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McGoughs, McGeoughs, and McGeoghs in the Civil Parish of Donaghmoyne and the Barony of Farney
This page covers McGoughs, McGeoughs, and McGeoghs in the civil parish of Donaghmoyne in county Monaghan, Ireland, and the other civil parishes that make up the barony of Farney, formerly also known as Donaghmoyne—and a few McGoughs in townlands of the parish of Killanny that are in county Louth. Numbers in front of McGough names are references to my table: McGoughs, McGeoughs, and McGeoghs in Ireland in the 1820–30s and 1850–60s: By County, Parish, and Townland.
County Monaghan includes five baronies: Trough, Monaghan, and Dartree, running from north to south along the northwest border of the county; Cremorne in the center; and Farney in the southeast. The barony of Farney is bounded on the north by the barony of Cremorne, on the east by county Armagh, on the south by the counties of Louth and Meath, and on the west by county Cavan. For a map of the five baronies that make up county Monaghan, see: Carrickmacross—A Plantation Town. For a map of the baronies and parishes, see County Monaghan Baronies. For the location of the parishes alone, see the civil parishes of county Monaghan. Here is a modern map of the baronies in Ireland.
For several hundred years after the Norman invasion that began in 1169, the barony of Farney was referred to as the barony of Donaghmoyne. The History of County Monaghan by Evelyn Philip Shirley (London, Pickering and Company, 1879), at page 74, quotes a commission issued on September 18, 1575, "for dividing the part of Ulster not yet reduced to Shire-Grounde":
"Com : Monohon. The particulare meets and boundes, lymitts and pcynncts of the Countye of Monohon, with the baronyes of the same.
"Firste it conteyneth fyve baronyes, viz. : the barony of Monohoan, the barony of Cloweneshe [Clones, now Dartree] the barony of Moene [now Cremorne], the barony of Donamyne [now Farney], and the barony of Downe [? —perhaps the modern county Down, but it was probably intended to refer to Trough, formerly Trow or Twaghe or Twaueche; this is the only reference to the barony of Down in Shirley's book]."
Patrick J. Duffy, in Landscapes of South Ulster—A Parish Atlas of the Diocese of Clogher, at page 92, says that the barony of Farney was known as Donaghmoyne in the 16th and 17th centuries.
The name Farney was was imported from another area in county Monaghan about 40 kilometers (25 miles) west by northwest of the present barony of Farney—around Lough Ooney, which is about 3 kilometers west of the village of Smithborough in the parish of Roslea in the barony of Dartry. The grid reference of Lough Ooney is H560 298 on sheet 28A (Cavan, Fermanagh, Monaghan, Tyrone) of the 1 50 000 Discovery Series of the Ordnance Survey of Ireland. See Mughdhorna and A McGoughMcMahon Connection?
What is referred to in the Annals of the Four Masters as "Magh-Fearnmaighe, in Oirghialla" (Year of the World 3529, O'Donovan's edition) is the territory around Lough Ooney—to the west of the modern-day barony of Farney . According to these Annals, the battle of Acadh-Leithdheirg, in which the three Collas defeated the king of Ulster, was fought in Farney in 331 AD. In later sections of the Annals, Farney is spelled Fearnmaighe in the English translation; in Gaelic, Fernmaighe. The modern parish of Donaghmoyne was referred to Domhnach Maighen. The Annals note:
M830.4 Tuathal, son of Fearadhach, was carried off by the foreigners, and the shrine of Adamnan from Domhnach Maighen.*
*"Domhnach-maighen : i. e. the Church of Moyne, or the small plain, now Donaghmoyne, in the barony of Farney, and County of Monaghan.—See Colgan's Acta Sanctorum, page 424; also Shirley's Account of the Territory or Dominion of Farney, pp. 151, 152, 153." (O'Donovan's note.)
U832. Tuathal son of Feradach was taken away by the heathens, and Adamnán's shrine from Domnach Maigen.
The civil parish of Donaghmoyne encompasses several townlands that are in the Catholic parish of Inniskeen. The townlands of Drumdreeny, Mullaghunshinagh, and Shancobane, for example, are in the civil parish of Donaghmoyne. The townlands are among the thirty-three townlands within the southwest tip of the civil parish of Donaghmoyne that are in the Catholic parish of Inniskeen. The civil parish of Inishkeen is only about half the size of the Catholic parish of Inniskeen. My table of McGoughs in Ireland in the 19th century, and the categorization of townlands on this page, are based on the civil parishes.
Evelyn Philip Shirley, in his The History of County Monaghan, at page 357, describes the engravings on church plate belonging to the parish of Donaghmoyne. Of the five inscribed pieces, only a silver cup and a silver plate, donated as a set in 1729, bear the same spelling of the parish: Donaghmain. The other spellings are: Donemaine, Donamaine, and Donamoine. Other spellings in documents cited below are: Donamyne, Donemayne, Donenaghmoyne (Latin), Donnemayne, Donomoyne, Donymayne, and Dunamine. Excerpts from the Hibernian Journal 1771–1784, sent to me by James P McMahon, contain this entry: "July 19, 1782. Died: Rev. Francis M'Mahon, Catholic rector of Dunamine, Co. Monaghan." The Kilkenny Independent of Saturday, May 31, 1828, reported this receipt of rents by the Catholic Association: "Rent transmitted by Mr. Duffy, Churchwarden of Dunamine, county Monaghan, including 1£. each from the Rev. Messrs. Ross, M'Mahon, and S. Fogarty, 5£." In her Surname Index to the 1796 Flax Seed Premium Entitlement Lists, Ann McGeough Harney spells the name of the parish with a double n at the end of the first syllable—Dunnamine. The same spelling is used in the web page: Roman Catholic Diocese of Clogher, 1836. In A Census of Ireland, Circa 1659, at page 156, the name is spelled Donomoyne.
Peadar Livingstone, at page 75 of The Monaghan Story, says that "Donaghmoyne was the heart-land of the Clancarroll."
Donnchadh Ua Cerbhail was the greatest of the O'Carroll kings of the Airghialla. He ruled from about 1125 until his death in 1168. In 1165, Donncadh O"Carroll was granted the part of county Down in which is located the Mountains of Mourne. About this time, a tribe of McGoughs moved from O'Carroll's domain in county Monaghan to the part of county Down that was newly acquired by O'Carroll. O'Carroll may have sponsored the move, since he was ruler of both Cremorne, from which the McGoughs migrated, and Mourne, their destination in county Down. (See Livingstone's The Monaghan Story, page 40.) Here is a quotation from my page on the Mughdhorna, to which the interested reader is referred for further discussion (especially the subsection entitled Migration to County Mourne):
"In 1165, Eochaidh Mac Duinnsleibhe [Ua Eochadha], then king of Ulidia, gave up the territory of Bairche, that is Mourne, in County Down, to Muircheartach Ua Lochlainn, king (under protest) of Ireland [Irish Kings #182]. Muircheartach Ua Lochlainn immediately granted that territory to Donncadh Ua Cearbhaill [O'Carroll] of Louth, lord of Airghialla. [M1165.5, U1165.10]. Donnchadh Ua Cearbhaill took Eochaidh Mac Duinnsleibh under his protection. Peadar Livingstone says that Eochaidh Mac Duinn Slebe (Eochaidh Mac Duinnsleibhe [Ua Eochadha]) was the foster brother of Donnchadh O'Carroll (Ua Cearbhaill). The Monaghan Story, page 42. Eochaidh's daughter, Ane, was married to Murchadh Ua Cearbhaill, son of Donnchadh Ua Cearbhaill, and became queen of Airghialla when Muirchadh succeeded his father to the throne. [U1171.6, M1171.26]. At about this time, a significant number of the sept of Mhigh Eotach or Mac Eochy [McGough] moved to the barony of Mourne in county Down from the territory of the Mughdhorna in Airghialla. They gave their name to the townland of Ballymageogh and one of the mountains of Mourne, Slievemageogh."
See Where the Mountains of Mourne Sweep Down to the Sea—Ballymageogh and Slievemageogh in County Down. Does the fact that at about this same time Eochaidh Mac Duinnsleibhe [Ua Eochadha] placed Mourne under the protection of Donnchadh Ua Cerbhaill, and Donnchadh Ua Cearbhaill extended his personal protection to Eochaidh, indicate a connection between the name of that Eochaidh and the surname McGough?
Duffy, at page 92, says that the Donaghmoyne area was called Clann Cearbhaill down to the 16th century, reflecting the name of the O'Carrolls who held the territory in the 12th century and were displaced by the MacMahons in the 13th century. Ireland's History in Maps shows the Ua Cerbaill (O'Carrolls) as a principal dynasty in Fernmag (Farney) in Airgialla (Oriell) in 1100 and 1200. To the northeast (in county Down) are the Mac Duinnsleibe (Donlevy or Dunleavy). By 1300, the Ua Cerbaill have been replaced on the maps by the Mac Mahons, and the Mac Duinnsliebe have been replaced by by the MacCartans.
The O'Carroll Family History tells us: "In Ulster the Irish Mac Cearbhaill is now anglicized to Mac Carvill. This Ulster sept was situated at Ballymaccarroll and was particularly noted for their musicians." Thus far, I have been unable to locate the ballybetagh of Ballymaccaroll. In English records, Pádraig Mac Airt Mhaoil MacKenna was called Patrick Mc Art Moyle (Mc Mahon). (Shirley, page 115). Livingstone, at page 586, says that his estate, in 1592, included the ballebetagh of Ballemaccorrill*, which may be the place from which the O'Carrolls ruled. By 1164, the O'Carrolls ruled from the village of Louth. Donnchadh Ua Cearbhaill (Donough O'Carroll) was the lord of Airghialla (Oirghialla) at this time, with his headquarters in Lughmadh, that is, the village of Louth, eight miles west of Dundalk, in what is now county Louth. (See M1164.4). See Airghialla.
*"In 1594, the Ballym'Carroll, parcel of lands of Gillekeaghe M'Carroll, and of Ballymack-Carroll, lapsed to the crown." O'Carroll Family History,
The Annals describe Cucaisill Ua Cearbhail as "lord of Fearnmhagh and Oirghialla" in 1101:
M1101.7 Donnchadh Ua Maeleachlainn, lord of Meath, set out upon a predatory excursion into Fearnmhagh, and into Conaille, and took immense spoils of cows; but Cucaisill Ua Cearbhaill, lord of Fearnmhagh and Oirghialla, overtook one of the spoils at Airgedgleann, and slew the host which he overtook, except very few; among the slain were Echthighern Ua Braein, lord of Breaghmhaine; the grandson of Cairthen Ua Mailruain; Ua Indreadhain, chief of Ua Maeleachlainn's household, and two hundred men along with them.
O'Donovan's notes says that Airgedleann was probably the townland of Monyglen in Donaghmoyne:
"Airgedgleann : i. e. the Silver Glen, or Money Glen. This is probably the place now called Monyglen, in the parish of Donaghmoyne, barony of Farney, and County of Monaghan." (volume II, page 969.)
For a list of references in the Annals to the Airghialla, Ua Cerbhail, and men of Farney, see my page: Airghialla.
Peadar Livingstone notes:
"After their fall from power, the O'Carroll centre was Clancarroll or Donaghmoyne. In 1297, their reputed chieftain was Walter O'Carroll. Presumably with the growth of the MacMahons, the O'Carroll chieftain ceased to be a territorial ruler." (The Monaghan Story, page 70.).
A document called the Clericis Laicos set out the ten principal lords of Monaghan in 1297, including Walter O'Carroll. Livingstone comments:
"Walter O'Carroll—lord of Clancarroll was in the Donaghmoyne area of east Monaghan, and the bordering area of Inniskeen. It took its name not from the O'Carroll family but from a branch of the Mugdorna." (The Monaghan Story, page 49.)
The last sentence surprises me, and is inconsistent with statements made by Evelyn Philip Shirley that are set out in the next section.
