedan, King of Ulidia. The battle was gained over Fiachna, son of Baedan, and he fell therein.
M624.6 The battle of Ard Corainn was gained by Connadh Cerr, Lord of Dal Riada, where Fiachna, son of Deman, King of Ulidia, was slain.
U626.1 The battle of Leithet Midind in which Fiachna of Lurga fell. Fiachna son of Demán was victor. [Fiacha, son of Deman, was a king of Ulidia.]
M634.4 The battle of Magh Rath was gained by Domhnall, son of Aedh, and the sons of Aedh Slaine, over Congal Claen, son of Scannlan, King of Ulidia, where fell Congal, and the Ulidians and foreigners along with him.
M643.2 Dunchadh, son of Fiachna, son of Deman, King of Ulidia, died.
M646.3 Maelcobha, son of Fiachna, son of Deman, King of Ulidia, was slain by Congal Ceannfoda, son of Dunchadha.
U647.1 Mael Cobo son of Fiachna, king of Ulaid, was killed.
O'Hart lists Maolchobha as #15 on his list of the Kings of Ulidia. He says he is the same person as Maelcobha, Irish Kings #144, whom the Annals of the four Masters says ruled from 608 to 610. SS#9137.
M656.3 Blathmac, son of Maelcobha, King of Ulidia, died.
M665.4 Maelcaeich, son of Scannal, chief of the Cruithne of Dal Araidhe of the race of Ir, died.
M666.5 Blathmac, son of Maelcobha, King of Ulidia, died.
U668.2 The battle of Fertas between the Ulaid and the Cruithin, in which Cathusach son of Luirgéne fell.
M673.3 Congal Ceannfoda, son of Dunchadh, King of Ulidia, was slain by Beag Boirrche.
U674.1 The killing of Congal Cennfhatar son of Dúnchad, king of Ulaid. Béc of Bairche killed him.
In 637 in the battle of Magh Rath, Domhnall, Irish Kings #146, defeated Congal, king of the Dal nAraide and Ulster, who was the nephew and agent of King Domnal Brecc of Dal Riada, Scots Kings #11, and thus ended the control of the kings of Dal Riada over their Irish possessions, including the ability to collect taxes.
M680.4 The battle of Rath Mor Maighe Line was gained over the Britons, wherein were slain Cathasach, son of Maelduin, chief of the Cruithni Dal Araidhe, and Ultan, son of Dicolla.
M683.4 Breasal, son of Fearghus, chief of Cobha, died.
O'Donovan notes: "Of Cobha: i.e. of Ui-Eathach-Cobha, the present baronies of Iveagh, in the County of Down."
M689.3 Fearghus, son of Lodan, King of Ulidia, was slain by the Ui Eachdhach [people of Iveagh].
U691.3 The Dál Riata despoiled the Cruithin and the Ulaid.
U692.3 Fergus son of Aedán, king of the Province of Ulster, died.
M696.3 A battle was fought at Tulach Garraisg, in Fearnmhagh, wherein were slain ... Aedh Aired, chief of Dal Araidhe.
U702.4 Maicnia king of Uí Echach Ulad and Ailill son of Cenn Faelad, king of Ciannachta, died. [Maccnia, rex Nepotum Echdach Ulath]
M704.6 Beg Boirche, King of Ulidia, took a pilgrim's staff, and died on his pilgrimage at the end of twelve years afterwards.
M706.2 Cucuaran, King of the Cruithni and of Ulidia, was killed by Finnchu hUa Ronain.
M712.2 A battle was fought between the two sons of Beg Boirche and the sons of Breasal, chiefs of Ui Eathach Uladh [Iveagh]; and the victory was gained over the sons of Breasal.
U714.7 A battle between two sons of Béc of Bairche and Bresal's son, king of Uí Echach, and the victors therein were Béc's sons.
U727.3 The encounter of Irros Foichnae between Selbach and the 'family' of Echaid, grandson of Domnall, in which some of the Airgialla fell.
U731.2 Echaid's entry into clerical life.
M732.10 The battle of Fochart [Faughart in the county of Louth, about two miles north of Dundalk], in Magh Muirtheimhne [was fought] by Aedh Allan and the Clanna Neill of the North, against the Ulidians, where Aedh Roin, King of Ulidia, was slain; and his head was cut off on Cloch An Chommaigh, in the doorway of the church of Fochard; and Conchadh, son of Cuanach, chief of Cobha, was also slain, and many others along with him.
O'Donovan notes: "Cobha.Otherwise called Magh-Cobha, a plain in Iveagh, in County Down."
M733.3 Breasal, son of Aedh Roin, King of Ulidia, was slain at Dun Celtchair.
U733.6 The slaying of Echaid of Coba, son of Bresal
U734.8 An encounter in Mag Itha between Flaithbertach son of Loingsech and Fergal's son—Aed Allán—in which the Uí Echdach of Cenél Eógain and others fell.
M734.5 Fearghus Glut, chief of Cobha, died. It appeared to him that wicked and destructive people used to cast spits, in which they put charms, in his face, which was the cause of his death.
U735.2 A battle in the territory of Muirtheimne between the Uí Néill and the Ulaid, in which Aed Rón, king of Ulaid, and Conchad son of Cuanu, king of Cuib, fell.
Aodh Roin is #21 on O'Hart's list of the Kings of Ulidia. SS#9102.
M739.6 The sea cast ashore a whale in Boirche, in the province of Ulster. Every one in the neighbourhood went to see it for its wondrousness. When it was slaughtered, three golden teeth were found in its head, each of which teeth contained fifty ounces. Fiachna, son of Aedh Roin, King of Ulidia, and Eochaidh, son of Breasal, chief of Ui Eathach [Iveagh], sent a tooth of them to Beannchair, where it remained for a long time on the altar, to be seen by all in general.
O"Donovan notes: "Boirche.This was the ancient name of the Mourne mountains, in the south of the County of Down. Giraldus Cambensis, referring to this wonderful fish, says that it was cast ashore at Carlingfordia, now Carlingford, which is opposite the Mourne mountains ..." See: Where the Mountains of Mourne Sweep Down to the Sea Ballymageogh and Slievemageogh in County Down.Fiachna is #23 on O'Hart's list of the Kings of Ulidia. SS#9101.
M748.5 Scannlan, of Dun Lethglaise Downpatrick, died.
M749.9 Cathasach, son of Ailell, King of Ulidia, was slain at Rath Bethech.
U750.10 The killing of Fiachra son of Ailéne, king of Mugdorna, and of Bresal son of Aed Rón. [Bresal and Aed Ron were kings of Ulidia.]
M756.5 The battle of Ath Dumha was fought between the Ulidians and Ui Eathach [people of Iveagh], in which Ailill, son of Feidhlimidh, lord of Ui Eathach, was slain.
U761.2 The battle of Áth Duma between the Ulaid and the Uí Echach, in which Ailill son of Feidlimid fell.
M771.12 A battle was fought between the Dal Araidhe themselves at Sliabh Mis, in which Nia, son of Cucongalt, was slain.
M771.14 The battle of Ath Dumha was fought between the Airtheara and the Ui Eachdhach Cobha, in which Gormghal, son of Conall Crai, lord of Cobha [the Ui-Eachdach-Cobha, the people of Iveagh in county Down], was slain.
M771.13 Another battle was fought between the Dal Araidhe, by Eochaidh, son of Fiachna, and Tomaltach, son of Innreachtach, where Cinaedh Ciarrge, son of Cathasach, and Dunghal Ua Fearghusa, and others besides them, were slain.
U776.7 The battle of Drong again in the same year between the Dál nAraidi, in which Cinaed of Carraic son of Cathasach, and Dúngal grandson of Fergus Forcraidh fell. Tomaltach son of Indrechtach, and Echaid son of Fiachna, were victors.
Tomaltach, son of Inrachta, is #25, and Eocha, the son of Fiachna, is #24, on O'Hart's list of kings of Ulidia. Eocha is SS# 9100. His father, Fiachna, is SS#9101.
U776.9 The battle of Áth Duma between Int Airthir and Uí Echach Coba, in which Gormgal son of Conall Cru, king of Cuib, fell.
M779.12 Coisenmhech Ua Predene, lord of Ui Eathach Uladh [Iveagh] died.
U784.2 Coisenmech grandson of Predéne, king of Uí Echach Ulad ... died.
M781.13 A battle [was fought] between the Ui-Eachach [people of Iveagh] and the Conaille [inhabitants of the flat part of county Louth], in which Cathrae, chief of Mughdhorna [Cremorne], and Rimidh, son of Cearnach, were slain.
U784.2 Coisenmech. grandson of Predéne, king of Uí Echach Ulad, died.
M785.7 Fiachna, son of Aedh Roin, King of Ulidia, died.
U786.7 The battle of Cenu between the Uí Echach and the Conaille, in which fell Cathrua, king of Mugdorna, and Rímid, son of Cernach.
M787.8 Tomaltach, son of Innreachtach, King of Ulidia, was slain by Eochaidh, son of Fiachna.
M787.9 Breasal, son of Flathrai, lord of Dal Araidhe ... died.
U789.2 Fiachna son of Aed Rón, king of Ulaid, dies.
Fiachan is #23 on O'Hart's list of the Kings of Ulidia. SS#9101.
U789.9 A battle between the Ulaid themselves in which Tomaltach son of Cathal fell. Echaid was victor.
U790.6 A great slaughter of the Ulaid by the Dál nAraidi.
M790.9 Cathasach, son of Toirpthea, lord of Ui Eathach [Iveagh], died.
M796.9 A battle between the Ulidians and the Ui Eathach Cobha, wherein Eochaidh, son of Ailell, lord of Cobha [Iveagh], was slain.
U801.3 A battle between the Ulaid and the Uí Echach Cobha, in which Echu son of Ailill, king of Cuib, fell, and on the opposing side in battle Cairell son of Cathal fell; and his army was victorious.
M803.5 Cinaedh, son of Conchobhar, was slain at Magh Cobha, by the Cruithni [of Dal Araidhe].
U808.5 The killing of Cinaed son of Conchobor in Mag Cobo by the Cruithin.
M808.6 Dunlaing, son of Flannchaidh, lord of Ui Eathach, died.
M807.8 Eochaidh, son of Fiachna, son of Aedh Roin, and Caireall, his brother, gave battle to each other, in which Eochaidh was defeated.
U809.9 A battle among the Ulaid between two sons of Fiachna. Cairill was victor. Echaid escaped.
U810.1 Echaid, son of Fiachna, king of Ulaid, died.
M816.6 A battle between the Ulidians themselves, in which Caireall, son of Fiachna, King of Ulidia, was slain by Muireadhach, son of Eochaidh.
U819.4 A skirmish between the Ulaid themselves, in which Cairell son of Fiachna fell and Muiredach son of Eochu was victor.
Carioll, son of Fiachna, is listed as #26 on O'Hart's Kings of Ulidia.
Muredach, son of Eachdan, is listed as #28 of O'Hart's Kings of Ulidia.
M822.6 Eochaidh, son of Breasal, lord of Dal Araidhe of the North, was slain by his own people.
U824.7 Eochaid son of Bresal, king of Dál Araidi of the North, was killed by his associates.
M823.19 Maelbreasail, son of Ailell Cobha, lord of Dal Araidhe, died.
M825.5 ... Niall mustered his forces, namely, the races of Conall and Eoghan; and Cumusgach, lord of Airghialla, and Muireadhach, son of Eochadh, lord of Ui Eathach Uladh, mustered the Airghialla and the Ulidians; and a spirited battle was fought between them, i. e. the battle of Leithi Cam [in the parish of Kilmore about three miles east of Armagh], in Magh Enir ... the victory was gained over the troops of Aileach, by the Airghialla, on the two first days; but on the third day, when Niall himself came into the battle at Leithi Luin, in the vicinity of Leithi Cam, the Airghialla were defeated, cut down, and pursued to Craebh Caille [probably Kilcreeve in the parish of Derrynoose in the barony and county of Armagh], over the Callainn [River Callan, which flows through the barony and county of Armagh, and unites with the Blackwater near Charlemont], to the west of Ard Macha; and the battle was gained over the Ulidians and Airghialla, and a slaughter made of them.