The O'Carrolls and McMahons were both of the Ua Nadsluaig. There is a chart of the Clan Nadsluaig that shows the relationship of the O'Carrolls and McMahons on the website: The Clan McMahon of the Kingdom of Oriel. Go to The MacMahon Story and click on The MacMahon Lineage. See especially the page entitled Introduction to the Genealogy from the Collas to the MacMahons and the nine attached lineage charts prepared by Donald Schlegel. See also my page: A McGoughMcMahon Connection?
Evelyn Philip Shirley, at page 519 of The History of County Monaghan, lists the townlands of the civil parish of Donaghmoyne that were, in 1692, called "of the Mountains of Clankervill" (mountains of clan Carroll). Shirley's list of the townlands in Donaghmoyne, with those in the mountains of Clankerville designated by an asterisk, are published in the Shirley Papers by PRONI. In a footnote on page 14 of his book, Shirley says:
"The name O'Carroll is preserved in Clancarroll, corruptly Clankerville (recte Clan Chearbhaill), i. e. the children of Carroll, which was the distinctive appellation, in as late as the middle of the seventeenth century, of a district in the parish of Donaghmoyne, in the barony of Farney."
The surname Carvill is derived from Mac Cearbhaill. In the 19th century, the name (including Mac Carvill) in Ireland was most common in counties Armagh, Down and Monaghan. See Irish Ancestors.
An area called the "Manor of Clancarville" in 1568 encompassed part of county Monaghan to the east of the mountains of Clancarville, stretching to the border with county Louth, and including the area that I assume is around the present townland of Kilmurry in the civil parish of Donaghmoyne, as well as the present civil parish of Inniskeen. At page 259, Shirley cites a document dated July 10, 1568, that was drawn up by Nicholas Taff of "Rathoskey." The document divided the territory of Farney into six areas. The first five were: Magherclony (94 carucates), Magheross (38 carucates), Donaghmoyne (43 carucates), Ballyboghe (54 carucates), and Aghnomullen (30 carucates).
"Then follows the Manor of 'Clancarville,' divided into the parishes of Eniskene and Killmury, 'alias our Lady parish,' altogether estimated as thirty-two carucates."
A "carucate" is a term from the Domesday Book that includes approximately 240 English acres. Shirley points out that this rough survey is very inaccurate.
The townlands of the mountains of Clankervill form the northwest part of the parish of Donaghmoyne. The high point within these townlands is Fincarn Hill, which rises 230 meters above sea level. Fincarn Hill is a little less than 6 kilometers due south of the town of Castleblayney, and 3 kilometers west of the northern tip of Lough Egish. On sheet 28B (Sraith Eolais: Armagh, Cavan, Monaghan, and Tyrone) of the Discovery Series the 1:50 000 map of the Ordnance Survey of Ireland, Fincarn Hill is at national grid reference H 826 747. Fincarn Hill and the townlands of Aghnafarcan and Monyglen are also shown near the bottom of sheet 28 (1982), Monaghan, of the 1:50 000 map of the Ordnance Survey of Northern Ireland.
Both the dioceses of Armagh, which contains most of county Louth, and Clogher, which contains county Monaghan, are in the Catholic province of Armagh. For a map, see the "Map of the Dioceses of the Province of Armagh" in The Structure of the Catholic Church in Ireland. See also the map of the dioceses in Northern Ireland, which does not contain the part of the dioceses of Clogher and Armagh that are in the Republic of Ireland.
The parish of Donaghmoyne, and the barony of Farney, are on the boundary of the two dioceses, and parts of the territory moved from Armagh to Clogher in ancient times, then back to Armagh in the 11th century. Because Donaghmoyne lies partly in both Clogher and Armagh, I include the briefest of chronologies of the dioceses—with the intention of improving on this material later.
"In 1125 he [Turlough O'Connor] set up Domhnall O'Carroll as king of Airgialla, the first of the O'Carroll family to enjoy the title. Domhnall O'Carroll was killed the same year. Soon afterwards Donnchadh O'Carroll became king of Airgialla. Donnchadh was the most illustrious of the O'Carrolls and the only Airgialla king really to make the national headlines. During his reign Airgialla reached its greatest strength as a province, and all during these years Donnchadh was a figure of national importance.
"Early on in his reign, Donnchadh O'Carroll helped to install the reforming Galasius MacRory as archbishop of Armagh. He succeeded in having Louth taken from Armagh and added to the Airgialla diocese of Clogher to which St. Malachy's brother, Christian Mac Morgair, was appointed bishop." (The Monaghan Story, page 41)
"While the O'Carrolls ruled in the twelfth century, Louth was the headquarters of the diocese [of Clogher] but when the O'Carrolls were beaten and Louth lost to Clogher, the centre of gravity moved very much to the west." (The Monaghan Story, page 78.)
Here is a chronology of events leading to the formation of the dioceses of Armagh and Clogher:
1101—Synod of Cashel. Beginning of the 12th century reform of the Irish church. Presided over by Muirchertach Ua Briain, king of Munster, and attended by numerous clerics and lay magistrates.
1111—Synod of Ráith Bressail. Diocesan organization of Irish church planned.
1124–1127. St. Malachy was bishop of Down and Connor, and abbot of Bangor. Ancient Through Modern Times In Celtic History—1,000 AD to 1399 AD. In 1134, St. Malachi later became Bishop of Armagh. Three years later, he resigned and became Bishop of Down.
1129—"Before Ceallach's death in 1129 he chose as his successor (St) Malachy who had to face stern opposition from Clann Sinaigh unwilling to recognise an Archbishop not belonging to their family with its traditional hereditary right to the abbacy of Armagh, and Malachy resigned his See. Gelasius (1137-74) received the pallium at the Synod of Kells, 1152. Conchubhar Mac Conchaille (1174-75) is still venerated as St Concord - the French finding his Irish name difficult to pronounce - for his sanctity at Chambery, where he died on his return journey from Rome." Archdiocese of Armagh—History.
1132—St. Malachy consecrated archbishop of Armagh.
1152—Synod of Kells convened on Mar. 6 but later transferred to Mellifont; Cardinal Paparo brings four pillia and completes diocesan organization of Irish Church, then departs on mar. 24. Ancient Through Modern Times In Celtic History—1,000 AD to 1399 AD.) The Chronology of Ireland tells us: 1152—The diocesan system planned in 1111 finally comes into being at the Synod of Kells, at which Ireland is divided into 36 sees with four archbishoprics (Armagh, Cashel, Dublin and Tuam). The papal legate, Cardinal John Paparo, having presented insignia to the four archbishops, reports to the pope that the Church in Ireland is now sufficiently well organized to tend its flock. "Armagh enjoyed the primacy among the four arch-dioceses and the Synod succeeded in ending the control of Armagh by laymen; it was subsequently headed by a bishop." Millennium/Significant Events (Part Two) by Local Ireland Almanac—Twelfth Century - Church Reform.
1241— Henry III ordered that Clogher should be united to Armagh, on account of the poverty of both dioceses, but this was not carried out. Under Bishop David O'Brogan, however, the greater part of the present county Louth, including Dundalk, Drogheda, and Ardee, was taken over by Armagh. In 1247, Archbishop Rayner separated the county of Louth from the diocese of Clogher, and annexed it to Armagh.
Here is an article entitled Diocese of Armagh - Ard Macha from The Dioceses of Ireland—Territorial History, which includes a map of the dioceses.
"The Archdiocese of Armagh at present comprises almost the whole of the counties Armagh and Louth, a great part of Tyrone, and portions of Derry and of Meath. The boundaries drawn in the 12th century likely included that of the ancient territory of Oirghialla (Oriel) and in the next century that of the Conaille Muirtheimhne (of Louth). Following the 12th century the ruling Irish families in the north of the diocese were the Uí hAnluain (O'Hanlons) and their powerful sponsors the Uí Neill, while the southern portion of the diocese was held by the Anglo-Normans. In all ancient Synods and visitations the clergy of the English and Irish parts were congregated separately, the clergy of southern part assembling for visitation at Drogheda, and those of the northern at Armagh. In 1247, Archbishop Rayner separated the county of Louth from the diocese of Clogher, and annexed it to Armagh.
" In 1152, Cardinal Paparo placed the following Sees under the jurisdiction of the archbishop of Armagh: Connor, Dumdaleghlas (now Down), Lugud, Cluainaird (or Clonard), Connanas, Ardachad (now Ardagh), Rathboth (now Raphoe), Rathlurig (or Rathlure), Damliag, and Darrick (now Derry)."
For a more detailed article, go to Armagh in The Catholic Encyclopedia published by New Advent. Here is a map of the parishes of the Diocese of Armagh.
Here is an article entitled Diocese of Clogher - Clogherensis from The Dioceses of Ireland—Territorial History:
"The modern Diocese of Clogher comprises the county Monaghan, almost the whole of Fermanagh, the southern portion of Tyrone, and parts of Donegal, Louth, and Cavan. It takes its name from Clogher, the seat of the Prince of Oriel, with whose territory the old Diocese of Clogher was, practically speaking, coextensive. So late as the 12th century, Edan O'Killedy, bishop of the See, subscribed his name as Bishop of Uriel (Oriel , or more anciently Oirghialla). The ancient See of Clones was at a remote period annexed to it, as also were those of Ardsrath and Louth.
"It was under Bishop David O'Brogan that large portions of Tyrone were cut off from Clogher and given to Ardstraw (aka Rathlure, now united with Derry), while the greater part of the present county Louth, including Dundalk, Drogheda, and Ardee, was taken over by Armagh. It was about 1266 that the bishopric of Ardstraw was taken possession of by the Bishop of Derry, and Louth by the Archbishop of Armagh."
For a more detailed article, go to Diocese of Clogher (Clogherensis) in The Catholic Encyclopedia published by New Advent.
The Chronology of Ireland tells us:
1177—John de Courcy invades Ulster and seizes Down around 1 February; he defeats its king, Rory MacDonlevy, twice (although the northern clergy use sacred relics as talismans on MacDonlevy's behalf).
1178— John de Courcy is defeated by Cumee O'Flynn in the course of a cattle raid in north Antrim, and later by Murrough O'Carroll, king of Uriel (who will defeat him again in 1180).
Patrick J. Duffy, at page 92 of his Landscapes of South Ulster: A Parish Atlas of the Diocese of Ulster, says:
"The O'Carroll kingdom had been weakened by the Norman penetration of Arghialla in the 1190s when the Pipards built a motte and bailey in Donaghmoyne, followed in 1244 by a stone castle (Mannan Castle). The MacMahon influence expanded in the south of Airghialla as Norman power in the marchlands of the Pale receded after 1300."
The History of County Monaghan by Evelyn Philip Shirley (London, Pickering and Company, 1879), at pages 14–5, describes the building of Mannan Castle in Donaghmoyne:
"Farney had the misfortune, from its position on the frontiers, to be exposed to the depredations of both the English and Irish, though recognized by the former as parcel of the county of Louth, and claimed by the latter as belonging to Mac Mahons country.
"The exact date in which it was first erected into a manor, by the name of the Manor of Donaghmoyne, from the principal parish of the district, and granted by the Crown to the Anglo-Norman family of Pipard [Peter], we have no means of ascertaining.
"The 'Annals of Kilronan," however, under the year 1197, inform us that 'the Castle of Domhnach Maighen (Donaghmoyne) was built in this year,' and the Register of Cloghere has fixed that event 'about the year 1200,' preserving the name of Roger Pipard, Baron of Atherdee, as the founder; we may, therefore, infer that the ancient territory of Farney was granted to the ancestor of the Pipards very soon after the Anglo-Norman Invasion. This family appears to have been in possession upwards of a century."
See also The Monaghan Story by Peadar Livingstone (Clogher Historical Society 1980), page 44. (Livingstone, and a few other reliable sources, spell the modern name of the castle as "Manaan.") The Annals of Ulster tell us that the castle was covered with a stone roof in 1244:
U1244.5 (The castle of Domnach-Mhaighean was covered [roofed] with stone this year.)