M826.10 A battle was gained by Leathlobhar, son of Loingseach, King of Ulidia, over the foreigners.
U827.4 The battle of Leth Cam won by Niall son of Aed against the Uí Chremthainn and Muiredach son of Echaid, king of Ulaid, in which fell Cumuscach and Congalach, two sons of Cathal, and many other kings of the Airgialla.
M831.8 Cinaedh, son of Eochaidh, lord of Dal Araidhe of the North, was slain.
M841.3 Ceallach, son of Caithghenn, Abbot of Druim Mor [Dromore, a market town on the River Lagan], in Ui Eathach, died.
U842.12 Cellach son of Cathgein, abbot of Druim Mór in Uí Echach, fell asleep.
M844.6 Donnchadh, son of Amhalghadh, lord of Ui Eathach [died].
M847.15 Flannagan, son of Eochaidh, lord of North Dal Araidhe, was slain by the Cinel Eoghain.
M851.8 Cathmal, son of Tomaltach, half king of Ulidia, was killed by the foreigners.
U851.5 A royal conference in Ard Macha, between Mael Sechnaill, accompanied by the nobles of Leth Cuinn, and Matudán with the nobles of Conchobor's Province, and Diarmait and Fethgna with the congregation of Patrick, and Suairlech with the clerics of Mide.
M851.12 Cearnach, son of Maelbreasail, lord of Cobha, died.
U853.6 Cathmal son of Tomaltach, one of two kings of Ulaid, was killed by the Norsemen.
M855.5 Matudan, son of Muireadhach, King of Ulidia, died in religion.
U857.3 Matudán son of Muiredach, king of Ulaid, dies.
Madudhan, son of Muredach, is listed as #29 in O'Hart's Kings of Ulidia.
M862.6 A great victory was gained by the king, Aedh Finnliath, and by Flann, son of Conang, over Anbhith, son of Aedh, King of Ulidia, with the Ulidians, in the territory of Conaille Cerd.
U864.3 Aed son of Niall and Flann son of Conaing gained a great victory over Ainbíth son of Aed and the Ulaid in the territory of the descendants of Conall the Craftsman.
Aedith, son of Aodh, is list as #31 in O'Hart's list of Kings of Ulidia.
M864.3 A complete muster of the North was made by Aedh Finnliath [Irish Kings #168], so that he plundered the fortresses of the foreigners, wherever they were in the North, both in Cinel Eoghain and Dal Araidhe; and he carried off their cattle and accoutrements, their goods and chattles. The foreigners of the province came together at Loch Feabhail Mic Lodain. After Aedh, King of Ireland, had learned that this gathering of strangers was on the borders of his country, he was not negligent in attending to them, for he marched towards them with all his forces; and a battle was fought fiercely and spiritedly on both sides between them. The victory was gained over the foreigners, and a slaughter was made of them. Their heads were collected to one place, in presence of the king; and twelve score heads were reckoned before him, which was the number slain by him in that battle, besides the numbers of them who were wounded and carried off by him in the agonies of death, and who died of their wounds some time afterwards.
M869.9 Cathal, son of Innreachtach, half king of Ulidia, was killed at the request of the king, Aedh.
U871.1 Cathalán son of Indrechtach, one of two kings of Ulaid, was deceitfully killed at the instigation of Aed.
M875.5 Gairbhith, son of Maeilbrighde, lord of Conaille, was beheaded by the Ui Eathach.
M871.8 Leathlobhar, son of Loingseach, King of Ulidia, died, after a good life.
U878.3 Gairbíth son of Mael Brigte, king of Conaille, was beheaded by the Uí Echach.
U878.4 Cumuscach son of Muiredach, king of Uí Chremthainn, was killed by the Ulaid.
M879.9 A battle was gained by the Conaille Muirtheimhne, with their lord Gibhleachan, over the Ulidians, wherein fell Ainbhith, son of Aedh, King of Ulidia; and Conallan, son of Maelduin, lord of Cobha; and other nobles along with them.
M880.4 Aenghus, son of Maelduin, heir apparent of the North, was beheaded by the Dal Araidhe.
M881.12 Ainbhith, son of Aedh, son of Madagan, King of Ulidia, was slain by the Conaille Muir Theimhne
U882.4 A skirmish between the Conaille of Muirtheimne and the Maid, in which fell Ainfíth son of Aed king of Ulaid, and Conallán son of Mael Dúin, king of Cuib, and other nobles. The Conaille were victors.
U883.6 Eochucán son of Aed, one of two kings of Ulaid, was killed by the sons of Ainfíth son of Aed.
M882.12 Eochagan, son of Aedh, son of Madagan, King of Ulidia, was slain by the sons of Ainbhith, son of Aedh.
M885.18 Eremhon, son of Aedh, King of Ulidia, was slain by Eloir, son of Iargni, one of the Norsemen.
U886.1 Éiremón son of Aed, one of two kings of Ulaid, was killed by Eolóir son of Iergne.
Eremon, son of Aodh, is listed as #33 on O'Hart's list of Kings of Ulidia.
U886.3 Fiachna son of Ainfíth, king of Ulaid, was killed by his associates.
O'Hart list Fiachna, son of Anbith, as #35 in his list of the Kings of Ulidia.
M886.12 Fiachna, son of Ainbhith, King of Ulidia, was killed by the Ulidians themselves.
M889.6 Becc, son of Erimhon, King of Ulidia, was slain by Ateidh, son of Laighne.
M890.7 Muireadhach, son of Eochagan, King of Ulidia, was slain by Adith, son of Loegne.
M892.9 A battle was gained at Rath Cro by Maelfinnia, son of Flannagan, over Aiddeidh, son of Laighne, and over the Dal Araidhe, in which were slain Muireadhach, son of Maeleitigh, lord of Dal Araidhe, and Ainniarraidh, son of Maelmoicheirghe, son of Innreachtach, lord of Leath Chathail, with three hundred along with them; and Aiddeidh escaped, severely wounded
M894.8 A slaughter was made of the Conailli by the Ui Eachach, in which fell the two sons of Gairbhith, i.e. the son of Eitigh, and Maelmoghna.
U895.4 Muiredach son of Eochucán, one of two kings of Ulaid, was killed by Aidíth son of Laigne.
O'Hart lists Muredach, son of Eachagan, as #40 on his list of Kings of Ulidia. SS#9222.
U896.4 Mael Mochéirge son of Indrechtach, one of two kings of Ulaid, was killed by his associates.
U897.2 Mael Finnia, son of Flannacán, inflicted a battle-rout on the Ulaid and Dál nAraidi, in which many fell, including the king of Dál Araidi, i.e. Muiredach son of Mac Étigh, and Mael Mochéirge son of Indrechtach, king of Leth Cathail. Aidíth son of Laigne was wounded and escaped.
M897.3 Aididh, son of Luighne, King of Ulidia, was slain by one of his own tribe, i.e. by Maelbairne.
U898.1 Aidíth son of Laigne, king of Ulaid, was deceitfully killed by his associates.
M899.12 There was a conflict and dissension, about Whitsuntide, at Ard Macha, between the Cinel Eoghain and the Ulidians, i.e. between Atteidh, son of Laighne, and Flaithbheartach, son of Murchadh; but Maelbrighde, successor of Patrick, separated them afterwards. After this Maelbrighde obtained reparation for the violation of Patrick's law, from the fifth part of Ireland, i.e. from the province of Ulster, together with the delivery of their hostages, namely, thirty times seven cumhals, and four of the Ulidians to be hanged, and as many more from the Cinel Eoghain.
M904.6 Bec Ua Leathlobhair, lord of Dal-Araidhe, died. Of him was said:
1] Awful news that now disperses those ships of the sea that have braved many dangers and perils,
2] That no longer lives the golden scion, the sage, the beloved, the famed chieftain of Tuagh-inbhir.
M908.7 A battle was gained by the foreigners over a crew or fleet of Ulidians, in the region of Saxonland i.e. in England, where many were slain with Cumascach, son of Maelmoicheirghe, Tanist of Leath-Cathail.
M910.3 A hosting of the Fochla, and of all Ulidia, with Niall Glundubh, son of Aedh, into Meath, as far as Greallach-Eillte, where they were there defeated by Flann Sinna and his sons, and some of their friends slain, together with Fearghal, son of Aenghus, son of Maelduin; Maelmordha, son of Eremhon, son of Aedh, of the Ulidians
M911.3 Maelbrighde, son of Geibhleachan, lord of Conaille, was slain by the Ui-Eathach, in the fourth month after his having taken the chieftainship.
M912.3 An army was led by Niall, son of Aedh Finnliath, into Dal-Araidhe, in the month of June precisely. Loingseach Ua Leathlobhair, lord of Dal-Araidhe, met them at Freghabhail where he was defeated by Niall; and he lost his brother in the conflict, i. e. Flathrua Ua Leathlobhair.
M912.4 Aedh, son of Eochagan, king of the province, and Loingseach Ua Leathlobhair, afterwards pursued them to Carn-Ereann, where Niall again defeated them, and where Cearran, son of Colman, chief of Cinel-Mailche, and the son of Allacan, son of Lachten, were slain, and Dubhghall, son of Aedh, son of Eochagan, was severely wounded; and great numbers of the Ulidians were slain in the pursuit besides these distinguished men. A peace was afterwards, on the Calends of November, made at Tealach-Og, between Niall, lord of Aileach, and Aedh, King of the province.
U913.5 The heathens inflicted a battle-rout on the crew of a new fleet of the Ulaid, on the coast of England, and many fell, including Cumuscach son of Mael Mocheirgi, son of the king of Leth Cathail.
U914.2 Mael Brigte son of Giblechán, king of Conaille, was mortally wounded by the Uí Echach in the fourth month of his reign.
U914.3 Niall son of Aed [Niall Glundubh, Irish Kings #170] made an expedition into Dál Araidi in the month of June. Loingsech grandson of Lethlabar, king of Dál Araidi, came upon him at Fregabal and was defeated, and left behind on his retreat Flathruae grandson of Lethlabar, his kinsman. Aed son of Eochucán, king of the Province, and Loingsech, king of Dál Araidi, met them again at Carn Éirenn and were defeated. Cerrán p.363 son of Colman, chief of Cenél Maelchi, and the son of Allacán son of Laíchthechán, and others, were left behind. Aed, however, returning from the flight with a very few, and fiercely resisting during the flight, wiped out some of Niall's soldiers. His son Dubgall was wounded and escaped.
M917.6 Aedh, son of valiant Eochaidh of Ulidia, fell in battle [against the foreignersalong with Niall Glundubh, Irish Kings #170].
M923.4 Dubhghall, son of Aedh, King of Ulidia, was slain by the Ulidians, i.e. by the Cinel-Maelche.
M924.4 A victory was gained by Muircheartach, son of Niall, and the Ulidians.
U925.2 Dubgall son of Aed, king of Ulaid, was killed by his own people.
M930.5 Flann, son of Maelfinnia, lord of Breagh, was slain by one of the Ui-Eathach, i.e. by Cummascach, son of Egceartach.
M930.9 Torolbh the Earl was killed by Muircheartach, son of Niall, and the Dal-Araidhe.
M931.7 Matadhan, son of Aedh, with the inhabitants of the province of Ulidia, and Amhlaeibh, son of Godfrey, with the foreigners, spoiled and plundered the province of Ulster as far as Sliabh-Beatha to the west, and as far as Mucnamha to the east; but they were overtaken by Muircheartach, son of Niall, and a battle was fought between them, in which he defeated them; and they left with him two hundred heads cut off, besides prisoners and spoils.
M941.8 Ceallach, son of Bec, lord of Dal-Araidhe, was killed at Oentrobh by his own tribe.
M947.7 Madudhan, son of Aedh, son of Eochagan, King of Ulidia, was slain by the Ulidians themselves.
M948.13 Madudhan, son of Aedh, King of Ulidia, was killed by the Ulidians themselves.
U950.4 Matudán son of Aed was killed by the Uí Echach, i.e. by the sons of Bran, but God avenged him within a short time by bringing about their deaths.