Livingstone says that this statement indicates that the original building was of wood. He also says that the impressive remains of the various mottes and baileys, which he describes in detail in a footnote, indicate that the Normans intended for the fort to be a major fortification. Mannan Castle is 5 kilometers north by northeast of the town of Carrickmacross, and is now the site of a golf course. On sheet 35, Sraith Eolais, of the Discovery Series of 1:50 000 maps published by the Ordnance Survey of Ireland, it will be found at Irish grid reference H857 075.
The History of Our Towns & Villages by Ciara Nolan says:
"A parish only 5 km from the town, Donaghmoyne is home to Mannan Castle. Built in the 12th century by Peter Pipard who was granted the area, along with his brothers, by King George of England. Peter Pipard built a great hill-top motte and bailey castle. It was a primitive attempt; however, in 1224 another member of the family, Ralph, encased it with stone. The castle has been restored and is now renowned for its golf course also." (I made some changes in punctuation.)
"*Walter de Lacy has to invoke the aid of King Richard against his brother John de Lacy, who has sought to deny him the lordship of Meath. Walter apprehends Peter Pipard (John's justiciar) and his knights.
* Walter de Lacy gives a charter to the new town of Drogheda.
In 1302, Sir Ralph Pipard, Knight, Lord of the Manor of Donaghmoyne, deeded to the king all his Irish properties, and directed his constable to deliver his castles, including, in latin, "Donenaghmoyne." (Shirley, page 15)
[Hugo Pipard was high sheriff of Lancashire in 1185; Gilbert Pipard from 1185 to 1188; and Gilbert's brother, Peter Pipard, in 1189. See The High Sheriffs of Lancashire. Another source says that Peter Pipard, brother of Gilbert, was Sheriff of Lancashire from 1185 to 1188. Heraldry in Lancashire Castle. Here is information from the history of the town of Ardee, county Louth:
"When King John came to Ireland in the late 1100’s, he apportioned parcels of land out to his closest relatives and confidantes. The first Lord of Ardee was Gilbert de Pippard, who was followed in turn by his brothers Peter and Roger de Pippard. Between the three of them they soon proceeded to build defences and churches, although Roger has been credited with accomplishing most of the foundation of the burgeoning town. From his inheritance of the title, from 1197 to the year of his death in 1225, the town was consolidated into its present shape. ...
"One of the grandest focal points in the town is the castle ... Reputed to have been built in the early years of the 1200’s by Roger de Pipard (whose name carries on locally to this day as Pepper), although recent detailed examinations of the structure have determined that the castle as it now stands dates no earlier than the fifteenth century. Most commonly referred to as Pipard’s Castle, it has also been known as the King’s Castle in early records, when the fortress was a mustering place for attacks upon Ulster. ]
From Peppard Family Early History:
Gilbert de Angula, the first known ancestor of the Peppard family was said to have witnessed the signing of the Magna Carta ("Great Charter") by King John of England in 1215.
Gilbert de Angula had two son's: Jacelin, Baron of Navan, and Peter Peppard, the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland.
Jacelin was given Navan and Ardbraccon in 1179. He was the first Baron of Navan.
Peter Peppard who was the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland in 1195 and the first person to use the Peppard name had two son's Ralph and Roger. Roger founded a religious house* in Aberdden (Ardee) County South (Louth), Ireland in 1207 and was the Lord of Districts for the order of Monks called The Cross Bearers under the title of St. John the Baptist.
*A Historical Look at Ardee by Sean King & Rosemary King tells us
"The 'Priests Mount' or Castleguard: It was the Anglo-Norman invaders (who came at the end of the 12th century) that created the town, as we know today. The earthwork east of Ardee known locally as the 'Priests Mount' or Castleguard (it’s ancient title) is 90 feet in height and was erected or adapted by them.
"Roger Pippard, Lord of Ardee, built a Monastery for the Crossed Friars in 1207."
And from Sights of Ardee, with a brief history attached:
"The old Church of Saint Mary can be seen facing the newer church on the Drogheda Road. The old church was built in 1829 it is said on the site of an earlier Trinitarian monastery and hospital dedicated to St. John and founded by Roger de Pippard in 1207. This monastery must have been highly regarded: it is noted in several records during its heyday and accumulated large grants of land. It flourished for 350 years until it was seized and the monks disbanded by order of King Henry VIII."
Ralph I and two son's: Ralph II and Philip. Ralph II founded during the reign of King Edward I of England (1272-1307) the St. Mary's Abbey in Ardee.
According to O'Donovan's notes to the Annals of the Four Master, on July 9, 1573, Queen Elizabeth granted Walter Devereux, who on March 4, 1572, had been made Earl of Essex, the "seigniories" of Clannaboy and Ferney, and other lands, "in as unlimited a manner as if the O'Neills or Mac Mahons had no claim to these territories." (Clannaboy was territory of the O'Neills east of Lough Neagh in the present counties of Antrim and Down.) The purpose of the grant was to allow Devereux to oust the Irish and settle the English therein. Devereux was the common ancestor of the Shirleys and the Baths. See The Shirley Papers published by PRONI, especially The Queen's commission to Walter Devereux, 1st Earl of Essex.
The Annals of the Four Masters note:
"M1573.5. An English Earl, the Earl of Essex by name, came to Ireland as President over the province of Ulster in the autumn of this year, and went to reside in Carrickfergus and in Clannaboy. At this time Brian, the son of Felim Bacagh O'Neill, was chief of Trian-Chongail* and Clannaboy; and many plundering attacks and conflicts took place between Brian and the Earl from this time to the festival of St. Patrick following."
*According to O'Donovan's notes, Trian-Chongail was the old name of Clannaboy.
"M1574.4. Peace, sociality, and friendship, were established between Brian, the son of Felim Bacagh O'Neill, and the Earl of Essex; and a feast was afterwards prepared by Brian, to which the Lord Justice and the chiefs of his people were invited; and they passed three nights and days together pleasantly and cheerfully. At the expiration of this time, however, as they were agreeably drinking and making merry, Brian, his brother, and his wife, were seized upon by the Earl, and all his people put unsparingly to the sword, men, women, youths, and maidens, in Brian's own presence. Brian was afterwards sent to Dublin, together with his wife and brother, where they were cut in quarters. Such was the end of their feast. This unexpected massacre, this wicked and treacherous murder of the lord of the race of Hugh Boy O'Neill, the head and the senior of the race of Eoghan, son of Niall of the Nine Hostages, and of all the Gaels, a few only excepted, was a sufficient cause of hatred and disgust of the English to the Irish."
"M1575.3. In the autumn of this year a new Lord Justice arrived in Ireland, namely, Sir Henry Sidney. He landed in Ulster, and found Ireland one scene of warfare and intestine commotion. He (however) established peace, friendship, and charity between the Kinel-Connell and the Kinel-Owen, and throughout every part of Ulster, the province in which he first landed; and this Lord Justice banished to England the Earl of Essex, who had invaded Ulster, and acted treacherously towards Con, the son of Calvagh O'Donnell, and Brian, the son of Felim Bacagh O'Neill. About the time that this Lord Justice arrived in Ireland, Con, the son of Calvagh O'Donnell, and Con, the son of Niall Oge O'Neill, who had been in prison in Dublin, made their escape; and Con O'Donnell remained concealed in the forests and wilds of his native territory, until the Lord Justice sent him his pardon."
"The Territory of Farney" was conveyed to Walter Devereux, Earl of Essex, on May 9, 1576. At page 119, Shirley quotes from "The book of the division of the Countie of Monoughan, anno dni, 1606":
"The baronie of Donamaine contayning xxi Bellibetoghea, that is to say the country of ffarney xiiii Ballibetoghes, and Clancarvell vii Ballibetoghes, was long since granted to Walter, Earle of Essex, in ffee simple whose tenants now possess the same."
The first Earl of Essex died of dysentery in the castle of Dublin shortly after the territory of Farney was conveyed to him, on September 22, 1576. (There is a story of poisoning by his wife, Lettice Knollys (1540–1634), who was Queen Elizabeth's cousin, and Robert Dudley (1532–1588), Earl of Leicester, whom Lettice later secretly married.) He was buried on November 26, 1576, in Carmethen in South Wales, where he was born and where he held offices at the time of his death. The Annals of the Four Masters note:
"M1576.14. The Earl of Essex, who had been expelled the year before by the Lord Justice, Sir Henry Sidney, came to Ireland, as Governor over the province of Ulster this year. He landed in Dublin, but died before the end of a fortnight, of a sudden fit of sickness. His shirt and his heart were sent to his friends, as tokens of his death."
Robert Devereux (1567–1601), the second Earl of Essex, son and heir of Walter Devereux, was ten years old at the time of his father's death. His estate was placed in the hands of trustees. See The History of County Monaghan by Evelyn Philip Shirley, pages 60–66. Robert grew up at the English court, enjoyed some military success, became a favorite of Queen Elizabeth, was appointed by her Lord Lieutenant of Ireland in 1599, was perceived to have failed the Queen in a campaign in Ireland against Hugh O'Neill, the Earl of Tyrone, and was executed in the Tower of London on February 25, 1601, attainted by treason after an ill-advised coup d'etat in England in 1601. His Farney estate reverted to the crown. See The Shirley Papers.
About two months after the death of Walter, the first Earl of Essex, in 1576, the soldiers necessary for the defense of the newly-granted territory were withdrawn. Farney, with the rest of MacMahon's country, became the scene of "constant forays and bloodshed between the petty chiefs of the sept." The History of County Monaghan, by Evelyn P. Shirley, page 87.
The Annals of the Four Masters note:
"M1577.19. Hugh Oge, the son of Hugh, son of John Boy Mac Mahon, made a predatory aggression upon the people of Mac Mahon; and Mac Mahon (Art, son of Brian na Moicheirghe, son of Redmond, son of Glasny) overtook him; and Hugh was slain by Mac Mahon and his people. Scarcely was there another of the race of the Collas who was so great a cause of lamentation on account of his own wealth; and his name and renown were not to be compared with those of the man by whom he was slain."
"M1578.15. Thomas, the son of Patrick, son of Oliver Plunkett, Lord of Louth, was slain by Mac Mahon, namely, Art, son of Brian-na-Moicheirghe, son of Redmond, son of Glasny.
This last death, which occurred upon a raid by Art Mac Mahon on the English of the Pale, was "deeply lamented by the English interest." (Shirley, page 68.)
Ever McCooley McMahon, who had forcibly possessed himself of Farney in 1594, remained in possession until after the death of the second earl of Essex. After the attainder of Robert Devereux, he sent Articles of Submission to the crown, and asked to be designated farmer of Farney by a petition executed at Drogheda on March 26, 1601. This was not done. After the death of Queen Elizabeth and accession to the throne of James I in 1603, the attainder of Robert Devereux was reversed, and Farney passed to his son, also Robert, who was twelve years old. His first act, through his trustees, was to lease Farney to Ever McCooley McMahon. (Shirley, page 110).
In connection with the redistribution of land in county Monaghan that had escheated to the crown upon the execution of Hugh Roe Mac Mahon in October of 1590, Lord Deputy William Fitzwilliam wrote to the English Government on December 5, 1590:
"We fynde ... That the Barony of Donemayne being the Earl of Essex's lands, and a Barony of that Countie, containeth a fyveth part of the whole counte of Monaghan, whereby we cannot so effectually set down the maner of the devysion, as we wold to their contentment without the Barony of Dony-mayne. And therefore yf yt would please her Majesty to deile with th' Erle of Essex, to make surrender into her highnes's handes thereof, and to give unto his lordship some other consideration there to his satisfaccion; estmynge fferney, being two parts of the Barony of Donymayne, to be worth cli  ster : pr annum for so hath byn offered for yt, besides Clancarvell, a third parte, which is enhabited by Collo Mc Bryens sonnes, lawles psons, and such as are the only anoyers of that border of th' English Pale."
The Irish Council offered Lord Essex £150 per annum for his interest in the land, but Lord Essex rejected the offer. (Shirley, pages 87–88.) This made it impossible for Fitzwilliam to accomplish his entire plan of redistributing all of county Monaghan to relatively minor Irish chiefs.
Much of Monaghan was then granted, by letters patent, by the Queen to petty chiefs of the Mac Mahon sept who were perceived to be loyal to England, with the proviso: "if any of them took upon him the name of [The] Mc Mahon, or did fail in the payment of the Queen's rent, or entered into rebellion, and were thereof attained, their letters patent should be void." (Shirley, page 114) The major part of the barony of Cremorne was granted to Ever McCoolie (MacColla) MacMahon and freeholders under him. He said Cremorne was waste land, and continued to press his claim to Farney, as did his sons. The Murnanes say that Ross Bane Mac Mahon retained possession of Cremorne, that after the death of Hugh Roe, one of the "chief gentlemen in the County" was: "Ross Bane MacMahon, Sherrif of that County [Monaghan] being possessed of the Onagh (Eoghanach) in the barony of Cremorne." (page 2). Shirley, at page 87, quotes a despatch of December 5, 1590, of the Lord Deputy from Dublin to the same effect. Among the chief gentlemen of county Monaghan after the death of Hugh Roe Mc Mahon were:
"Ever McCowley Mac-Mahon, now holding Ferney in the Barony of Donnemayne, Clancarvell being also part of the Barony possessed by Collo Mc Bryans sons, both lands of the Earl of Essex; Rosse Bane Mc Mahon, Sheriff of that County, being possessed of the Onaghe in the Barony of Cremourne; Patrick duff Mc Mahon being also possessed of some part of that Barony; Bryan Mc Hugh Oge Mc Mahon hath in his possession the Barony of the Dartry, Mc Kenna a Chief Gent; and freeholder in the Barony of Troughe, Patrick Mc Arte Moyle, and many others having lands in the Barony of Monaghan."
See my page: The Eoghanach and The Owenagh River in County Monaghan.
In a note at page 89, Shirley quotes from extracts from Surveys of Monaghan in 1592 in the Carew MSS, Lambeth, 635:
"The countrie of Monachan all which was under the rule of McMahon conteyneth 5 baronies viz
1. Monaghan,which hath in yt 24 townes every town conteyneth 16 Tates and every Tate 60 acres Irish, so that the whole Baronie conteyneth after this computation 23040 acres Irishe.
2. Troughe, conteyneth 14 townes in acres ust supra 13440 Irishe.
3. Dautrye, conteyneth 21 townes in acres 20160 Irishe.
4. Crymorne, conteyneth 21 1/2 townes, in acres 20640 Irishe.
5. Donnemayne conteyneth 21 townes, in acres 20160 Irishe. ...
"Note, that all the Baronie of Donaghmoyne which conteyneth 14 townes in ffarny and seven townes in Clancarvel were by letters patent given by Queen Elizabeth to Walter Devereux Earle of Essex whose son Rob now in Anno 1592 doth enjoy the same."
Robert Devereux' campaign in Ireland against Hugh O'Neill is generally regarded as a failure, and his "truce" with O'Neill in September 1599 as a mistake. Here are excerpts from a contrarian view expressed by Ted Meehan in a thought-provoking article: The Earl of Essex was Right: Reconsidering the campaign of the Second Earl of Essex in Ireland leads to some interesting—and controversial—conclusions (from Insight—New Perspectives in Irish Studies):
"The new Lord Lieutenant was given wide discretion for conducting the war, and was assigned 16,000 foot and 1,300 horse for this purpose. 'On one point only had precise instructions been given to him: he was to ‘pass by all other rebels whatever, and to head all his force against the chief traitor Tyrone, and the Ulster rebels, his confederates.’”
"As of the 21st of August , no less than 18 of Essex’s 'Captains and Lords and Colonels of the Army' had signed a document, after a Council of War, declaring that a further expedition into the north would be 'unwise and against their judgment.' But on August 28th, Essex ordered them onward. He finally made contact with O’Neill in early September and pursued him through thick woods for a time, before O’Neill sent a messenger asking for a parley. 'It was a curious meeting, for Tyrone was on horseback, in a river (the Larne), with the water to his horse’s belly, and Essex stood on the bank. What they said to one another will never be known. A further meeting was arranged. They agreed to a truce. Tyrone withdrew into the heart of his country, and Essex dispersed his army.'"
The barony of Farney, which Essex owned, was on the westward boundary of the Pale, and on the eastern boundary of Tyrone's territory. I have seen no discussion of what impact Essex's ownership of this vast estate might have had on the truce talks between Essex and Tyrone.
The third Earl of Essex died in 1646 without heirs. For the story of how much of the land became the Bath and Shirley estates, see The Shirley Papers under the heading Complicated co-heirship and the following headings.
Ann McGeough Harney has published, on her County Monaghan website, P .J. Duffy's map of county Monaghan estates in the mid-nineteenth century. The map shows the Shirley and Bath estates at the bottom.
A description of PRONI's holdings in relation to the Bath and Brownlow estates will be found on the website of the Public Record Office of Northern Ireland under 'Bath'." The Shirley Papers say:
"Farney, or Fearn-mhuighe in Gaelic, means the plain of the alder trees. Farney was also known as Donaghmoyne, after the castle established by the Normans. Before the arrival of Essex, the Gaelic lords were the MacMahons and their allies the MacKennas. As Professor P. J. Duffy comments: 'The Shirley and the Bath estates of Farney preserve the 16th century geography of that barony intact. The late 16th century Essex grant was divided in the 1690s between two heiresses. The Brownlow estate represents a ballybetagh in Farney which appears to have been leased in perpetuity in the very early stages of the Essex property.'"
The Shirley Papers (D/ 3531):
"The Shirley estate, with the adjoining Bath estate, were two of the largest in the County. According to The Landowners of Ireland, 1878, the biggest landowner in Co. Monaghan in 1876 was Evelyn Philip Shirley, who owned 26,386 acres, with a valuation of £20,744, all in the barony of Farney. The Shirleys were semi-absentees although E. P. Shirley visited his estates twice a year. The next biggest was the Marquess of Bath, Longleat, Wiltshire, with 22,762 acres in Farney, an absentee who seldom if ever visited his estates. The estate's origin was in the grant in 1575 by Elizabeth I to the common ancestor of the Shirleys and the Baths, Walter Devereux, 1st Earl of Essex, in consequence of his commission from her."
Lough Fea, the Shirley manor house in Ireland, is about 3 miles southwest of Carrickmacross. See the Shirley's of Ireland homepage. The home was built in 1827. Lough Fea was designed for the Shirley family by the historian Thomas Rickman and was his only Irish commission.
In the 1840s, both the Bath and Shirley estates assisted emigration from the estates to the United States. For an article with many insights on the forces behind such emigration, see Subverting Patriarchy: Irish Women, the Landlord and Emigration from the Shirley Estate, Carrickmacross, Co. Monaghan, by Ruth-Ann M. Harris, Boston College. Also informative is:
Assisted Emigration—William Steuart Trench (The Shirley Papers):
"Mitchell's successor, William Steuart Trench, was the agent alternately of the Shirley and Bath estates in the 1840s and 1850s. He was the instigator of the assisted emigration schemes [see D/3531/P]. In 1843, the rent realising commodities of the farmer were sold at very low prices. This made the payment of Shirley's increased rent, coupled with the exorbitant bog rent, almost impossible. Under the circumstances, the tenants petitioned their landlord for a reduction of rent. Eventually Shirley arranged to meet them on Monday, 3 April, 1843, at the rent-office in Carrickmacross. With great expectations raised, the tenants arrived in their thousands. However, Shirley at the last minute decided to stay out of the way, leaving Trench to face the tenants with the bad news that the landlord was not going to meet them and furthermore that no abatement was on offer.
"Trench himself further exacerbated matters by announcing that 'he would collect the rents at the point of the bayonet if necessary'. At this, the disappointed tenants rushed towards Trench and carried him off to Lough Fea to get them an interview with Shirley. The landlord in fact was concealed in Shirley House opposite the rent office. On the way to Lough Fea, Trench was considerably manhandled and feared for his life. It was at this stage that Father Keelaghan CC arrived, and by his considerable influence and exertions dispersed the crowd and escorted Trench safely to Lough Fea.
"After two years, Trench left the Shirley estate, going first to Laois and later to Kerry where he became agent for the Lansdowne estate in the Kenmare region. In 1852 he returned to Farney as the agent for the Bath estate, a position he held until his death in 1872. Trench later wrote of the incidents of April 1843 and his other experiences as an agent in Realities of Irish Life, published in December 1868. In this he claimed that the tenants were determined to murder him and that it was 'by his look at them' that he escaped. He thus transformed them 'from being wicked and determined foes' into so many respectful and attached friends. According to Smollen, Trench's safe deliverance was due to the timely arrival of Father Keelaghan, 'who remonstrated with the Farney men in very indignant language at their rude treatment of a perfect stranger who was not more than three days in office and who never did them an injury. ... Yet Mr Trench gives him no place in his Realities . ...
"Presumably Smollen got much of his information from Father Keelaghan whose curate he was in Bundoran in the 1850s. As a foot- note to this episode, Father Smollen, then parish priest of Donaghmoyne, wrote in January 1869 of evictions conducted by Trench on the Bath estate:
'The several large farms there are so many finger-posts announcing that the Destroying Angel passed that way ... the doings on the Bath Estate had an inseparable connection with the trip to Lough Fea. Many of the Bath tenants took a conspicuous part in that transaction. The consequence was that a few years after Mr Trench became agent of the Bath estate a number of tenants disappeared from the rent-roll, ... all of whom had taken part in the Lough Fea transaction. So that then, if ever a bad feeling began to flow, this was the cause of it.'
"A short word-picture of W. S. Trench is contained in Clogher Record, volume xvi, no. 1, 1997, in 'Management Problems on a Large Estate in Mid-19th Century Ireland: William Steuart Trench's report on the Shirley estate in 1843', by P. J. Duffy."
Here is an excerpt from The Bath and Brownlow Estate Papers (PRONI's Register of Irish Archives, D/4141, D/1928 and D/4176):
"The Bath estate comprised roughly the eastern half of the barony of Farney, Co. Monaghan, almost the whole of which had been granted by Queen Elizabeth to Walter Deverux, 1st Earl of Essex, in 1575. In 1646, with the death of his grandson, the third Earl of Essex, the estate fell into co-heiress-ship between the Thynne family, Viscounts Weymouth and subsequently Marquesses of Bath, and the Shirley family (whose papers are separately noticed and bear the PRONI reference D/3531). The Brownlow family came into possession, by 1690, of a large perpetuity-leasehold part of the estate."
"William Stewart Trench, agent on the Bath estate in Co. Monaghan, notorious for robust approach to removing unwanted tenants, arranged emigration of 2,500 to the US, serving ejectment orders on those who refused to co-operate  [cf. Mr Barton in George Moore’s Muslin: ‘emigrate his tenants’]"
From a summary of A History of Ulster by Jonathan Bardon (Belfast: Blackstaff Press 1992), 914pp. with index, in the Princess Grace Irish Library (Monaco): 2001.
In the listing below of McGoughs in the various counties of Farney, I have placed most of the townlands in a set of geographically related townlands.
Peadar Livingstone suggests that the original center of the Mughdhorna may have been at Fincarn, a townland near the northwest corner of what is now the civil parish of Donaghmoyne in county Monaghan. The Monaghan Story, page 19. See my web page: Mughdhorna.