M956.6 Domhnall Mac Aenghusa (Daniel Magennis), lord of Ui Eathach, died. O'Donovan notes that this is the first notice of the family of Magennis in the Irish annals.
M958.5 An army was led by Domhnall, son of Muircheartach, to Dal-Araidhe; and he carried away their hostages.
M959.7 Niall, son of Aedh, son of Eochagan, King of Ulidia, died.
M960.2 An army was led by Flaithbheartach, son of Conchobhar, lord of Oileach, into Dal-Araidhe, and he plundered Connor; but the Ulidians overtook him, so that Flaithbheartach and his two brothers, Tadhg and Conn, and many others along with them, were slain.
M965.7 Aedh Ua hAitidhe, King of Ui-Eathach-Cobha, was killed by his own tribe.
U967.4 Aed ua hAitid, king of Uí Echach, was killed by his own people.
M966.5 Flaithbheartach Ua Muireadhaigh, lord of Ui-Eatach, died.
M968.4 An army was led by the King of Ulidia, Artghal, son of Madudhan, against the foreigners; and he plundered Coindere, then in their possession, but left behind a number of heads
U970.3 The king of Ulaid, i.e. Ardgar son of Matudán, made an expedition with the foreigners and sacked Connaire, leaving a great many beheaded there.
Ardgal, son of Madudhan, is #44 on O'Hart's lists of the Kings of Ulidia.
U968.2 Muiredach, successor of Cainnech, and Flaithbertach son of Muiredach, king of Uí Echach, die.
U970.4 The battle of Cell Móna was won by Domnall son of Congalach and Amlaíb against Domnall ua Néill, and there fell there Ardgar son of Matudán, king of Ulaid, and Donnacán son of Mael Muire king of Airgialla, and Cinaed son of Cróngall, king of Conaille, and very many others.
U971.3 Niall son of Aed, king of Ulaid, dies.
O'Hart lists Niall, son of Eocha, as #48 in his list of Kings of Ulidia.
U972.1 A battle between the Ulaid and the Dál Araidi in which fell the king of the Province, i.e. Aed son of Loingsech, and others.
M976.7 The battle of Cill-mona was gained by Domhnall, son of Conghalach, and Amhlaeibh, over the king, Domhnall Ua Neill, wherein fell Ardghal, son of Madadhan, King of Ulidia; Donnagan, son of Maelmuire; and Cinaedh, son of Croinghille, lord of Conaille, with a large number besides them.
M977.4 Leathlobhar Ua Fiachna, lord of Dal-Araidhe, was killed.
M978.3 A battle between the Ulidians and Dal-Araidhe, wherein the king of the province, i.e. Aedh, son of Loingseach, and many others, were slain by Eochaidh, son of Ardgar [of the Dal-Araidhe].
M979.5 A great army was led by Maelseachlainn, son of Domhnall, King of Ireland, and by Eochaidh, son of Ardgar, King of Ulidia, against the foreigners of Ath-cliath.
M980.3 Domhnall Ua hAiteidh, lord of Ui-Eathach, and Loingseach, son of Foghartach, chief of Ui-Niallain, mutually fell by each other.
M981.1 Archu, son of Niall, royal heir of Ulidia, was slain by his kinsmen.
U981.1 Domnall ua hAitid, king of Uí Echach, and Loingsech son of Fogartach, king of Uí Nialláin, fell by one another.
M985.5 A great contention at Ard-Macha, on the Sunday before Lammas, between the Ui-Eathach and the Ui-Niallain, wherein the son of Trenfhear, son of Celechan, and many others, were slain.
M985.9 Flathrui Ua Loingsigh, lord of Dal-Araidhe, was slain by his own tribe.
M985.10 Domhnall, son of Amhalgaidh, Tanist of Ulidia, died.
U986.1 A great disturbance in Ard Macha on the Sunday 25 July before Lammas between the Uí Echach and the Uí Nialláin, and in it the son of Trénar son of Celecán and others fell.
M988.5 Eochaidh, son of Ardghar, King of Ulidia, went upon an expedition into Cinel-Eoghain, and lost Ua h-Aitidhe.
U989.6 Eochaid son of Ardgar, king of Ulaid, went on an expedition to Cenél Eógain, and left behind ua hAitid dead.
O'Hart lists Eocha, son of Ardgal, as #46 in his list of the Kings of Ulidia. In U1004.5, it is noted that Eochaid son of Ardgar, king of Ulaid, and his kinsman Dub Tuinne, and his two sons, Cú Duilig and Domnall, fell in the battle of Craeb Tulcha between the Ulaid and the Cenél Eógain.
M992.7 Cleircen, son of Maelduin, lord of Ui-Eathach, was slain. [See Explanation of the Clarkin Name by David Larkin.]
U993.6 Cléirchéne son of Mael Dúin, king of Uí Echach, was killed by his own people.
U999.7 Aed son of Domnall plundered Uí Echach and took away a great tribute in cows—i.e. the great raid of Mag Coba.
M998.6 The plundering of Ui-Eathach by Aedh, son of Domhnall, so that he carried off a great cattle spoil; and this was called the great prey of Magh-Cobha.
M1001.10 Aedh, son of Domhnall Ua Neill, heir apparent to the sovereignty of Ireland, and Eochaidh, son of Ardghar, King of Ulidia, with the Ulidians, Cinel-Conaill, Cinel-Eoghain, and Airghialla, repaired to the same place to meet them, and did not permit them to advance further, so that they separated in peace, without hostages or booty, spoils or pledges.
M1003.12 The battle of Craebh-tulcha [probably a place now called Crewe near Glenavy in the barony of Upper Massarene, in county Antrim], between the Ulidians and the Cinel-Eoghain, in which the Ulidians were defeated. In this battle were slain Eochaidh, son of Ardghair, King of Ulidia, and Dubhtuinne, his brother; and the two sons of Eochaidh, i.e. Cuduiligh and Domhnall; Gairbhidh, lord of Ui-Eathach; Gillapadraig, son of Tomaltach; Cumuscach, son of Flathrai; Dubhshlangha, son of Aedh; Cathal, son of Etroch; Conene, son of Muircheartach; and the most part of the Ulidians in like manner; and the battle extended as far as Dun-Eathach and Druim-bo. O'Donovan notes that Dun-Eatach is now Duneight in the parish of Blaris, or Lisburn, on the River Lagan; and that Druim-bo (hill of the cow) is now Dunbo, a townland containing the ruins of an ancient Irish round tower, in the parish of Dunbo in the barony of Upper Castlereagh in the county of Down.
U1004.5 The battle of Craeb Tulcha between the Ulaid and the Cenél Eógain, i.e. on Thursday the 18th of the Kalends, of October 14th Sept., and the Ulaid were defeated; and therein fell Eochaid son of Ardgar, king of Ulaid, and his kinsman Dub Tuinne, and his two sons, Cú Duilig and Domnall; and there was also a slaughter of the army, both noble and base Gairbíth king of Uí Echach, and Gilla Pátraic son of Tomaltach, and Cumuscach son of Flathroí, and Dub Slánga son of Aed, and Cathalán son of Étrú, and Coinéne son of Muirchertach, as well as the elite of the Ulaid; and the combat ranged as far as Dún Echdach and Druim Bó.
M1004.7 Gillacomhghaill, son of Ardghar, and his son, and two hundred along with them, were slain by Maelruanaidh, son of Ardghar, contending for the kingdom of Ulidia.
M1004.8 A hosting by Brian [Irish Kings #175], son of Ceinneidigh, with the men of the south of Ireland, into Cinel-Eoghain and Ulidia, to demand hostages. They proceeded through Meath, where they remained a night at Tailltin. They afterwards marched northwards, and remained a week at Ard-Macha; and Brian left twenty ounces of gold as an offering upon the altar of Ard-Macha. After that they went into Dal-Araidhe, and carried off the pledges of the Dal-Araidhe and Dal-Fiatach in general.
M1004.12 A battle was gained at Loch-Bricrenn [Loughbrickland, a small town near a lough of the same name in the barony of Upper Iveagh, in the county of Down], by Flaithbheartach, over the Ui-Eathach and the Ulidians, where Artan, royal heir of Ui-Eathach, was slain.
U1005.2 Gilla Comgaill, king of Ulaid, was killed by Mael Ruanaid, his own brother.
U1005.6 A rout of the Ulaid and of the Uí Echach at Loch Bricrenn, in which Artán, heir designate of Uí Echach, fell.
M1005.7 Echmhilidh Ua hAitidhe, lord of Ui-Eathach, was slain by the Ulidians themselves.
M1005.8 A great army was led by Brian [Irish Kings #175], son of Ceinneidigh, into Cinel-Conaill and Cinel-Eoghain, to demand hostages. The route they took was through the middle of Connaught, over Eas-Ruaidh, through the middle of Tir-Conaill, through Cinel-Eoghain, over Feartas Camsa, into Dal-Riada, into Dal-Araidhe, into Ulidia, into Conaille-Muirtheimhne; and they arrived, about Lammas, at Bealach-duin. The Leinstermen then proceeded southwards across Breagha to their territory, and the foreigners by sea round eastwards [southwards?] to their fortress. The Munstermen also and the Osraighi went through Meath westwards to their countries. The Ulidians rendered hostages on this occasion; but they Brian Borumha and his party did not obtain the hostages of the races of Conall and Eoghan.
M1005.10 Maelruanaidh, son of Ardghar, King of Ulidia, was slain by Madadhan, son of Domhnall, after being one-half year in the government of the province.
M1005.11 Madadhan, son of Domhnall, King of Ulidia, was killed by the Torc, i.e. Dubhtuinne, in the middle of Dun-Leathghlaise, in violation of the guarantees of the saints of Ireland. Dubhtuinne, i.e. the Torc, King of Ulidia, was slain, through the miracles of God and Patrick, by Muireadhach, son of Madadhan, in revenge of his father.
U1006.3 Eichmílid ua hAitid, king of Uí Echach—by the Ulaid, —Mael Ruanaid son of Flannacán—by the Conaille,—and Cathalán, king of Gailenga, were killed.
U1006.7 Gilla Comgaill son of Ardgar son of Matudán, i.e. king of Ulaid, was killed by his brother i.e. by Mael Ruanaid son of Ardgar.
M1006.12 Domhnall, son of Dubhtuinne, King of Ulidia, was slain by Muireadhach, son of Madudhan, and Uarghaeth of Sliabh Fuaid.
U1007.4 Matudán son of Domnall, king of Ulaid, was killed by the ‘Torc’ in Brigit's church in the middle of Dún dá Lethglas.
Mathoon, son of Dongal, is listed as #49 in O'Hart's list of the Kings of Ulidia.
U1007.6 Flaithbertach ua Néill led an expedition into Ulaid, took seven pledges from the Ulaid, and killed the king of Leth Cathail, i.e. Cú Ulad son of Aengus.
Cu-Ula O'Flathry is listed as #53 on O'Hart's list of the Kings of Ulidia. The "O'Flathry" seems to be a mistake, a reference to the Flaithbertach who led the expedition against Cu Ulad.
U1007.8 The 'Torc,' king of Ulaid, was killed through the power of God and Patrick by Muiredach son of Matudán, in revenge for his father.
M1007.8 Muireadhach, son of Dubhtuinne, King of Ulidia, was slain.
U1007.12 Domnall son of Dub Tuinne, king of Ulaid, was killed by Muiredach son of Matudán and by Uarghaeth of Sliab Fuait.)
U1008.2 Muiredach son of Matudán, heir designate of Ulaid, was killed by his own people.
M1010.11 An army was led by Flaithbheartach Ua Neill to Dun-Eathach; and he burned the fortress, and demolished the town, and he carried off pledges from Niall, son of Dubhthuinne. [Dun-Eathach is now Duneight in the parish of Blaris, or Lisburn, on the River Lagan. See Reeves Ecclesiastical Antiquities of Down and Connor, & c., pages 47, 432. Note y to the year 1003 in O'Donovan's edition of the Annals of the Four Masters.] U1011.6 Dún Echdach, Dub Tuinne.
M1011.4 A battle was gained over Niall, son of Dubhtuinne, i.e. the battle of the Mullachs, by Niall, son of Eochaidh, son of Ardghar, where many were slain, together with Muircheartach, son of Artan, Tanist of Ui-Eathach.
U1012.4 A defeat i.e. the battle of Na Mullaig was inflicted on Niall son of Dub Tuinne, by Niall son of Eochaid, in which fell Muirchertach son of Artán, heir designate of Uí Echach, and Eochaid's son was afterwards made king.
M1013.5 A battle between the Ui-Eathach themselves, i.e. between Cian, son of Maelmhuaidh, and Domhnall, son of Dubh-da-bhoireann, in which were slain Cian, Cathal, and Roghallach, three sons of Maelmhuaidh, with a great slaughter along with them.
U1014.5 Cathal son of Domnall, king of Uí Echdach, was killed by Donnchad son of Brian.
M1015.9 A battle between the Ulidians and the Dal-Araidhe, wherein the DaI-Araidhe were defeated by Niall, son of Eochaidh; and wherein fell Domhnall, son of Loingseach, lord of Dal-Araidhe; Niall, son of Dubhtuine, son of Eochaidh, son of Ardgar, ex-king of Ulidia; and Conchobhar Ua Domhnallain,lord of Ui-Tuirtri, and others along with them.
U1016.4 A battle between the Ulaid and the Dál Araide, and the Dál Araide were defeated. There fell therein Domnall ua Loingsigh, king of Dál Araide ...
U1017.4 Cormac son of Lorcán, king of Uí Echach, was killed by the Uí Threna. U1017.5
M1018.12 Ruaidhri Ua hAileallain, lord of Ui-Eathach, was slain by the men of Fearnmhagh [Farney]; and the two sons of Ceinneidigh, namely, Conghalach and Gillamuire, were immediately slain in revenge of him.
U1019.8 Ruaidrí ua hAilelláin, king of Uí Echach, was killed by the men of Fernmag. Two sons of Ceinnétig, i.e. Congalach and Gilla Muire, were then promptly killed in revenge for him.
U1020.2 Flaithbertach ua hEochada was blinded by Niall son of Eochaid.
M1020.7 The shrine of Patrick, and the Finnfaidheach [a bell?] of Patrick, were robbed by the plunderers, by Ua hAidith, and the people of Lower Ui-Eathach; and they carried off with them seven hundred cows.
U1022.4 A naval combat in the open sea between the foreigners of Áth Cliath and Niall son of Eochaid, king of Ulaid, and the foreigners were defeated and a great number of them slaughtered, and prisoners.
M1022.15 A battle on the sea between the foreigners of Ath-cliath and Niall, son of Eochaidh, King of Ulidia, wherein the foreigners were defeated, and they themselves led into captivity, and their ships carried away, except a few which fled away. Flathroi, son of Dubhslangha, son of Aedh, son of Tomaltach, fell by the foreigners in that sea battle, in the seventeenth year of his age.
U1022.6 A defeat was inflicted in Sliab Fuait on the Airgialla by Niall son of Eochaid, and there was a great slaughter of the Airgialla there.
U1028.6 The son of Cú Chuailnge, king of Uí Echach, died.
M1028.7 Mac Concuailgne, lord of Ui-Eatach, died.
U1031.5 Eochaid's son led an expedition into Uí Echach, burned Cell Chomair and its oratory, killed four clerics, and took thirty captives.
M1036.5 Domhnall Ua h-Uathmharain, lord of Feara-Li, was slain by the Dal-Araidhe.
M1037.12 Archu Ua Celechain, lord of Ui-Breasail, and Ruaidhri Ua Lorcain, lord of Ui-Niallain, were slain at Craebh-caille, by Muireadhach Ua Ruadhacain and the Ui-Eathach.
U1038.4 Orc Allaid ua Ruadacáin, king of Uí Echach, was killed by the Clann Sínaig in Ard Macha on Monday the feast of Ultán 4 Sept., in revenge for the killing of Eochaid son of the Abbot and for the profanation of Ard Macha.
U1039.4 Muiredach son of Flannacán, of the Uí Echach, fosairchinnech of Ard Macha, died.
M1041.11 A preying excursion by the Ua Neills into Ui-Eathach, and they carried off great booty.
M1044.2 Cumasgach Ua h-Ailellain, lord of Ui-Eathach, was slain by the Ui-Caracain.
U1044.1 Cumuscach ua hAililléin, king of Uí Echach, was killed by the Uí Characéin.
M1046.2 Muireadhach, son of Flaithbheartach Ua Neill, royal heir of Oileach, and Aiteidh Ua hAiteidh, lord of Ui-Eathach-Uladh, were burned in a house set on fire by Cu-Uladh, son of Conghalach, lord of Uachtar-thire [territory on the west of Dundrum Inner Bay, which includes the castle in the town of Dundrum, county Down].
U1046.1 Muiredach son of Flaithbertach ua Néill, heir designate of Ailech, and Aiteid ua hAiteid, king of Uí Echach Ulad, were burned in a house set on fire by Cú Ulad son of Congalach, king of Uachtar Tíre.
M1046.5 Conchobhar Ua Loingsigh, lord of Dal-Araidhe, was slain by the son of Domhnall Ua Loingsigh, in Leinster (i.e. in Ui-Buidhe), in violation of the guarantee of Niall, son of Eochaidh, King of Ulidia, and of Diarmaid, son of Mael-na-mbo.
U1052.7 The king of Ulaid in 1052 was Niall son of Eochaid, who came in that year to Osraige.
M1054.4 The battle of Finnmhagh was gained over the Ui-Meith and the people of Uachtar-thire in Ui-Eathach-Uladh, where Croibhdhearg the Redhanded, Tanist of Uachtar-thire, was slain.
U1054.4 The defeat of Finnmag inflicted on the Uí Méith and the forces of Uachtar Tíre by the Uí Echach, in which In Croibderg, heir designate of Uachtar Tíre, fell.
M1056.6 Etru, son of Labhraidh, chief of Monach, pillar of the glory of Ulidia, died, after a good life.
M1056.9 A predatory incursion was made by Niall, son of Maeleachlainn, upon the Dal-Araidhe; and he carried off two thousand cows.
U1057.5 A defeat was inflicted by Ruaidrí ua Ruadacáin and the Airthir on Gilla Críst ua Faelchon and the Uí Echach.
U1062.6 Eochaid son of Niall son of Eochaid, heir designate of Uladh, died in penitence.
M1062.6 Niall, son of Eochaidh, King of Ulidia, and his son, Eochaidh, son of Neill, son of Eochaidh, royal heir of the province, died on Thursday, the Ides of September.
U1063.6 Niall son of Eochaid, over-king of Ulaid, died on Thursday the Ides 13th of November, the eighteenth of the moon.
U1065.2 Donnchad ua Mathgamna, king of Ulaid, was killed in Bennchor by his own people.
M1065.3 Donnchadh Ua Mathghamhna, King of Ulidia, was killed by the Ulidians themselves, in the Daimhliag stone church of Beannchair.
M1065.4 Brodar, the enemy of Comhghall (it was by him the king was killed at Beannchair), was slain by the lord of Dal-Araidhe [Domhnall Ua Loingsigh].
M1065.5 Domhnall Ua Loingsigh, lord of Dal-Araidhe, and Muircheartach Ua Maelfabhaill, lord of Carraig-Brachaidhe, were slain by the Ui-Meith.
M1065.6 Echmilidh Ua hAitedh, lord of Ui-Eeatach, was slain by the Cinel-Eoghain.
U1065.9 Echmíled ua hAitid, king of Uí Echach, was killed by the Cenél Eógain.
U1071.1 The king of Ulaid, i.e. ua Flaithri, was deposed by ua Maelruanaid and by the Ulaid, but that ua Maelruanaid was killed forthwith in battle by Donnsléibe ua Eochada.
U1070.3 Ua Eochaidén, king of Dál Araide, was killed by his own people.
M1071.6 The King of Ulidia, i.e. Cu-Uladh Ua Flaithri, was deposed, and expelled into Leinster, by Ua Maelruanaidh and the Ulidians; and this Ua Maelruanaidh was slain in battle immediately after, by Donnsleibhe Ua hEochadha.
M1072.3 Cuuladh Ua Flathrai, King of Ulidia, and Mac Asidha, i.e. Gabhadhan, lord of Ui-Gabhla, were burned by the men of Meath, in an ignited house, and a great number of other persons along with them.
M1074.6 Aedh Meranach, King of Ulidia, was drowned at Luimneach, or in Loch-Eathach.
M1077.4 Ua Loingsigh, lord of Dal-Araidhe, was slain by the Dal-Araidhe themselves.
M1078.3 Leathlobhar Ua Laidhgnen, lord of Airghialla, was slain by Ruaidhri Ua Ruadhacain.
U1080.6 Donnsléibe ua hEochada went into Mumu with the nobles of the Ulaid to seek hire.
U1081.3 Ua Mathgamna, king of Ulaidh, was killed by Donnsléibe ua hEochada at Dún dá Lethglas.
U1084.4 An army was brought by Donnsléibe, king of Ulaid, to Drochat Átha, and he gave stipend to the son of in Cailech ua Ruairc. A raid was made by Domnall ua Lochlainn in his rear in Ulaid, and they carried off a great prey of cattle.
M1084.7 An army was led by Donnsleibhe, King of Ulidia, to Droicheatata, and gave wages to Donnchadh, the son of the Caileach Ua Ruairc. A predatory excursion was made in his Donnsleibhe's absence into Ulidia, by Domhnall Ua Lochlainn, whence he carried off prisoners and a great spoil of cattle.
M1086.4 A battle was gained by the Airtheara over the Ui-Eathach, wherein Domhnall Ua hAiteidh was slain, with some others.
M1086.5 The battle of Eochaill was gained by the Ulidians over the Airghialla and Ua Ruadhagain, where Cumasgach Ua Laithen, lord of Sil-Duibhthire, and Gillamoninne Ua hEochadha, lord of Clann-Sinaigh, and many others along with them, were slain.
U1086.6 A defeat was inflicted by the Airthir on the Uí Echach, in which fell Domnall ua hAiteidh.
M1086.6 Amhalghaidh, son of Ruaidhri Ua Ruadagain, was killed by the men of Fearnmhagh.
U1086.7 The defeat of Eochaille was inflicted by the Ulaid on the Airgialla and on ua Ruadacán, in which fell Cumuscach ua Laithéin, king of Síl Duibtire, and Gilla Moninne ua Eochada, chief of Clann Sínaigh, and many others.
M1089.2 A battle was gained by the Ui-Eathach-Uladh over the men of Fearnmhagh, wherein fell the son of Aedh Ua Crichain, lord of Fearnmhagh, and twelve Tanists of the nobility, with numbers of others.
U1089.5 The joint lords of the men of Fernmagh, and a multitude besides, were killed by the Uí Echach and the Ulaid in Sliab Fuaid.
U1091.3 Donn Sléibe ua Eochada, king of Ulaid, was killed in battle by Lochlann's grandson, king of Ailech, at Belach Goirt in Ibair.
U1092.5 Flaithbertach son of Ruaidrí ua Ruadacán was killed by the Uí Echach.
U1091.3 Donn Sléibe ua Eochada, king of Ulaid, was killed in battle by Lochlann's grandson, king of Ailech, at Belach Goirt in Ibair.
U1094.1 Flaithbertach ua hAiteidh, king of Uí Echach, was blinded by Donnchad ua hEochada, king of Ulaid
M1094.1 Donnsleibhe Ua hEochadha, King of Ulidia, was slain by the King of Aileach, i.e. Domhnall, the son of Mac Lochlainn, in the battle of Bealach-Guirt-an-iubhair.
M1094.2 Donnchadh Ua hEochadha, with the Ulidians
M1094.3 Flaithbheartach Ua hAidith, lord of Ui-Eatach-Uladh, was blinded by Donncadh Ua hEochadha, king of Ulidia.
U1094.3 A slaughter of the Airthir, of their nobles, i.e. including ua Fedacán and Donn son of Óengus, was carried out by the Ulaid.
U1095.7 The defeat of Ard Achaidh was inflicted by the Dál Araide on the Ulaid, and in it fell Gilla Comgaill ua Cairill.