Fincarn Hill is in the townland of Fincarn. In 1861, all of the townlands of the mountains of Clankervill were part of the estate of the Marquis of Bath. Griffith's Valuation of 1861 lists three McGough/McGeough families in the part of the civil parish of Donaghmoyne that Shirley calls the Mountains of Clankervill. These McGoughs were in two townlands: Aghnafarcan and Monyglen.
In the Irish grid system, Fincarn is at H 825 142 on the 1:50 000 map, sheet 28 of the Ordnance Survey of Northern Ireland, and sheet 28B (Straith Eolais) of the Discovery Series of the Ordnance Survey Ireland. It is about 6 kilometers (3.7 miles) south of the town of Castleblayney and 3 kilometers south of the Formil-Cornalough area of the parish of Clontibret where several McGough were located—as discussed in McGoughs, McGeoughs, and McGeoghs in the Civil Parish of Clontibret. The "Finn MacCools Grave" that the map shows located on Fincarn Hill extends southward into the townland of Aghnafarcan.
Fincarn Hill is the eastern end of a range of high hills or low mountains that extend about 14 kilometers (8.7 miles) to the west. These hills lie to the south of the present town of Ballybay and are almost entirely within the modern civil parish of Aghnamullen (which contains the Catholic parishes of Aughnamullen West and Aughnamullen East). The hills were originally referred to in the Annals of the Four Masters as Sliabh-Modhairn (M3579). O'Donovan's notes to the year of the world 3579 say:
"Sliabh-Modhairn—This was the ancient name of a range of heights near Ballybay, in the barony of Cremorne, and County of Monaghan. The Mourne Mountains, in the south of County Down, were originally called Beanna Boirche, and had not received their present name before the fourteenth century."
Topographical maps show the height of Fincarn Hill as 230 meters. This hill forms the east end of the Aughnamullen Heights. The heights rise higher to the west. The high point in the range of heights known as Sliabh-Modhairn is 270 meters in Carrickaveilty on the western edge of the Catholic parish of Aughnamullen East. The early McGoughs lived in and around Sliabh-Modhairn in county Monaghan. See McGoughs, McGeoughs, and McGeoghs in the Civil Parish of Aghnamullen. In the latter half of the twelfth century, some of them moved to the Mountains of Mourne in county Down. See Where the Mountains of Mourne Sweep Down to the Sea—Ballymageogh and Slievemageogh in County Down.
Griffith's valuation of 1861 of the townland of Aghnafarcan, which is immediately south of the townland of Fincarn, shows that Terrence and Owen McGough held property in Aghnafarcan in 1861.
341 Owen McGough was renting a house and one acre of land from the Marquis of Bath. The "rateable annual evaluation" was 15 shillings for the land and 5 shillings for the house, and the total annual evaluation of the rateable property was £1. Michelle McGoff reports that an Owen McGeough and Annie Cumiskey had a child, Peter McGeough, who was born in Aghnafarcan in 1864. The sponsors at baptism were Owen Duffy and Rose McGeough. Griffith's Valuation shows that a neighbor of Owen and Terrence McGough was a "Bryan Cumaskey," possibly the father of Annie Cumiskey McGeough.342 Terrence McGough was renting a house, office and 8 acres, 20 perches, of land from the Marquis of Bath. The "rateable annual evaluation" was £5 for the land and 10 shillings for the house and other buildings, and the total annual evaluation of the rateable property was £5 10 shillings. Owen and Terrence were on adjoining properties that were numbered 5a (Terrence) and 5b (Owen) on the survey map. Michelle McGoff reports that both Owen and Terrence McGeough (her spelling) were listed as living in Aghanafarcan in the Castleblayney Poor Law Books of 1847.
The townland of Monyglen is immediately south of the townland of Aghnafarcan.
363 Michael McGeough was renting a house, office, and 21 acres of land from the Marquis of Bath. The "rateable annual evaluation" was £12 5 shillings for the land and £1 for the house and other buildings, and the total annual evaluation of the rateable property was £13 5 shillings.
The townlands of Knockreagh Lower and Knockreagh Upper are off the eastern edge of the Mountains of Clankervill, about 5 kilometers east by southeast of Fincarn Hill, and about 8 kilometers southeast by south of the town of Castleblayney. The Irish national grid reference for Knockreagh Lower is H867 135. Knockreagh Upper adjoins Knockreagh Lower to the south.
360 Peter McGough is shown by the Tithe Applotment Books of 1823 to have possessed land in Knockreagh Lower. He married Bridget, and was the father of Michael McGough (Knockreagh Lower, #359, and Knockreagh Upper, #361); Peter McGeough (Knockreagh Upper, #362); Patrick McGough (Keeneraboy, #350); Denis McGeough (Corcullioncrew, #344); and James McGough, (Knockreagh Lower #358; and Keeneraboy, #349)
357 Bridget McGough is shown by the Tithe Applotment Books of 1823 to have possessed land in Knockreagh Lower.
358 James McGough is shown by Griffith's Valuation of 1861 as renting a house, offices, and about 13 acres of land from the Marquis of Bath. The "rateable annual evaluation" was £9 5 shillings for the land and 10 shillings for the house and other buildings, and the total annual evaluation of the rateable property was £9 15 shillings. Michelle McGoff says that James was a brother of his neighbor, Michael McGough, #359; and of Patrick McGeough (#350) of Keeneraboy, Peter McGeough, #362 in the adjoining townland of Knockreagh Upper, and Denis McGeough (Corcullioncrew, #344). She also says that this this James is the same person as the James McGeough (#349) who, in 1861, was renting a house and 13 acres in the adjoining townland of Keeneraboy.
"In the Griffith's Valuation of 1861, James owned [ i.e. leased] 25+ acres of land in Knockreagh Lower and Keeneraboy. He used the land to grow oats, hay and potatoes which he and the family sold at the markets in Castleblayney and Carrickmacross."
In another place, Michelle McGoff says, apparently inconsistently, that James' parents were Patrick and Mary McGeough:
"James McGeough was born in the Donaghmoyne Parish to Patrick and Mary McGeough in abt. 1820. He married Elizabeth Keenan in 1853. James and Elizabeth had 8 children: Patrick, Catherine, Owen, Mary, James, Peter, Bessie and John. ...
"James McGeough (b.1825 - d.abt.1902 (or 1910) in Edengilrevy) m. Elisabeth Keenan (b.1833 - d. December 1, 1914) in 1853 at St. Patrick's Church, Donaghmoyne Parish. 8 Children: 1] Patrick McGeough (b.1854 -d.? --last known living in Chicago, Illinois) 2] Catherine McGough (b. December 25, 1855 - d. March 30, 1935 in Binghamton, NY) m. James Woods (b. abt.1850 - d. abt.1900 ) on May 4, 1887 in Elmira, NY) ... 3] Owen McGeough (b. July 1857 - d.? ) m. Kate ... 4] Mary McGeough (b. July 5, 1864 - d. August 25, 1894 in Binghamton, NY) 5] James McGeough (b. November 10, 1866 - d.? ) --last known living in Chicago, Illinois 6] Peter McGeough* (b. August 31, 1869 - d.?) 7] Bessie McGeough* (b. November 28, 1871 - d. January 11, 1957 in Binghamton, NY) m. John L. Hogan (b. July 8, 1876 - d. November 14, 1973 in Binghamton, NY). This family is buried at St. Patrick's Cemetery, Binghamton, NY 8] John McGeough (b. October 4, 1874 - d.?)" (James died in about 1910 in Edengilrevy, Donaghmoyne Parish, County Monaghan, and is buried at Old St Patrick's Graveyard, Broomfield, County Monaghan.)
"James' daughter, Catherine McGeough emigrated from Ireland to Upstate New York, where she married James Woods in Elmira, in 1887. Soon after, they moved to Binghamton [55 miles to the east] where they ran a boarding house at 97 Park Avenue. Many family members and friends came to stay at this boarding house, including most of her siblings and cousins. Her two brothers, James and Patrick stayed with her for a time before moving on to Illinois. They are mentioned in her obituary in 1935 as living in Chicago. [The 1900 census of Binghamton (ward 5), Broome county, New York, lists James Woods on Park Avenue, age 40, born in Ireland in March of 1860, married 14 years, who immigrated in 1878 and was naturalized, a blacksmith, who owned his home subject to a mortgage; living with his wife Kate Woods, age 38, born in Ireland in November of 1861, mother of 4 children, 2 of whom were living; son, Thomas Woods, age 8, born in New York, "at school,"; and daughter, Mary E. Woods, age 4, born in New York (T-623, roll 1009, page 7B, line 51). The 1910 census of Binghamton lists Katherine Woods, age 50, a widow, mother of 2 children, both living, born in IKreland, immigrated in 1886, at 63 Park Avenue, living with her son Thomas, age 18, born in New York, an upholsterer, and her daughter, Mary, age 15, born in New York, no occupation, and three male boarders, all of whom were in their twenties and employed as silk weavers in a silk factory (T-624,roll 925, page 4A, line 30).]
"Bessie also emigrated from Ireland to Binghamton. A few years after her arrival, Bessie married John L. Hogan of Binghamton and they lived just a few blocks from Catherine, and next door to her cousin Owen McGough at 45 Pennsylvania Avenue. [Bessie's proper name was apparently Elizabeth. She appears in successive New York censuses (1910, 1920, and 1930) as Bridget, Bessie, and Elizabeth. The 1900 census of Binghamton (ward 5), Broome county, New York, lists John L. Hogan, age 23, born in New York in July, 1876, single, a tanner, living with his father John M. Hogan, age 58, born in Ireland in January, 1842, who immigrated in 1858 and was naturalized, also a tanner, who owned his home subject to a mortgage, and a brother Patrick Hogan, age 18, single, born in New York in February of 1882, a laborer in a creamery (? -possibly cannery) (T-623, roll 1009, page 3B, line 83). In the 1910 census, John L. Hogan, age 33, now a city fireman, was living in a rental house with his wife, Bridget M. Hogan, age 29, born in Ireland who immigrated in 1898 (later censuses say 1909), married 1 year, mother of 1 child, Winifred F. Hogan, age 2 months (looks like 1 year and 2 months) (T-624, roll 925, page 7A, line 27). In the 1920 census of Binghamton, John Hogan, age 44, born in New York, a city fireman, was renting a house on Pennsylvania Avenue with his wife, Bessie, age 35, born in Ireland, who had immigrated in 1909 and was naturalized in 1915 (T-625, roll 1086, page 6A, line 4). The 1930 census of Binghamton (district 23) lists John Hogan on Pennsylvania Avenue, age 53, who was married at age 38, owner of a home valued at $10,000, born in New York, a city fireman; with him was his wife, Elizabeth Hogan, age 45, married at age 30, who was born in Ireland, immigrated in 1909, and was naturalized; no children are listed (roll 1407, page 7B, line 93).]
"James' son Owen became the caretaker of the farm, helping his mother Elisabeth, when James died abt. 1910 at the age of 85. Owen and his wife Kate, and their son, James continued living on the farm as have their descendants."
*James McGough and Elizabeth Keenan are listed by the IGI as parents of Elizabeth McGough born on December 14, 1871, in Ireland.
*John McGeough and Catherine Keenan are listed by the IGI as parents of Peter McGeough born in Donaghmoyne, Monaghan, on March 21, 1866; and John McGough and Catherine Keenan are listed by the IGI as parents of Owen McGough born in Monaghan, Ireland, on May 2, 1874. John McGeogh and Catherine McGeogh Kennan are listed by the IGI as parents of Mary McGeogh born on July 19, 1877, in "Lisnafinley, Monaghan, Ireland."