M1095.7 A great victory was gained at Ard-achad, by the Dal-Araidhe, over the Ulidians, wherein were slain Lochlainn Ua Cairill, royal heir of Ulidia; and Gillachomhghaill Ua Cairill; and a great host along with them.
M1095.17 Domhnall Ua Madadhain, lord of Ui-Eathach, died.
M1099.7 Ruaidhri Ua Ruadhagain, lord of the east of Oirghialla, and the most distinguished of the dynasts of Ireland, died in the fortieth year of his chieftainship, and on the tenth of the Calends of December.
U1100.2 Donnchad son of Eochaid, king of Ulaid, and a number of the nobles of the Ulaid with him, was captured by Domnall ua Lochlainn, king of Ailech, on the fifth of the Kalends of June 28 May.
M1100.8 Donnchadh Ua hEochadha, King of Ulidia, and some of the chieftains of Ulidia along with him, were taken prisoners by Domhnall, grandson of Lochlainn, King of Oileach, on the fifth of the Calends of June.
U1101.7 Donnchad ua Eochada, king of Ulaid, was released from bonds by Domnall grandson of Lochlainn, king of Ailech, for the sake of his son and his co-fosterling, i.e. in the stone church of Ard Macha, through the intercession of the successor of Patrick and the community of Patrick also, after making mutual oath on the Staff of Jesus and other relics, on the eleventh of the Kalends of January 22 Dec.
M1101.8 Donnchadh Ua hEochadha, King of Ulidia, was liberated from fetters by Domhnall, the grandson of Lochlainn, in exchange for his son and his foster-brother, in the daimhliag of Ard-Macha, through the intercession of the successor of Patrick, and all his congregation, after they had mutually sworn on the Bachall-Isa and the relics of the Church, on the eleventh of the Calends of January.
U1102.2 Donnchadh son of Echrí ua Aitidh, heir designate of Uí Echach, was killed by the Ulaid, i.e. in the fifth month after outraging Patrick.
U1102.2 Donnchadh son of Echrí ua Aitidh, heir designate of Uí Echach, was killed by the Ulaid, i.e. in the fifth month after outraging Patrick.
M1102.5 Donnchadh, son of Echri Ua Aiteidh, Tanist of Ui-Eathach, was killed by the Ulidians.
U1102.10 Ros Ailithir, i.e. with its superior, was plundered by the Uí Echach to avenge the killing of ua Donnchada, i.e. mac na hErluime.
M1102.8 An army was led by the Cinel-Eoghain to Magh-Cobha. The Ulidians entered their camp at night, and killed Sitrick Ua Maelfabhaill, lord of Carraig-Brachaidhe, and Sitric, son of Curoi, son of Eoghan.
M1103.5 Murchadh Donn Ua Ruadhacan was slain on a predatory excursion in Magh-Cobha, and his host had slain Gillagott Ua Cormaic the same day. O'Donovan notes:
"Magh-Cobha.A plain containing the church of Domnach-mor. Maighe-Cobha, now Donaghmore, in the barony of Upper Iveagh, and county Down.
"Moy-Cova ... the plain of Eochy-Cova, the ancestor of the tribe called Ui Eatchach Cobha, located in the present baronies of Upper and Lower Iveagh, in the County of Down. ... the situation of the plain of Magh Cobha is fixed by the older writers who place it in Uibh Eathcach, now Iveagh, and who place in it the church of Domhnach more Muighe Cobha, which is unquestionably the present Donaghmore, in the barony of Upper Iveagh, nearly midway between Newry and Loughbrickland ... "
M1103.7 A great war broke out between the Cinel-Eoghain and the Ulidians; and Muircheartach Ua Briain [Irish Kings #180], with the men of Munster, Leinster, and Osraighe, and with the chiefs of Connaught, and the men of Meath, with their kings, proceeded to Magh-Cobha, to relieve the Ulidians. Both parties went all into Machaire-Arda-Macha, i.e. to Cill-na-gCornaire, and were for a week laying siege to, Ard-Macha. Domhnall, grandson of Lochlainn, with the people of the north of Ireland, was during this time in Ui-Breasail-Macha, confronting them face to face, so that he prevented the people of the four provinces of Ireland from committing depredation or aggression any further in the province. When the men of Munster were wearied, Muircheartach proceeded to Aenach-Macha, to Eamhain, and round to Ard-Macha, and left eight ounces of gold upon the altar, and promised eight score cows, and returned to Magh-Cobha, and left the people of the province of Leinster and numbers of the men of Munster there. He himself afterwards set out on a predatory excursion into Dal-Araidhe, with the King of Meath and the King of Connaught; and Donnchadh, son of Toirdhealbhach Ua Briain, was slain on this expedition, as were the son of Ua Conchobhair Ciarraighe, Peatadeamhain Ua Beoain, Donncuan Ua Duibhcinn, and a great many others of the nobility along with them. Domhnall Ua Lochlainn, with the Clanna-Neill of the North, proceeded to Magh-Cobha, to attack the camp of the Leinstermen; and the Leinstermen, the Osraighi, and the Munstermen, assembled together all the forces they had, and fought a spirited battle in Magh-Cobha, on Tuesday, the Nones of August, on the eight day after their coming into that plain. The people of Leath-Mhogha were, however, defeated, and slaughter made of them, viz. the slaughter of the Leinstermen, with Muircheartach Mac Gillamocholmog, King of Leinster, with the two Ua Lorcains, i.e. Murchadh, King of Ui-Muireadhaigh, and his brother, and with Muircheartach Mac Gormain, with a great number of others besides them; the slaughter of the Ui-Ceinnsealaigh, together with the two sons of Maelmordha, and Rian, lord of Ui-Drona, and many others also; the slaughter of the Osraighi in general, with Gillaphadraig Ruadh and the chieftains of Osraighe; the slaughter of the foreigners of Ath-cliath, with Thorstan, son of Eric, with Pol, son of Amann, and Beollan, son of Armunn, with a countless number of others; the slaughter of the men of Munster, with the two Ua Brics, i.e. two tanists of the Deisi; and with Ua Failbhe, Tanist of Corca-Dhuibhne and Erri of Leinster; with Ua Muireadhaigh, lord of Ciarraighe, with his son, and many others of the nobility, which it would be tedious to enumerate. The Clanna-Neill of the North, namely, the Cinel-Eoghain and Cinel-Conaill, returned to their forts victoriously and triumphantly, with valuable jewels and much wealth, together with the royal tent, the standard, and many other precious jewels.
M1103.12 Amhalghaidh, grandson of Aedh, son of Ruaidhri, one of the Clann-Choscraigh, was killed by his own father and brother, in revenge of their alumnus, i.e. Conchobhar, son of Ruaidhri Ua Conchobhair, who had been killed by him some time before.
M1104.3 A battle was gained by the Ulidians over the Dal-Araidhe, wherein Duibhceann Ua Daimhin was slain in the heat of the conflict.
M1104.8 Maghnus, King of Lochlann and the Islands, and a man who had contemplated the invasion of all Ireland, was slain by the Ulidians, with a slaughter of his people about him, on a predatory excursion.
M1104.9 An army was led by Domhnall, grandson of Lochlainn, to Magh-Cobha, and he obtained the hostages of Ulidia; and he afterwards proceeded to Teamhair, and burned the whole of a great part of Ui-Laeghaire, except some of his friends, to whom he afforded protection.
M1107.4 Conchobhar (i.e. Conchobhar Cisenanch), son of Donnsleibhe, royal heir of Ulidia, was killed by the men of Fearnmhagh.
M1107.7 Domhnall Ua hAinbheith, lord of Ui-Meith, was killed by the Ui-Eathach-Uladh.
U1108.6 A house was stormed by Ua Mathgamna and ua Mael Ruanaid against Goll Garbraidhe, i.e. Eochaid son of Donn Sléibe ua Eochadha, i.e. the king of Ulaid, and he was beheaded by them.
M1108.7 A house was taken by Ua Mathghamhna and Ua Maelruanaidh upon Goll Garbhraighe, King of Ulidia, i.e. Eochaidh, son of Donnsleibhe Ua hEochadha; and he was beheaded by them.
M1109.5 An army was led by Domhnall Mac Lochlainn, with the people of the north of Ireland, to Sliabh-Fuaid; but Ceallach, successor of Patrick, made a year's peace between Mac Lochlainn and Ua Briain; after which the people of the north of Ireland, with the Cinel-Conaill and Cinel-Eoghain, proceeded to Magh-hUa-Breasail, to attack the Ulidians who were in Magh-Cobha; and the Ulidians gave them the three hostages which they themselves selected.
U1109.3 A slaughter was inflicted on the Uí Bresail, including their king, i.e. Dartin, and the Uí Echach fell by the Uí Méith and the men of Fernmag.
U1109.9 A slaughter was inflicted on the Uí Méith, including their king, i.e. Goll Bairche, and some of the men of Fernmag fell by the Uí Bresail and the Uí Echach.
U1111.10 A meeting was held between Domnall ua Lochlainn and Donnchad ua Eochada at the Cuan, and they made full peace and the Ulaid gave Domnall ua Lochlainn hostages for his own tribute.
U1113.3 Findchaise ua Loingsigh, king of Dál Araide, died in repentance.
M1113.5 Finnchas Ua Loingsigh, lord of Dal-Araidhe ... died after penance.
U1113.7 An army was brought by Domnall ua Lochlainn with the Cenél Eógain and the Cenél Conaill and the Airgialla to Glenn Rige, and they drove Donnchad from the kingship of the Ulaid and divided Ulaid between ua Mathgamna and the sons of Donn Sléibe, reserving Dál Amide and Uí Echach however to himself. An army was brought by Muirchertach ua Briain with the men of Mumu and the Laigin and the Connachta to Mag Coba to help Donnchad. An army was brought also by Domnall ua Lochlainn with the aforesaid armies to Magh Coba also to help the Ulaid, and there was a likelihood of a battle between them until Cellach, successor of Patrick, separated them in a semblance of peace. Donnchad ua Eochada, however, was blinded by Eochaid ua Mathgamna and the Ulaid.
M1113.7 An army was led by Domhnall Ua Lochlainn [Irish Kings #179 ?], with the chiefs of Cinel-Eoghain, Cinel-Conaill, and Airghialla, to Gleann-Righe; and they banished Donnchadh from the kingdom of Ulidia, and they divided Ulidia between Ua Mathghamhna and the son of Ua Duinnsleibhe, he himself retaining Dal-Araidhe and Ui-Eathach.
M1113.8 An army was led by Muircheartach Ua Briain [Irish Kings #180], with the men of Munster, Leinster, and Connaught, to Magh-Cobha, to aid Donnchadh. Another army, composed of the forces before mentioned, was marched by Domhnall Ua Lochlainn to Magh-Cobha, to relieve the Ulidians; and there was a challenge of battle between them, but the successor of Patrick separated them, under the semblance of peace and tranquility. Donnchadh Ua hEochadha was blinded by Eochaidh Ua Mathghamhna and the Ulidians.
M1114.3 Aedh, son of Donnchadh Ua hEochadha, royal heir of Ulidia, died.
M1114.4 Donnchadh Ua Loingsigh, lord of Dal-Araidhe, and Muircheartach, son of Mac Lochlainn, royal heir of Oileach, died.
U1114.4 Aed son of Donnchad ua Eochada, heir designate of Ulaid, Donnchad ua Loingsigh, king of Dál Araide, Ua Canannán, i.e. Ruaidrí, heir designate of Cenél Conaill, Muirchertach ua Lochlainn, heir designate of Ailech, were unjustly killed.
U1114.3 An army was brought by Domnall ua Lochlainn to Rath Cennaigh, and Eochaid ua Mathgamna with the Ulaid came into his house, and Donnchad ua Loingsigh with the Dál Araide and Aed ua Ruairc with the men of Bréifne and Murchad ua Mael Sechlainn with the men of Mide. They went thereafter together over Áth Luain to Dún Leodha, and Tairdelbach ua Conchobuir with the Connachta, and Niall ua Lochlainn, his own son, with the Cenél Conaill, joined his assembly. They all went thereafter to Telach ua nDedaigh in Dál Cais, and they and the men of Mumu made a year's truce. Domnall ua Lochlainn returned home through Connacht.
M1114.6 An army was led by Domhnall Ua Lochlainn to Rath-Ceannaigh, where Eochaidh Ua Mathghamhna, with the Ulidians, went into his house, as did Donnchadh Ua Loingsigh, with the Dal-Araidhe; Aedh Ua Ruairc, with the men of Breifne; and Murchadh Ua Maeleachlainn, with the men of Meath. They all afterwards proceeded across Ath-Luain to Dun-Leodha, where Toirdhealbhach Ua Conchobhair, with the Connaughtmen, and Niall, son of Domhnall Mac Lochlainn, his own son, with the chieftains of Cinel-Conaill, came to join his assembly. They all afterwards proceeded to Tealach-Deadhaidh, in Dal-gCais; and they made a year's peace with the men of Munster. Domhnall Ua Lochlainn then went through Connaught, for home.
U1114.3 An army was brought by Domnall ua Lochlainn to Rath Cennaigh, and Eochaid ua Mathgamna with the Ulaid came into his house, and Donnchad ua Loingsigh with the Dál Araide and Aed ua Ruairc with the men of Bréifne and Murchad ua Mael Sechlainn with the men of Mide. They went thereafter together over Áth Luain to Dún Leodha, and Tairdelbach ua Conchobuir with the Connachta, and Niall ua Lochlainn, his own son, with the Cenél Conaill, joined his assembly. They all went thereafter to Telach ua nDedaigh in Dál Cais, and they and the men of Mumu made a year's truce. Domnall ua Lochlainn returned home through Connacht.
M1118.7 The battle of Ceann-dara was gained over the Ui-Eathach-Uladh, by Murchadh Ua Ruadhacan, who made a slaughter of them.
U1118.8 The defeat of Cenn Daire was inflicted on the Uí Echach of Ulaid by Murchad ua Ruadacán, and slaughter was inflicted on them.
M1119.4 Domhnall Ua hAideith, lord of Ui-Eathach, was killed by Echri, son of Flaithbheartach.
M1120.5 The battle of the plain of Cill-mor Ua-Niallain was gained by Raghnall, son of Mac Riabhaigh, over the Ui-Eathach, in which the latter were slaughtered.
U1120.2 The defeat of Machaire Cille Móire Uí Nialláin was inflicted by Ragnall grandson of Riabach on the Uí Echach, and slaughter inflicted on them.
M1121.4 Cumaighe, son of Deoraidh Ua Floinn, lord of Durlas, was drowned in Loch-Eathach, after the island of Inis-Draicrenn had been taken upon him by the Ui-Eathach, where forty-four persons were slain
U1123.4 Donn Sléibe son of Cathalán, happiness and prosperity of all the Ulaid, died.
M1124.13 Aedh Ua Mathghamhna, royal heir of Ulidia, fell by the men of Fearnmhagh.
U1127.3 A battle took place between the Ulaid themselves, in which two kings of the Ulaid fell, i.e. Niall son of Done Sléibe, with a slaughter of the Ulaid around him, and Eochaid ua Mathgamna in a counter-attack.
M1127.12 A battle between the Ulidians themselves, in which two kings of Ulidia were slain, namely, Aedh Ua Mathghamhna, and Niall, son of Donnsleibhe Ua hEochadha; and a slaughter was made of the Ulidians along with them.
M1128.5 Ceinneidigh, son of Aedh Mac Duinnsleibhe, King of Ulidia, was killed.
M1128.8 A plundering army was led by Conchobhar, the son of Mac Lochlainn, lord of Cinel-Eoghain; by the Dal-Araidhe, and the Airghialla, into Magh-Cobha; and they carried off the hostages of the Ui-Eathach. They proceeded from thence to East Meath, and to the Feara-Breagh, and left some of their people [dead] there.
U1128.8 An army was brought by Conchobor ua Lochlainn and the Cenél Eógain and the Dál Araide and the Airgialla into Magh Coba, and they took the hostages of the Uí Echach. They turned thereafter south into the territory of the men of Brega, and left some of their people dead there and committed a great crime before God and man, i.e. the burning of Áth Truim with its churches, and a number of people suffered martyrdom there. They returned home, not having obtained peace from God or men.
M1130.2 Lochlainn Ua Maelruanaidh, royal heir of Ulidia, was killed.
M1130.7 An army was led by Ua Lochlainn into Ulidia. The Ulidians assembled to give them battle. When they approached each other, a fierce battle was fought between them. The Ulidians were finally defeated and slaughtered, together with Aedh Ua Loingsigh, lord of Dal-Araidhe; Gillaphadraig Mac Searraigh, lord of Dal-Buinne; Dubhrailbhe Mac Artain; and many others besides them: and they plundered the country as far as the east of Ard, both lay and ecclesiastical property, and they carried off a thousand prisoners, and many thousand cows and horses. The chief men of Ulidia, with their lords, afterwards came to Ard-Macha, to meet Conchobhar; and they made peace, and took mutual oaths, and they left hostages with him.
M1131.6 Raghnall Ua hEochadha, King of Ulidia, was slain battle.
M1136.7 Conchobhar, son of Domhnall Ua Lochlainn, who was first lord of Aileach, and king of all the north, both Cinel-Conaill and Cinel-Eoghain, Ulidians and Airghialla, and also royal heir of Ireland, was killed by the men of Magh-Itha, by treachery.
M1136.8 Echri Ua hAitteidh, lord of Ui-Eathach, was killed by the Ui-Eathach themselves.
M1141.6 Domhnall Ua Loingsigh, lord of Dal-Araidhe, was slain by the Crotraighi.
M1141.12 The Ulstermen of all Leinster returned to their own territories, i.e. into Ulster, and this was a sign of vengeance in Leinster.
O'Donovan notes: "Ulstermen.This may mean Ulidians or inhabitants of East Ulster, many families of whom were in exile in the province of Leinster at this period."
M1147.8 An army was led by Muircheartach Mac Neill Ua Lochlainn and the Cinel-Eoghain, and Donnchadh Ua Cearbhaill and the Airghialla, into Ulidia. The Ulidians were encamped at the brink of Uchdearg, to meet them; but they abandoned the camp to the Cinel-Eoghain and the Airghialla, who pursued them till they reached the shore of Dun-droma, in Leath-Chathail. The Ulidians gave them battle there, on the day of the festival of Paul and Peter; but they were defeated, and a great number of them slain, together with Archu Ua Flathrai, lord of Leath-Chathail. After this the forces plundered and burned all Leath-Chathail, and carried off hostages from the Ulidians.
M1148.6 An army was led by Muircheartach, son of Niall Ua Lochlainn, by the Cinel-Eoghain and Donnchadh Ua Cearbhaill, and the Airghialla, into Ulidia; and they carried off the hostages of the Ulidians, together with the son of the King of Ulidia, and left four lords over Ulidia on that occasion. The Ulidians and Airghialla turned against Mac Lochlainn and the Cinel-Eoghain after this.
M1148.7 Another army was led by Muircheartach Ua Lochlainn and the Cinel-Eoghain, across Tuaim, into Ulidia; and he expelled Cuuladh Ua Duinnsleibhe from Ulidia, and placed Donnchadh in his place
M1149.6 Cuuladh, i.e. the son of Conchobhar, came into Ulidia again, and expelled Donnchadh from the chieftainship of the upper part of Ulidia: and Ua Mathghamhna and the two sons of Aedh Mac Duinnsleibhe (Donnchadh and Murchadh) made an attack upon his camp, but they were defeated by Cuuladh, and Murchadh was killed by him.
M1153.3 The visitation of Dal-Cairbre and Ui-Eathach-Uladh was made by Flaithbheartach Ua Brolchain, successor of Colum-Cille; and he received a horse from every chieftain, a sheep from every hearth; a screaball, a horse, and five cows, from the lord Ua Duinnsleibhe, and an ounce of gold from his wife.
M1156.15 The Ulidians turned against Muircheartach Ua Lochlainn, and proclaimed war upon him.
U1156.2 —A hosting by Muircertach Ua Lochlainn into Ulidia, so that he took away pledges to his choice. And it is upon that hosting also Ua Inneirghi was killed on a surprise party.
M1156.16 An army was led by Muircheartach into Ulidia, and he obtained the hostages of the Ulidians to secure their obedience to him; however, some of the Ulidians, under the conduct of Ua Duinnsleibhe, made an attack upon some of the army, and slew Ua hInneirghe, chief of the Cuileanntrach. Ua Loingsigh, lord of Dal-Araidhe, was slain by the Cinel-Eoghain.
There are two townland of the name of Cuileanntrach in county Tyrone, and two in county Armagh. According to O'Donovan, the tradition is that Ua hInneirghe (O'Henry) was seated in in Glenconkeine, in the barony of Loughinsholin, and county of Londonderry.
M1157.3 Cuuladh Ua Duinnsleibhe Ui-Eochadha, King of Ulidia, died, after penance, at Dun-da-leathghlas, and was interred at Dun itself.
M1158.10 Cuuladh, son of Deoraidh Ua Flainn, lord of Ui-Tuirtre and Dal-Araidhe, the Guaire Aidhne of the north of Ireland for hospitality, died.
M1158.12 An army was led by Muircheartach Ua Lochlainn, with the Ulidians and Airghialla, into Tir-Conaill, and they plundered the country, both churches and territories; but the Cinel-Conaill made an attack upon the camp of the Ulidians, and slew Aedh Ua Duinnsleibhe Ui Eochadha, King of Ulidia, and the Gall Ua Searraigh, and many others of the nobility and commonalty besides them.
M1160.5 Murchadh Ua Ruadhacan, lord of Ui-Eatach, died.
O'Donovan notes: "i.e., O'Rogan, lord of Ui-Eatach, or Iveagh, in the now County of Down. The O'Rogans are still extant, but reduced to poverty and obscurity."
M1164.10 David, son of Donnsleibhe Ua hEochadha, was killed by the Ui-Eathach-Uladh, by treachery.
M1165.4 The Ulidians began to turn against Muircheartach Ua Lochlainn, and proceeded with a force against the Ui-Meith, and carried off cows, and slew many persons. They made another deprecatory irruption upon the Ui-Breasail-Airthir, and another upon the Dal-Riada. A great army was afterwards led by Muircheartach Ua Lochlainn, consisting of the Cinel-Conaill, Cinel-Eoghain, and Airghialla, into Ulidia; and they plundered and spoiled the whole country, except the principal churches of Ulidia; and they made a countless slaughter of men, and slew, among others, Eachmarcach Mac Gilla-Epscoib and Ua Lomain; and they banished Eochaidh Mac Duinnsleibhe from Ulidia, after having deprived him of his kingdom; and all the Ulidians gave their hostages to Ua Lochlainn for his royal power.
U1165.5 A hosting by Muircertach Ua Lochlainn, [along with] both [Cenel-] Cona[i]ll and [Cenel-] Eoga[i]n and the Airgialla, into Ulidia, so that they harried all the country, except, the chief churches of the Ulidians and killed a countless number of them, including Echmarcach, son of Mac Gilla-espuic and including Ua Lomanaigh and they expelled Eochaidh Mac Duinnsleibhe [Ua Eochadha] from Ulidia. And Ua Lochlainn gave the kingship to Donnsleibhe [Mac Duinnsleibhe Ua Eochadha] and all the Ulidians gave their pledges to Ua Lochlainn, through the might of his regal power.
U1165.6 Diarmait Mac Artain, chief of Clann-Fogartaigh, hospitality and benefaction of all Ui-Echach, died.
U1165.9 Eochaidh [Mac Duinnsleibhe Ua Eochadha] again attempts to obtain the kingship of Ulidia; but the Ulidians expelled him through fear of Ua Lochlainn and he was fettered by Donnchadh Ua Cerbaill, arch-king of Airgialla, by order of Ua Lochlainn.