359 Michael McGough is shown by Griffith's Valuation of 1861 as renting a house, offices, and about 3 acres of land from the Marquis of Bath. The "rateable annual evaluation" was £2 15 shillings for the land and 10 shillings for the house and other buildings, and the total annual evaluation of the rateable property was £3 5 shillings. Michael was born about 1806. Michael's parents were Peter and Bridget McGough. He is the same Michael McGough listed as #361 in Knockreagh Upper. He is the brother of Peter McGough, #362, listed below under Knockreagh Upper; Patrick McGough (Keeneraboy, #350); Denis McGeough (Corcullioncrew, #344); and James McGough, (Knockreagh Lower #358; and Keeneraboy, #349)
Michael McGough married Ann Woods about 1837 in Old St. Patrick's Church, Broomfield. He died on February 13, 1881 and is buried at Old St Patrick's Graveyard, Broomfield. Michael was the great-great-great grandfather of Michelle McGoff, who published much of the information about this family on her now-inactive website. Michael McGough and Ann Woods McGough had eight children, all born in Knockreagh Lower:
John McGough (1834–1921, in Jamesville, NY). John and his brother James emigrated to New York together on the Aurora. They arrived in New York City on July 1st, 1858. John married Anne Burns (1837–1919) and they raised a family of six children in Jamesville, New York: Ann McGough (1865–1947), Mary McGough (1867–1935), Catherine "Katie" McGough (1869–), John McGough, Jr. (1871–1929), Michael J. McGough (1872–1932), and Nellie (Ellen?) McGough (1874–1942). See tonne entry under the town of Lafayette, Onondaga county, New York, on my page: McGoughs and McGues in the 1900 Census of the United States. Both John and James are listed in the 1870 census of the town of LaFayette, Onondaga county, New York. The family is buried at Immaculate Conception Cemetery, Fayetteville, NY. (The village of Fayetteville is in the town of Manlius, Onondaga County, New York.) Michelle McGoff notes:
"In the book, "Water, Wheels and Stone: Heritage of the Little Village by the Creek", the McGough family is referenced numerous times as a prominent member of the JamesVille community. He appears, along with his brother James, as a resident of Jamesville enlisting in the Civil War. Unfortunately at this time, I have not been able to locate service or pension papers. ...
"The family residence still stands at the head of McGough Falls on Coye Road. The farm included all that is now the Keogh farm. When the family lived there, Coye Road was nothing more than a cowpath made wider by wagon wheel ruts. John Jr. never married and continued working and living on the farm until his death in 1929."
James McGough (1838–March 15, 1885, in Jamesville, NY). The year of his birth is sometimes shown as 1840. His gravestone says he died at age 47. James McGough emigrated from Knockreagh, Donaghmoyne, in 1858. He sailed on the Aurora with his brother John. He married Maria Anna Powell (October 7, 1842 in NYC - d. December 20, 1919 in Homer, NY), and they had eight children. He died in Jamesville, New York. He and his family are buried at Immaculate Conception Cemetery, Fayetteville, NY. See Tri-Counties Genealogy & History Sites by Joyce M. Tice (Place Names of Origin of Irish—Elmira, Chemung County NY and Bradford County PA) James McGough, age 21 of Elmira, New York, joined the Union Army as a Private on May 1, 1861. His gravestone says: "Pvt. Co.K 12th Reg. N.Y.V." An infant who died in Elmira in 1869 was their son. John McGough, who was born to John and Mary Ann McGough in Elmira, New York, on about December 22, 1868, died on August. 4, 1869 at the age of 1 year, 7 months, and 13 days, and is buried in the cemetery of Saints Peter and Paul in Elmira. Tri-Counties Genealogy & History Sites by Joyce M. Tice (Deaths Recorded 1867 - 1881 Elmira, Chemung County NY).
Michael McGeough, born about 1840; married Rose McNally. They had at least one child, Ann McGeough, who was born on January 15, 1868.
Peter McGeough (1840 [IGI says between 1848 and 1858]–1909, in Knockreagh). Married Anne McEneaney (1846–1910) in about 1872 at Taplagh Church, Broomfield, county Monaghan. They had six children, several of whom emigrated to Elmira and Binghamton, New York. Peter is Michelle McGoff's great-great grandfather. Peter's fourth child, Owen J. McGoff (February 4, 1885–July 14, 1958, in Johnson City, NY) is her great-grandfather. Owen was married in 1912 to Catherine Hehir (October 11, 1885–April 1966) in Binghamton, NY. From a web page published by Michelle McGoff, here are the six children of Peter McGeough and Anne McEneaney and some of their descendants:
Michael J. McGough (October 24, 1873 in Knockreagh–March 6, 1970 in Elmira, NY) emigrated about 1900 to USA with his brother Patrick John; married. in 1905 to Johanna Dillon (1876—August 26, 1958 in Elmira) in St. Patrick's Church, Elmira, NY; 4 children: Anna Margaret McGough (April 11, 1906–June 30, 1927); Peter McGough (August 21, 1907–November 16, 1927); Margaret McGough (August 5, 1910–July 5, 1928); Mary McGough (April 2, 1913–December 19, 1919). Michael J. McGough, his wife, and four children are buried in the Dillon family plot at St Peter & Paul Cemetery, Elmira, Chemung County, NY. John, Michael, and William Dillon are buried in the same plot. Among the names of emigrants from Knockreagh Lower shown on Tri-Counties Genealogy & History Sites by Joyce M. Tice (Place Names of Origin of Irish—Elmira, Chemung County NY and Bradford County PA) is Michael J. McGough (1873–1970). Emigrated about 1900. Married Josephine Dillon. Resided at 805 Davis Street, Elmira, New York. Police detective for Lackawanna RR. Also Kennedy Valve. The 1900 federal census of Chemung County, New York, lists Michael McGough, born in Ireland in October of 1874, age 25, living on Market Street in the city of Elmira as a boarder in the home of Dennis Sullivan. His brother, Patrick, age 23, was a boarder in the same house. Michelle McGoff says: "They lived with Dennis and Katherine Sullivan at 913 Market Street in Elmira, just a few doors down from their uncle, Patrick W. McGough."
Patrick John McGough (August 9, 1876 in Knockreagh–February 11, 1955 in Elmira, NY) emigrated about 1900 to USA with his brother Michael J. In 1907, he married Margaret T. O'Donnell (April 8, 1881–January 14, 1941, in Olean, NY) in Elmira. They had four children: Margaret McGough (b.abt.1908–) ---last known living in Dallas, Texas; in about 1845, married Frederick Ochsner, Jr. (b.abt.1905); Helen McGough (April 4, 1908–December 16, 1919); Catherine McGough (March 18, 1910–September 9, 1989 in St. Petersburg, Florida), married Clarence J. Beckerman (Apr 1905–Jan 1979 in Florida); Anna May McGough (1913–April 8, 1989 in Elmira), in about 1940 married Edward Vincent Delaney (Oct 9, 1902–August 11, 1981), 2 children: William J. Delaney; Edward O. Delaney. Buried in the same plot at St Peter & Paul Cemetery, Elmira, Chemung County, NY, are Patrick J. McGough, who died on February 11, 1955, at the age of 76; Margaret T. McGough, who died on on January 14, 1951, at age 56; Helen McGough, who died on December 16, 1919, at age 11; Edward V. DeLaney, who died on August 11, 1981 at age 81; and Anna May (McGough) DeLaney, who died on April 8, 1989, at age 76. All these persons died in Elmira. Among the names of emigrants from Knockreagh Lower shown on Tri-Counties Genealogy & History Sites by Joyce M. Tice (Place Names of Origin of Irish—Elmira, Chemung County NY and Bradford County PA) is: Patrick John McGough (1876–1955). Married Margaret O'Donnell. Resided at 364 West. 5th Street, Elmira, New York. Brothers were: Michael, James, Owen, and Francis. The 1900 federal census of Chemung County, New York, lists Patrick McGough, born in Ireland in August of 1876, age 23, living on Market Street in the city of Elmira as a boarder in the home of Dennis Sullivan. His brother, Michael, age 25, was a boarder in the same house.
James McGough (August 7, 1879 in Knockreagh–August 13 [IGI says August 14], 1966 in Binghamton, NY), on September 7, 1909 married Anna Ryan (1875–March 14, 1962) at City Hall, Binghamton, New York. 2 children: Peter J. McGough (April 27, 1910–February 5, 1984 in Binghamton, NY), in about 1941, married Beatrice Catherine Crogan (.May 10, 1905–March 12, 1983); Anna McGough (1912–July 10, 1991 in Binghamton, NY), married Mark Norton (September 11, 1914–August 14, 1987). This family is buried at Calvary Cemetery, Binghamton, NY. Among the names of emigrants from Knockreagh Lower shown on Tri-Counties Genealogy & History Sites by Joyce M. Tice (Place Names of Origin of Irish—Elmira, Chemung County NY and Bradford County PA) is: James McGough; born August 7, 1882; carpenter; arrived as an immigrant in New York on May 6, 1904, aboard the Teutonic; lived at 364 West 5th Street, Elmira, New York (the same address as his brother Patrick John, above). Anna Ryan was the daughter of William and Anna Tabin. Anna Ryan had a sister, Margaret Ryan. Tri-Counties Genealogy & History Sites by Joyce M. Tice (Place Names of Origin of Irish—Elmira, Chemung County NY and Bradford County PA). Michelle McGoff says that James McGough migrated from Donaghmoyne to Binghamton with his cousin Bessie aboard the Teutonic in May of 1906, and that in Binghamton he first lived as a boarder at 96 Park Avenue. It was the home of Catherine (McGeough) Woods, a first cousin of his father, Peter McGeough.
"James soon moved out weeks later, to live as a boarder at the home of his brother, Patrick John McGough in Elmira. He worked as a freight handler with the Erie-Lackawanna railroad until 1909, and then moved back to Binghamton - where he again took a room as a boarder at 96 Park Avenue for a few short months. On September 7, 1909 he married Anna Ryan with whom he purchased a house at 17 Rush Avenue. A year later, they purchased a duplex at 136 Vestal Avenue where for several years, his brother Owen and his wife, Catherine, rented on the other side. James continued working as a Trainman, and he and Anna lived and raised their family in this home over the next 40 years."
"The most interesting thing about this family is that no one in the family ever knew them. My g-grandfather, Owen, and James were brothers, lived in the same town —and yet never participated in any family gatherings or events together. Additionally, one tip that there may have been trouble is that the names were spelled differently—McGoff and McGough. Family 'legend' has it that all 5 brothers, Michael, Patrick, James, Owen and Francis all got together in Binghamton one night, began drinking and a fight ensued. Some of the brothers never spoke to each other again. It is more likely that Owen and James had confrontations living next to each other on Vestal Avenue.
"Owen and James especially had little or no communications to speak of. Until James was told that Owen was dying. James, had previously had one of his legs amputated—ironically as did Owen—for complications resulting from diabetes. James used his two arms to drag his torso up the stairs to the bedroom of his brother to see him before his died."
The 1920 census of Binghamton, New York, lists James McGough as the owner of a house on Vestal Avenue occupied by both his family and the family of his brother, Owen McGough (below). James McGough is listed as age 38, born in Ireland, who emigrated in 1905 and was naturalized in 1912, a truckman for a railroad company; living with his wife, Anna (Ryan) McGough, age 33, born in Ireland, who immigrated in 1888 and was naturalized in 1912; with son, Peter McGough, age 9, born in New York; and daughter, Anna McGough, age 7, born in New York (T-625, page 1086, page 10A, line 20).