U1165.10 Another hosting by Muircertach Ua Lochlainn along with the Cenel-Eogain to Inis-lachain, so that they burned the Island [Inis-lachain] and razed it. And all Ulidia gave their pledges to Ua Lochlainn. After that, the Cenel-Eogain around Ua Lochlainn come to their houses with great triumph and with many ships and numerous treasures beside. From here Ua Lochlainn [goes] to Ard-Macha. After that, Donnchadh Ua Cerbaill, arch-king of Airgialla and Eochaidh Mac Duinnsleibhe [Ua Eochadha] come into the presence of Ua Lochlainn, to ask for the kingship for [Eochaidh] Mac Duinnsleibhe, so that Ua Lochlainn gave the entire [kingship] to Mac Duinnsleibhe, in return for the pledges of all Ulidia. So that Mac Duinnsleibhe gave the son of every chief of Ulidia and his own daughter in pledge to O'Lochlainn. And there were given to him [Ua Lochlainn] many treasures, including the sword of the son of the Earl and he [Mac Duinnsleibhe] gave Bairche to Ua Lochlainn [and] Ua Lochlainn gave it to [Donnchadh] Ua Cerbaill. And, moreover, there was given a townland to the clergy of Saball, by reason of the prosperity of the reign of Ua Lochlainn.
M1165.5 Muircheartach Ua Lochlainn proceeded with the Cinel-Eoghain to Inis-Lochain, and burned and destroyed the island. The Cinel-Eoghain afterwards returned to their houses in triumph, with vast spoils and many ships. Ua Lochlainn then went to Ard-Macha, whither Donnchadh Ua Cearbhaill, lord of Oirghialla, and Eochaidh Mac Duinnsleibhe, came to meet Muircheartach, to request that he would again restore Mac Duinnsleibhe to his kingdom. Ua Lochlainn gave him the kingdom, in consideration of receiving the hostages of all Ulidia; and Eochaidh gave him a son of every chieftain in Ulidia, and his own daughter, to be kept by Ua Lochlainn as a hostage; and many jewels were given him, together with the sword of the son of the Earl. He also gave up the territory of Bairche to Ua Lochlainn, who immediately granted it to Ua Cearbhaill, i.e. Donnchadh; and a townland was granted to the clergy of Sabhall, for the luck of the reign of Mac Lochlainn.
Murchadh Ua Cearbhail, who died in 1189, was the son of Donnchadh Ua Cearbhail, and succeeded to the kingship of Airghiala on the death of Donnchadh in 1169. Murchadh was married to Ane, daughter of Mac Duinnsleibhe Ua hEochadha, King of Ulidia. M1171.26 (below) notes that the daughter of Ua hEochadha, who was the wife of Murchadh Ua Cearbhaill, lord of Oirghialla, died.
Ua Cearbhaill is anglicized as O'Carroll. "[T]he O'Carrolls of Oriel were cousins of the McMahons. Under their king Donnchadh they overran most of County Louth in the twelfth century. Donnchadh was a princely benefactor to the newly-established Cistercian abbey at Mellifont and a strong supporter of the twelfth-century church reform movement." Surnames of County Louth by Noel Ross. "The Cistercians introduced the Romanesque style of architecture in the twelfth century, first at Mellifont Abbey, Co. Louth."
"Louth. Situated eight miles west of Dundalk this village has now only vestigial remains of its former status as a medieval civitates or city, seat of a bishop of Louth and of the twelfth century O’Carroll kings of Oirghialla. Originally the site of a shrine to the Celtic god Lugh, it was brought over to Christianity by St. Mochta disciple of St. Patrick who appointed him bishop of Louth and who established a monastery here. His death is recorded in 535. Burned and plundered frequently by the Danes in the period 829-968 it was occupied with the rest of County Louth by Donnchadh O’Carroll king of the Oirghialla who founded the monastery of St. Mary’s for Austin Canons here in 1148 the remains of which can be viewed inside the graveyard, they consist of a long medieval church with a remnant tower and road screen. In a field to the west stands St. Mochta’s house, a single celled oratory with a roof croft over a barrel vault. It dates from the twelfth century replacing an earlier oratory that may have been destroyed. On the south side of the village stands the "Fairy - mount" a Norman motte-castle constructed prior to 1196 when it was plundered by Niall McMahon and may have been the "King’s Castle of Louth" mentioned in 1204."
See Emerson N. D., Donnchadh Ua Cearbhaill, in volume 16, County Louth Archaeological and Historical Journal; and A. Gwynn, Armagh and Louth in the twelfth century, Seanchas Ardmhacha 1 (1954-55) 1-11: 10.
" The De Verdons were the original Anglo-Norman family to receive a grant in North County Louth in the late twelfth century, as part of the Norman conquest, probably in peaceful succession to O'Cearbhaill, the last of the Kings of Airghialla." They were succeeded by the O'Hanlons who paid rent to the De Verdons.
U1166.2 Cucuach Mac Gilla-espuic was killed by Donnsleibhe, grandson of Eochaidh [Ua Eochadha].
U1166.8 Eochaidh Mac Duinnsleibhe [Ua Eochadha] was blinded by Muircertach Ua Lochlainn, in violation of the protection of the successor of Patrick and of the Staff of Jesus and of Donnchadh Ua Cerbaill, namely, the arch-king of Airgialla.
M1166.9 Eochaidh Mac Duinnsleibhe Ua Eochadha, pillar of the prowess and hospitality of the Irish, was blinded by Muircheartach Ua Lochlainn; and the three best men of the Dal-Araidhe, i.e. two Mac Loingsighs, and the grandson of Cathasach Ua Flathrae, were killed by the same king, in violation of the protection of the successor of Patrick and the Staff of Jesus; of Donnchadh Ua Cearbhaill, lord of Oirghialla; and in violation of the protection of the relics, laity, and clergy of all the north of Ireland.
M1166.10 After this an army was led by Donnchadh Ua Cearbhaill, into Tir-Eoghain, to revenge the violation of the guarantee of Patrick and his own guarantee. Three large battalions was the number of his army, i.e. the battalion of Oirghialla, the battalion of Ui-Briuin, i.e. of Breifne, and the battalion of Conmhaicne. These hosts arrived at Leitir-Luin, in the Feadha of Ui-Eachdhach, in Tir-Eoghain. When these met Ua Lochlainn and the Cinel-Eoghain with a few troops, a fierce and merciless battle was fought between them, in which the Cinel-Eoghain were defeated, with the loss of Muircheartach Ua Lochlainn, Monarch of all Ireland, the chief lamp of the valour, chivalry, hospitality, and prowess of the west of the world in his time; a man who had never been defeated in battle or conflict till that time, and who had gained many battles. There were slain along with him in the battle, Ua Gillalainne and Ua hAdhmaill, two distinguished chieftains, and Mac Gillamartain, chief of Cinel-Fearadhaigh, with many others. It was to foretell the battle of Leath-Caimm and this battle, Dachiarog, i.e. the saint of Airegal, said:
2] Great heroes shall perish there,
3] They shall be caught at Leitir-Luin,
4] Though far, though late, though slow.
O'Donovan says that the Conmhaicne are the people of Connamara in the west of county Galway (M807) and notes: "Leitir-Luin. ... we may safely infer that it is situated in the parish of Newtown-Hamilton, barony of Upper Fews, and County of Armagh."
M1167.5 A great meeting was convened by Ruaidhri Ua Conchobhair and the chiefs of Leath-Chuinn, both lay and ecclesiastic, and the chiefs of the foreigners at Ath-buidhe-Tlachtgha. To it came the successor of Patrick; Cadhla Ua Dubhthaigh, Archbishop of Connaught; Lorcan Ua Tuathail, Archbishop of Leinster; Tighearnan Ua Ruairc, lord of Breifne; Donnchadh Ua Cearbhaill, lord of Oirghialla; Mac Duinnsleibhe Ua hEochadha, King of Ulidia; Diarmaid Ua Maeleachlainn, King of Teamhair; Raghnall, son of Raghnall, lord of the foreigners. The whole of their gathering and assemblage was thirteen thousand horsemen, of which six thousand were Connaughtmen, four thousand with O'Ruairc, two thousand with Ua Maeleachlainn, four thousand with Ua Cearbhaill and Ua hEochadha, two thousand with Donnchadh Mac Fhaelain, one thousand with the Danes of Ath-cliath. They passed many good resolutions at this meeting, respecting veneration for churches and clerics, and control of tribes and territories, so that women used to traverse Ireland alone; and a restoration of his prey was made by the Ui-Failghe at the hands of the kings aforesaid. They afterwards separated in peace and amity, without battle or controversy, or without any one complaining of another at that meeting, in consequence of the prosperousness of the king, who had assembled these chiefs with their forces at one place.
O'Donovan notes: "Ath-buidhe Tlachtgha: i.e. the Yellow Ford of Tlachtgha, now Athboy, a small town in the barony of Lune in the County of Meath. Tlachtga was the ancient name of the Hill of Ward, adjoining this town." Athboy is about 12 meters, or 8 miles, northwest of Trim, about the same distance south of Kells, and a little over 15 kilometers west by southwest of Navan.
A John McGough lived in the town of Athboy in 1854, almost 600 years after this meeting. See McGoughs, McGeoughs and McGoughs in County Meath.
M1169.10 An army of the men of Ireland was led by Ruaidhri Ua Conchobhair to Teamair; and the chiefs of the north of Ireland came to meet him, together with Maghnus Ua hEochadha, King of Ulidia, and Murchadh Ua Cearbhaill, lord of Oirghialla; and they went from thence to Ath-cliath, and returned home again.
U1170.6 A great, unbecoming deed was done by the monk, namely, by Amlaimh, son of the successor of [St.] Finnian of Magh-bile and by Maghnus Mac Duinnsleibhe [Ua Eochadha], king of Ulidia, along with the chiefs of Ulidia and with the Ulidians besides, except the bishop, Mael-Isu and Gilla-Domanghairt Mac Cormaic, successor of [St.] Comgall and Mael-Martain, successor of [St.] Finnian, with their communities: that is, the Congregation of Canons Regular, with their abbot, whom Mael-Moedoic Ua Morgair, Legate of the successor of [St.] Peter, instituted in Saball of [St.] Patrick, were expelled out of the monastery they themselves built and were despoiled completely, both of books and furniture, cows and persons, horses and sheep and all things they had collected therein from the time of the Legate aforesaid to then, save the tunics and the capes which were upon them at that hour,—through carnal jealousy and self-love and desire of honour for himself. For the monks of Drochait-atha deposed him from the abbacy [of Saball] for just causes. Alas! alas! alas! in sooth. Woe who did and woe the country wherein was done the deed. But it went not without vengeance from the Lord; for the chiefs who did it were killed at one and the same time by a few enemies and the king was wounded and killed unhappily a little while after, in the place wherein that unrighteous counsel was decided upon, namely, in Dun. Now, on Tuesday the Congregation was expelled; on Tuesday, at the end of a year, the nobles of Ulidia were killed and the king was wounded; on Tuesday, a little after, he himself was killed by his brother in Dun.
M1170.30 An unknown, atrocious deed was committed by Maghnus Ua hEochadha, King of Ulidia, and the monk Amhlaeibh, son of the successor of Finnen, and by the Ulidians in general,—
M1171.11 A great predatory force was led by Maghnus Mac Duinnsleibhe Ua hEochadha and the Ulidians into Cuil-an-tuais-ceirt; and they plundered Cuil-rathain Coleraine and other churches. A small party of the Cinel-Eoghain, under Conchobhair Ua Cathain, overtook them; and a battle was fought between them, in which the Ulidians were defeated, with the loss of one-and-twenty chieftains and sons of chieftains, with many others of the commonalty; and Maghnus himself was wounded, but he escaped from the conflict on that occasion. He was afterwards killed by his own brother, Donnsleibhe, and Gilla-Aenghusa, son of Mac Gillaepscoip, ruler of Monaigh at Dun Downpatrick, after having perpetrated many evil deeds.
O'Donovan notes: "Cuil-an-tuais-ceirt.Tuaisceart was the name of the ancient deanery in the north of the present County of Antrim, comprising the modern rural deaneries of Ballymoney and Dunluce. The cuil, i. e. the corner or angle of that territory, is the district now called the north-east liberties of Coleraine."