Owen Joseph McGoff (February 4, 1885–July 14, 1958 in Johnson City, NY), Michelle McGoff's great-grandfather, born in Lower Knockreagh, Donaghmoyne. He sailed on the Teutonic from Liverpool to New York City in May of 1906, arriving in Binghamton, New York where he first lived as a boarder at 96 Park Avenue. It was the home of Catherine (McGeough) Woods, a first cousin of his father, Peter McGeough. He married Catherine Hehir (October 11, 1885–April 1966) in 1912 in St. Mary's Church, Binghamton, NY. The 1920 census of Binghamton, Broome county, New York, showed that Owen McGough and his family were living in the same house as his brother, James McGough. Owen McGough was the head of his own family and was paying rent to James. Owen is listed as 29 years old, born in Ireland, who immigrated in 1916, who was working as a splitter in a shoe factory; Owen's wife, Catherine McGough, age 25, born in Ireland, who had also emigrated in 1912; a daughter, Mary, age 5, born in New York, and a son, Andrew, age 3, born in New York. In the 1930 census of Binghamton, Owen is listed as Owen McGoff, age 41, born in Northern Ireland, with a home worth $6500, who was married at age 25, emigrated in 1909, was naturalized, a tanner in a shoe factory, living with his wife, Katie, age 37, married at age 19, born in Northern Ireland, and four children, all listed as born in Northern Ireland: Mary E. McGoff, age 15; Eugene McGoff, age 13; Francis McGoff, age 7; and Jack McGoff, age 6. Also in the household was a cousin, Dennis Clarey (Carey?), age 30, born in Northern Ireland, who had immigrated in 1924, and who was employed as a checker on a steam railroad (roll 1407, page: 5A, line 16). See my page: McGoughs and McGues in the 1900 Census of the United States under New York, Chemung county, Elmira, for more on this family.
Owen Joseph McGough and Catherine Hehir had 5 children: Mary McGoff (May 1, 1914–November 20, 1996), married Joseph Conlon, 5 children: Joseph, Thomas, Terrence, Gary, Denise; Eugene McGoff (August 4, 1916–November 1987), married Genevieve (?), 5 children: Timothy, Patrick, Jeanie, Jackie, Judy; Francis Owen McGoff (October 23, 1921–August 1974), Michelle McGoff's grandfather, in 1944 married Rosemary Keefe (March 3, 1921–June 25, 1996) at St. Mary's Church, Binghamton, 9 children: Michael, Kevin, Katheryn, James, Patricia, John, Rosemary, Elaine, Joseph; John McGoff (March 28, 1924–June 20, 1988); Walter McGoff (1925–1925). Members of this family are buried in Calvary Cemetery, Binghamton (Johnson City), New York. On the list of emigrants from Knockreagh Lower shown on Tri-Counties Genealogy & History Sites by Joyce M. Tice (Place Names of Origin of Irish—Elmira, Chemung County NY and Bradford County PA) is: Owen J. McGoff (1885–1958); married Catherine Hehir in Binghamton, New York, in 1912; died in Wilson Hospital, Johnson City, New York; buried in Calvary Cemetery.
Peter McGeough (April 22, 1882–).
Francis McGeough (July 11, 1888–December 12, 1960 in Knockreagh Lower, county Monaghan), married Bridget Ward at Taplagh Church, Broomfield, county Monaghan, 6 children: Peter McGeough (b.1915–) married and had 6 children; Patrick McGeough (1917–July 21, 1998 in Knockreagh Lower, Broomfield, county Monaghan); Katherine McGeough married Padraig.Ward and had 15 children; Francis McGeough (1925–) --- living on Long Island, New York, married, had 4 children: Patty, Bernie, Margaret and Frankie; Annie McGeough (1926–1926); Mary McGeough (1930 - ) married Morris and had 15 children. Members of this family are buried at Old St. Patrick's Cemetery, Broomfield, Co. Monaghan
Rose McGeough (1841 in Knockreagh–)
Owen McGeough (1844 in Knockreagh–)
Patrick William McGough (March 13, 1849–May 21, 1927, in Binghamton, NY). Born in Donaghmoyne. Michelle McGoff estimates that he emigrated in early 1868. In about 1882, Patrick married Margaret Hallinan (or Halloran) (April 1852–October 8, 1907 in Elmira, NY) in St. Patrick's Church, Elmira, New York, and they had three children. The 1900 federal census of Chemung County, New York, lists Patrick W. McGough, born in Ireland in March of 1849, age 51, living on Market Street in the city of Elmira. Living with him were his wife, Maggie, born in Ireland in April of 1855, age 45; and three children, all born in New York: Mary McGough, born in June of 1883, age 16 (Mary was baptized at St. Peter and Paul's church in Elmira on May 8, 1883); John McGough, born in October of 1885, age 14; and Thomas H. McGough, born in December of 1889, age 10. Michelle McGoff's list of the children is in rough correspondence with this census return: Mary Catherine McGough (May 1883 –) --- last known living in Boston, Massachusetts, married John F. Goode (abt.1883–); John James McGough (October 6, 1885–July 24, 1951 in Montour Falls, NY, buried in St Peter and Paul's Cemetery, Elmira, Chemung County, New York), married Marie E. Supple (1886–.March 22, 1961 in Montour Falls, New York). John and Marie McGough are buried in the Supple family plot at St Peter and Paul's Cemetery, Elmira, Chemung County, New York. Their gravestones show that John J. McGough died on July 24, 1951, at Montour Falls, NY, at age 65, and that Marie E. (Supple) McGough died on March 22, 1961, at age 75; Thomas Henry McGough (December 15, 1889–) ---last known living in Detroit, Michigan, married in 1909 to Claire Cain (November 1891–). Patrick William McGough, along with other members of this family are buried at St Peter & Paul's Cemetery, Elmira, Chemung County, NY. Buried with him in the same plot is his wife, Margaret, and a son, John McGough, not listed above, who died at one year of age on August 4, 1889 (The source says 1869, but this must be wrong.)
Mary McGeough (1851 in Knockreagh–1935 in Liverpool, England), married Patrick McQuillen (1849 in Crossmaglen) in about 1876 in Broomfield, county Monaghan (or Crossmaglen, county Armagh), and they had seven children: Mary Anne McQuillen (1877 in Crossmaglen, county Armagh), married Nicholas Hosker (Springfield, Massachusetts); Owen McQuillen (1879 in Crossmaglen, county Armagh), married. Margaret Lennon, 3 children; Margaret McQuillen (1881 in Crossmaglen, county Armagh –1881); Bridget McQuillen (1887 in Crossmaglen, county Armagh–1887); Mary Catherine McQuillen (1888 in Crossmaglen, county. Armagh–1973), married Matthew Noonan in 1920 in Liverpool, England; Patrick McQuillen (1891 in Crossmaglen, county Armagh–Buffalo, NY), married Rosetta Boylan (1891 in Ohio–died in Buffalo, NY), 5 children†; Elizabeth McQuillen (1893 in England–1963 in England), married Thomas Carey in 1928, two children.
†The 1930 census of Buffalo, Erie county, New York, lists Patrick McQuillen, age 36, born in Ireland, manager of an automobile shop, who emigrated in 1910, with his wife of 21 years, Rosetta, age 36, born in Ohio, with four children, all born in New York: Mary, age 13; Joseph, age 11; Rosetta, age 8; and Eugene, age 6 (roll 1428, page 10A, line 13). Patrick J. McQuillen's World War I Draft Registration Card, which he filled out at Buffalo on June 5, 1917, lists his birth date as May 21, 1892; his age as 25; his birth place as Dundurk (Dundalk?), county Monaghan, Ireland; his occupation as a laborer employed by Bill's Metal Goods Company, Winchester Avenue, Buffalo; and says that he has a wife and two children. He lists his address as 669 Northland Avenue, Buffalo. The Ellis Island records show that Patrick McQuillen arrived in New York aboard the Mauretania from Liverpool on September 16, 1910. The ship's manifest says that he was 20 years old, a laborer, born in Ireland; his father was J. McQuillen, 73 Conway Street, Seaforth, Liverpool; that his fare was paid by his uncle; that he was on the way to visit his uncle, J. McGeough, at 763 East Market Street, Almira (should be Elmira), New York; and that he was born in Crossmaglen, Ireland.
Here is part of an email of September 16, 2006, from Chris Carey:
"Information on your website has been of great benefit to my father, John Carey. He is the grandson of Mary McGeogh and Patrick McQuillen and is still alive, aged 75, as is his sister Norah aged 77. His mother, my grandmother, was Elizabeth McQuillen who married Thomas Carey in Liverpool.
"The three children of Owen McQuillen were all known to me but they are all deceased. They are Mary, Francis and Patrick (Packy) and all lived in Liverpool until they died."
Edward McGeough and Bessy Campbell are listed by the IGI as parents of Mary McGeough born in Donaghmoyne, Monaghan, on September 2, 1867. Edward McGeough and Elizabeth Campbell are listed by the IGI as the parents of Margaret McGeough born in Monaghan, Ireland, on October 15, 1869; and Catherine McGeough born in Monaghan, Ireland on December 15, 1871.
Patt. McGough and Catherine Duffy are listed by the IGI as parents of James McGough born in Donaghmoyne, Monaghan, on April 9, 1865.
361 Michael McGeough is shown by Griffith's Valuation of 1861 as renting 4 acres of land from the Marquis of Bath. The "rateable annual evaluation" was £2 10 shillings for the land, which was also the total annual evaluation of the rateable property. According to Michelle McGoff, this was the Michael McGough (#359) who also rented a house and land in Knockreagh Lower.
362 Peter McGeough is shown by Griffith's Valuation of 1861 as renting 2 acres of land from the Marquis of Bath. The "rateable annual evaluation" was £1 5 shillings for the land, which was also the total annual evaluation of the rateable property. According to Michelle McGoff, Peter McGeough (b.abt 1810 - d.abt 1864 in Knockreagh Upper) was the brother of Michael McGough (#359)/McGeough (#361) who rented land in both Knockreagh Lower and Upper; Patrick McGough (Keeneraboy, #350); Denis McGeough (Corcullioncrew, #344); and James McGough, (Knockreagh Lower #358; and Keeneraboy, #349). Peter married Rose Lamb (about 1820–1878), and they had two children: Bridget McGeough (1841–); Patrick McGeough (1854–November 2, 1928, in Lisnafinnelly, Broomfield, county Monaghan) who married Bridget McEneaney (1854–April 17, 1936) in 1881, Taplagh Church, Broomfield. They had three children: Annie McGeough (1881–1956), Bridget McGeough (1882–1911), and Owen McGeough (1888–1926). The family is buried in Old St. Patrick's Cemetery, Broomfield, county Monaghan.
Monaghan Census Abstracts—1848 and 1851 on film #221476 at the Family History Library are records of requests for a search of the now-destroyed 1851 census. One request shows Peter and Rose McGeough in the 1851 census of Knockreagh Upper.
The township of Drumlandrick lies immediately northwest of Knockreagh Lower.
348 Catherine McGough is shown by Griffith's Valuation of 1861 as renting from the Marquis of Bath a house, with no land, in Drumlandrick. The "ratable annual evaluation" of the house was 5 shillings. On the same tract was James Woods who rented a house and almost 9 acres of land from the Marquis of Bath. The "ratable annual evaluation" of the land was £7 5 shillings, of the house 10 shillings, and the "total annual valuation of rateable property" £7 15 shillings.
Keeneraboy is the townland to the immediate east of Knockreagh Upper, and also adjoins Knockreagh Lower on the southeast.
351 James McGough is shown by the Tithe Applotment Books to have possessed land in Keeneraboy in 1823.
349 James McGeough is shown by Griffith's Valuation of 1861 as renting a house and about 13 acres of land from the Marquis of Bath. The "rateable annual evaluation" was £9 5 shillings for the land and 10 shillings for the house, and the total annual evaluation of the rateable property was £9 15 shillings. Michelle McGough says that this is the same person as the James McGough (#358) who was renting a house and 12 acres in the adjoining townland of Knockreagh Lower.
350 Patrick McGeough is shown by Griffith's Valuation of 1861 as renting a house, offices, and about 29 acres of land from the Marquis of Bath. The "rateable annual evaluation" was £21 for the land and £3 shillings for the house and buildings, and the total annual evaluation of the rateable property was £24. According to Michelle McGoff, Patrick McGeough (c 1815– 1870, in Keeneraboy) was a brother of James McGeough (#349 and 358) who was renting land in Keeneraboy and Knockreagh Lower, and Michael McGough/McGeough (#359 and 361) in Knockreagh Lower and Upper. Another brother was Denis McGeough, #344, of Corcullioncrew. Patrick married Rose Timoney [or Tomany]* (about 1830 - d.bef.1901), and they had five children: 1] Mary McGeough (b. 1854); 2] Arthur McGeough (b.1856); 3] Catherine McGeough (b. 1858); 4] Peter McGeough (b. 1861); and 5] Margaret McGeough* (b.1866).