U1171.5 Great foraying force [was led] by Maghnus Mac Duinnsleibhe [Ua Eochadha] with all Ulidia into Cuil-in-tuaisceirt, so that they plundered Cuil-rathain and other churches, until a small number of the Cenel-Eogain under Conchobur Ua Cathain overtook them and gave battle and killed one and twenty men, both chiefs and sons of chiefs, and a multitude of others along with them. And Maghnus himself was wounded. And moreover that Maghnus was killed shortly after in Dun by Donnsleibhe, that is, by his own brother and by Gilla-Oenghusa Mac Gilla-espuic, namely, by the lawgiver of Monaigh, after great evils had been done by him,—namely, after leaving his own wedded wife and after taking his wife from his fosterer, that is, from Cu-maighi Ua Flainn and she [had been] the wife of his own brother at first, namely, of Aedh; after inflicting violence upon the wife of his other brother also, that is, of Eochaidh; after profanation of bells and croziers, clerics and churches. Donnsleibhe took the kingship in his stead.
M1171.26 The daughter of Ua hEochadha, and wife of Murchadh Ua Cearbhaill, lord of Oirghialla, died.
U1171.6 Ane, daughter of the Mac Duinnsleibhe [Ua Eochadha] queen of Airghialla, died.
"The High King of Ireland, Rory O Conor and the King of Breifne, Tighernán, struggled to resist the newcomers [Anglo-Normans] who would change the direction of Irish history. In 1171, with Murchadh I Cearbhaill (O Carroll), King of Oriel, they marched on Dublin and fought Milo de Cogan and the Norman knights, but were defeated." See Ua Ruairc of Bréifne.
M1172.6 Mulmurry Mac Murrough, Lord of Muintir Birn, was slain by Hugh Magennis and the Clann-Aodha of Ui Eathach Uladh.
and king of the Ui-Echach, was killed by Aedh Mac Oenghusa and by the Clann-Aedha of the Ui-Echach of Ulidia.
M1174.2 Maelpatrick O'Banan, Bishop of Connor and Dalaradia, a venerable man, full of sanctity, meekness, and purity of heart, died in righteousness, in Hy-Columbkille, at a venerable old age.
M1176.6 Cooey O'Flynn, Lord of Hy-Tuirtre, Firlee, and Dalaradia, was slain by Cumee, his own brother, and the Firlee.
M1177.3 An army was led by John De Courcy and the knights into Dalaradia and to Dun da leathghlas; they slew Donnell, the grandson of Cathasach, Lord of Dalaradia. Dun da leathghlas was plundered and destroyed by John and the knights who came in his army. A castle was erected by them there, out of which they defeated the Ulidians twice, and the Kinel-Owen and Oriels once, slew Conor O'Carellan, chief of Clandermot, and Gilla-Macliag O'Donnelly, chief of Feardroma; and Donnell O'Flaherty now Laverty was so wounded by arrows on this occasion, that he died of his wounds in the church of St. Paul at Armagh, after having received the body and blood of Christ, and after extreme unction and penance. Many other chieftains were also slain by them besides these. During the same expedition, John De Courcy proceeded with his forces to Hy-Tuirtre and Firlee; before his arrival, however, Cumee O'Flynn had set Armoy on fire; but they burned Coleraine and many other churches on this incursion.
U1177.5 A hosting by John De Courcy and by the knights into Dal-Araidhe (and to Dun-da-lethlas), on which they killed Domnall, grandson of Cathusach [Mac Duinnsleibhe Ua Eochadha], king of Dal-Araidhe.
U1178.5 It is in that year likewise went John [De Courcy], with his knights, pillaging from Dun to the Plain of Conaille, so that they took many preys therein and were a night in camp in Glenn-righi. Howbeit, Murchadh Ua Cerbaill, king of Airgialla, and Mac Duinnsleibhe [Ua Eochadha], king of Ulidia, with the Ulidians came up with them that night and made an onset upon them. Thereupon defeat was inflicted upon the Foreigners and stark slaughter was put upon them. The same John, notwithstanding, went for preys into Dal-Araidhe and into Ui-Tuirtri. But Cu-Midhe Ua Flainn, king of Ui-Tuirtri and Fir-Li, made an onset upon theme. That battle also went against the Foreigners and slaughter of them was inflicted.
U1178.6 The attack of Cualnge [was gained] by Ulidians and by Foreigners over John De Courcy.
M1178.7 John De Courcy soon after proceeded to plunder Dalaradia and Hy-Tuirtre; and Cumee O'Flynn, Lord of Hy-Tuirtre and Firlee, gave battle to him and his foreigners, and defeated them with great slaughter, through the miracles of Patrick, Columbkille, and Brendan; and John himself escaped with difficulty, being severely wounded, and fled to Dublin.
M1179.4 O'Rogan, Lord of Iveagh, died of three nights sickness, shortly after he had been expelled for violating the Canoin-Phatruig.
U1179.3 Ua Ruadhacain, king of Ui-Echach, died after three nights' illness, after his expulsion and after his profanation of the Canon of Patrick a short time before.
U1181.3 A hosting by Domnall, son of Aedh Ua Lochlainn and by the Cenel-Eogain of Telach-oc into Ulidia and they gained a battle over the Ulidians and over Ui-Tuirtri and over Fir-Li, around Ruaidhri Mac Duinnsleibhe [Ua Eochadha] and around Cu-Midhe Ua Flainn.
M1188.6 The English of the castle of Moy-Cova, and a party from Iveagh, in Ulidia, set out upon a predatory excursion into Tyrone, and arrived at Leim-mhic-Neill, where they seized on some cows; Donnell O'Loughlin pursued them with his retainers, and overtook them at Cavan na g-crann ard, where an engagement took place between them; and the English were defeated with great slaughter.
U1188.5 The Foreigners of the castle of Magh-Coba and a party of the Ui-Echach of Ulidia came on a foray into Tir-Eogain, until they reached to Leim-mic-Neill and seized cows there. And Domnall Ua Lochlainn went against them with a force of his own party, until he overtook them at Cabhan of the High Trees. They gave them battle and it went against the Foreigners and slaughter of them was inflicted. And a thrust of a foreign spear was given to the king alone, so that he fell there in the conflict that is, Domnall, son of Aedh Ua Lochlainn, king of Ailech and [worthy to be] royal heir of Ireland for form and for sense and for excellence and for prudence. And he was carried that very day to Ard-Macha and buried there honourably.
M1189.5 Donnell, the son of Murtough Mac Loughlin, was slain by the English of Dalaradia while he was staying amongst them.
U1195.5 Sitriuc Ua Gailmredhaigh was killed by [Maghnus] Mac Duinnsleibhe [Ua Eochadha].
U1196.2 A hosting by Ruaidhri Mac Duinnsleibhe [Ua Eochadha] with the Foreigners and with the sons of the kings of Connacht to Cenel-Eogain and the Airthir. Howbeit, the Cenel-Eogain of Telach-oc and the Airthir came to the Plain of Ard-Macha and gave them battle and defeat was inflicted upon Mac Duinnsleibe and stark slaughter of his people took place there, namely, twelve sons of the kings of Connacht.
U1200.4 A foray by Ruaidhri Mac Duinnsleibhe [Ua Eochadha] with some of the Foreigners of Meath, so that they pillaged the Monastery of Paul and Peter [in Armagh] until they left not therein but one cow.
M1208.4 Duvinnsi Magennis, Lord of Clann-Aodha, in Iveagh, was slain by the son of Donslevy O'Haughy.
M1252.2 The castle of Caol-Uisce was erected by Maurice Fitzgerald, as was also the castle of Moy-Cova [in Iveagh].
M1252.8 The Lord Justice of Ireland came to Armagh with a very numerous army, and proceeded thence to Iveagh, from which he marched back to Cluain-Fiachna. Brian O'Neill and his brother made submission to him, and Rory O'Neill was given up to him as a hostage. It was on this expedition a riot took place between the men of Meath and the men of Munster, in the English camp at Dundalk, and many of the men of Munster were killed.
U1252-The Justiciary of Ireland came with a great host to Ard-Macha and therefrom into Ui-Eathach and from here backwards to Cluain-Fiacna. And Brian Ua Neill gave full submission to him then and delivered his own brother, that is, Ruaighri Ua Neill, as a hostage to them.
M1253.10 A great war was waged with the English by Brian O'Neill, Chief of Kinel-Owen. He marched to Moy-Cova, the castle of which, with a great number of other castles, he demolished. He also burned Sradbhaile, and desolated Machaire-Uladh.
M1347.6 Thomas Mac Artan, Lord of Iveagh, in Ulidia, was hanged by the English.
M1380.6 A very great defeat was given by Magennis (Art) to the English and the people of Orior. O'Hanlon, Chief of Orior, and great numbers of the English, were slain on this occasion.
M1380.8 Art Magennis, Lord of Iveagh, in Ulidia, was treacherously taken prisoner in the house of Mortimer. After this the Irish and many of the English stood very much in awe of him [Mortimer, who had just arrived in Ireland "with great powers"]; and, seeing themselves at his mercy, they resolved not to cultivate any familiarity with him.
M1380.14 An army was led by Mortimer into Ulster, and many fortresses and towns were destroyed by him on that occasion, including both lay and ecclesiastical buildings, as Urnaidhe, Donaghmore, Errigal, Clogher, &c.
M1383.8 Art Magennis, Lord of Iveagh in Ulster, sole prop of the hospitality of Ireland in his time, died of the plague at Trim, where he had been detained in prison by the English.
M1396.11 Cu-Uladh Magennis, heir to the lordship of Iveagh, was slain by the English.
M1399.11 Magennis (Murtough, the son of Murtough More), Lord of Iveagh, was slain by his own tribe.
M1400.4 Rory, the son of Art Magennis, Lord of Iveagh in Ulidia, was slain by the sons of Cu-Uladh O'Neill, assisted by Caffar Magennis, his own brother.
M1407.10 Hugh Magennis, Lord of Iveagh, was slain by his own relatives and tribe.
M1418.3 Great depredations were committed by Lord Furnival upon Hugh Magennis, Lord of Iveagh, in Ulidia. Magennis and Mac-I-Neill Boy set out in pursuit of the English and the preys, and defeated them, after they had left the preys behind. Countless numbers of the English were slain and taken prisoners on this occasion by Magennis.
M1420.7 The Earl of Ormond, Justiciary of Ireland, waged war with the Ultonians, to obtain dominion for O'Neill; and he reduced Magennis under submission to O'Neill, and delivered up his hostages to him.
M1444.3 Hugh Boy, the son of Brian Ballagh O'Neill, Roydamna of Ireland, the most renowned, hospitable, and valorous of the princes of Ireland in his time, and who had planted more of the lands of the English, in despite of them, than any other man of his day, was wounded by the cast of a javelin in Iveagh; and he continued in the agonies of death for twenty-four days, i.e. from Spy-Wednes- day to the second day of summer, when he expired, on Saturday precisely, having vanquished the world and the Devil.
M1453.7 The Clann-Hugh-Boy O'Neill sustained a great defeat at Ardglass from the Savadges, assisted by the English of Dublin. A fleet of Welsh ships of war had plundered the fleet of Dublin, and taken the Archbishop prisoner; and the English of Dublin having pursued them with a large fleet, as far as the north sea, Henry Mac-I-Neill Boy met them on their return at Ardglass, but was taken prisoner by the English; and Cu-Uladh, the son of Cathbharr Magennis, heir to the lordship of Iveagh, Hugh Magennis, Mac Artan, and fifteen captains from the territory of the Route, were slain. The total loss on the side of the Irish amounted to five hundred and twenty.
M1493.12 [The battle, at Beanna-Boirche. Magennis, i.e. Hugh, the son of Art, son of Hugh, joined the forces of the O'Neils against the O'Donnells.]
M1503.13 A very great army was led by Niall, the son of Con, son of Hugh Boy O'Neill, with his English and Irish confederates, into Tyrone, and traversed all Tyrone and Iveagh, and brought all his men in safety to his house.
M1598.23. O'Neill and O'Donnell, the Ui Eathach Uladh. and the Oirghialla, having, together with the chieftains, warriors, heroes, and champions of the North, drawn up one terrible mass before them [the English], placed and arranged on the particular passages where they thought the others would march on them.
from Irish AnnalsUlidia, Ui Eathach Cobha, and Dal Araide
Updated November 18, 2009
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