*Patrick McGeough and Rose Tomany are listed by the IGI as parents of Margaret McGeough born in Donaghmoyne, Monaghan, Ireland, on July 16, 1866.
352 John McGough is shown by the Tithe Applotment Books to have possessed land in Keeneraboy in 1823.
The townland of Corcullioncrew is immediately east of the townland of Keeneraboy.
344 Denis McGeough is shown by Griffith's Valuation of 1861 as renting a house, offices, and about 14 acres of land from the Marquis of Bath. The "rateable annual evaluation" was £9 10 shillings for the land and 15 shillings for the house, and the total annual evaluation of the rateable property was £10 5 shillings. According to Michelle McGoff, Denis was a brother of Michael McGough/McGeough (#359 and 361) in Knockreagh Lower and Upper; Peter McGeough (Knockreagh Upper, #362); Patrick McGough (Keeneraboy, #350); and James McGough, (Knockreagh Lower #358; and Keeneraboy, #349); and Dennis McGeough was born about 1820 and died in 1880 in Corcullioncrew. He married Mary Timoney,who was born about 1826. They had four children: Peter McGeough (b. 1846); James McGeough (b.1848); Michael McGeough (b. 1851); Pat McGeough (b.1853). Mary (Timoney) McGeough appears in the 1901 census as 82 years old, living with her youngest son, Patrick McGeough (age 40) and his wife, Mary (nee?) McGeough (age 35). This may be the same Denis McGeough (#353) who was in the nearby townland of Kilmurry.
The townland of Corrinshigah lies on the southern borders of Keeneraboy and Corcullioncrew..
347 Patrick McGeough, in 1861, was renting a house, but no land, from Patrick Kelly, who in turn was renting 64 acres from the Marquis of Bath. The "rateable annual evaluation" of the house, which was also the total annual evaluation of the rateable property, was 5 shillings.
Corcullionglish is immediately east of Corrinshigah and south of Corcullioncrew.
345 Patrick McGough is shown by the Tithe Applotment Books to have possessed land in Corcullionglish in 1823.
The townland of Drumdreeny lies on the southern border of Corrinshigah.
347a Pat McGough is shown by the Tithe Applotment Books to have possessed land in Drumdreeny in 1823.
The townland of Kilmurry is in the Catholic parish of Inniskeen, but in the civil parish of Donaghmoyne. It is immediately south of Corculliongish and immediately east of Drumdreeny.
353 Denis McGeough is shown by Griffith's Valuation of 1861 as renting a house and almost 8 acres of land from the Marquis of Bath. The "rateable annual evaluation" was £3 10 shillings for the land and 5 shillings for the house, and the total annual evaluation of the rateable property was £3 15 shillings. This may be the same Denis McGough (#353) who was holding property in Corcullioncrew at the same time.
354 Thomas McGeough is shown by Griffith's Valuation of 1861 as renting a house and almost 8 acres of land from the Marquis of Bath. The "rateable annual evaluation" was £3 10 shillings for the land and 10 shillings for the house, and the total annual evaluation of the rateable property was £3.
John and Patrick McCue were each renting properties in Kilmurry at this time.
The townland of Kilnacranfy is about a kilometer southwest of Drumdreeny. The Irish grid reference is H872 106, and it is at the bottom of sheet 28B of the Discovery Series of 1:50 000 maps published by the Ordnance Survey of Ireland.
356 Bridget McGough is shown by the Tithe Applotment Books to have possessed land in Kilnacranfy in 1823. Michelle McGoff says that this Bridget was the mother of Henry McGeough.
"The first McGeough listed as living in Kilnacranfy is a Bridget McGeough in the Donaghmoyne Tithe Index of 1823. She was the mother of Henry McGeough (b. abt. 1807 - d. April 25, 1872 in Kilnacranfy). In 1842, at age thirty five, Henry married twenty-three year old Anne McGinn (b.1819 - d.May 12, 1901 in Kilnacranfy) at St. Patrick's Roman Catholic Church at Taplagh, Broomfield, county Monaghan.
"Henry McGeough and Anne McGinn had two known children: Patrick McGeough (b.1851 - d.aft.1901 in Kilnacranfy); Owen McGeough (b. January 1856 - d.aft.1901 in Christchurch, New Zealand)"
355 Henry McGeough is shown by Griffith's Valuation of 1861 as renting a house, offices, and about 19 acres of land from the Marquis of Bath. The "rateable annual evaluation" was £14 10 shillings for the land and 10 shillings for the house, and the total annual evaluation of the rateable property was £15. Henry is honored by gravestone #13 on my page McGough and McGeough Gravestone Inscriptions in County Monaghan. The gravestone spells the name Henry McGough and says he died on April 25, 1872, at the age of 65 years. The stone was erected by Henry's son, Owen McGough, of Christchurch, New Zealand. Anne McGough was the wife of Henry McGough and, according to the gravestone mentioned in the preceding section, died on May 12, 1901, at the age of 82 years. She was the mother of Owen McGough of Christchurch, New Zealand. Michelle McGoff tells us:
"Henry's son, Patrick McGeough appears in the 1901 census living with his wife, Alice McHugh, his mother Anne McGeough (80 years of age) and his 7 children: 1] Owen McGeough, 2] Henry McGeough, 3] Patrick McGeough, 4] Anne McGeough, 5] James McGeough, 6] Mary McGeough & 7] Jack McGeough. A son Thomas McGeough is recorded in the parish registers as being born in 1891 but does not appear in the 1901 census.
"Patrick's son, James McGeough (b.1895 - d. 1979) married Catherine (?) (b.1900 - d.1981) and lived on the farm at Kilnacranfy. They are both buried in St. Michael and St. Victors graveyard, Donaghmoyne.
"Jack McGeough (b.1900 - d.1968) married Katie Finnegan (b.1911 - d.1996) and lived in Dian, Castleblayney, and had one known child: Bridget McGeough. She married Gene McGeough of the Broomfield McGeoughs. Jack and Katie are buried in St. Michael and St. Victors graveyard, Donaghmoyne."
Patrick McGough, the son of Patrick and Alice McGough of Kilnacranfy, Culloville, was a Private in C Company of Canterbury Infantry Regiment (New Zealand) when he was killed in action at age 32 (or possibly 23) on March 27, 1918, at Grevillers, Pas de Calais, France. He is buried there at the Grevillers (New Zealand) Memorial. (Patrick McGough is listed on the New Zealand and World War One roll of Honour and on the website of the War Graves Photographic Project and the Dolores Cross Project.) He had been a farm labourer in New Zealand when he entered active duty. He left New Zealand on August 15, 1917, aboard HM Troopship S S Ruahine. See: 29th Reinforcements. New Zealand Army WWI Reserve Rolls, 1916–1917, on Ancestry.com, lists in 1916 Patrick McGough, a farmer, of Halswell (recruiting district of Christchurch; Halswell is a suburb of Christchurch, about 9 kilometers southwest of the city center), and Owen McGough, a driver, also of Halswell. The Ellesmere Supplementary Roll (region or province of Canterbury) of the New Zealand Electoral Rolls lists in 1914 Patrick McGough, Leadley's Road, Halswell, farm labourer; and in 1919 lists:
McGough, Annie, Leadley's Road, spinster
McGough, Dennis, Lincoln Road, Halswell, farmer.
McGough, Henry, Halswell, farm labourer.
McGough, Mary, Lincoln Road, Halswell, married.
McGough, Owen, Halswell, farmer.
McGough, Owen, Junr., Quarrie, Halswell, carter.
McGough, Patrick, Leadley's Road, Halswell, farm labourer.
Mr. O. McGough, age 42, a farmer, and Miss A. McGough, age 32, D. D., departed Wellington, New Zealand, and arrived in Southampton, England, aboard the S S Rotorua on May 30, 1926. Their permanent residence was New Zealand. Their "Proposed Address in the United Kingdom" was Calloville (sic, should be Culloville) County Monaghan. Their "Country of Intended Future Permanent Residence" was marked "Irish Free State." "Permanent residence" is defined any residence for a year or more. UK Incoming Passenger Lists, 1878–1960, on Ancestry.com.
Monaghan Census Abstracts—1848 and 1851 on film #221476 at the Family History Library are records of requests for a search of the now-destroyed 1851 census. One request shows Henry and Anna McGeough in the 1851 census of Kilnacranfy.
Anne McGeough, Kilnacranfy, Donaghmoyne, Monaghan, Grav 1907 Farney Carrickmacross and Castleblayney c.1819 12-May-07 Henry (#355) Anne Gravestone #13 386.
The townland of Dian is to the immediate west of Kilnacranfy. Gravestone #16 on my web page McGough and McGeough Gravestone Inscriptions in County Monaghan show these persons buried from Dian:
Jack McGeough. Died October 15, 1968. Age 68. Dian.
Katie McGeough, wife of Jack. Died March 22, 1996. Age 85. Dian.
The townland of Edengilrevy is to the immediate north of Dian, and only a kilometer or two southwest of Knockreagh Upper.
358 James McGeough, listed under Knockreagh Lower, died in Edengilrevy in about 1910, according to Michelle McGoff
Mullaghunshinagh and Shancobane are townlands on the eastern edge of the civil parish of Donaghmoyne. They lie in the Catholic parish of Inniskeen, and, in 1861, were part of the estate of the Marquis of Bath. (Griffith's shows a Hugh Fitzpatrick in the townland of Mullaghunshinagh in 1861.) Though Griffith's Valuation shows that Mullaghunshinagh was leased out by the Marquis of Bath, Evelyn P. Shirley, in The History of County Monaghan, at page 525, lists it as a townland "held under the see of Armagh."
From Fincarn Hill, Mullaghunshinagh is 9 kilometers west and 6 kilometers south. It is two kilometers northwest of the town of Inishkeen. The Irish grid reference is 910 080.
364 Patrick McGeogh is shown by Griffith's Valuation of 1861 as renting a house and 15 acres of land from the Marquis of Bath. The "rateable annual evaluation" was £10 10 shillings for the land and £1 for the house, and the total annual evaluation of the rateable property was £11 5 shillings.
365 Francis McGough is shown by the Tithe Applotment Books to have possessed land in Mullaghunshinagh in 1823.
366 Patrick McGough Jr is shown by the Tithe Applotment Books to have possessed land in Mullaghunshinagh in 1823.
367 Patrick McGough Sr is shown by the Tithe Applotment Books to have possessed land in Mullaghunshinagh in 1823.
Shancobane is about three kilometers southwest of Mullaghunshinagh. The birth place of Patrick Kavanagh lies between these two townlands, in the townland of Drumcattan. Shancobane is about 4 kilometers west by southwest of the town of Inishkeen.
368 Owen McGeogh is shown by Griffith's Valuation of 1861 as renting a house, offices, and almost 4 acres of land from the Marquis of Bath. The "rateable annual evaluation" was £3 15 shillings for the land and 15 shillings for the house, and the total annual evaluation of the rateable property was £4 10 shillings.
369 James McGough is shown by the Tithe Applotment Books to have possessed land in Shancobane in 1823.
370 James McGough is shown by the Tithe Applotment Books to have possessed land in Shancobane in 1823.
371 Thomas McGough is shown by the Tithe Applotment Books to have possessed land in Shancobane in 1823.
In the same townland in 1861 were a Felix and Peter McCue, jointly renting houses and almost 30 acres of land for a rent of £13 10 shillings for Felix and £10 5 shillings for Peter. There was also in Shancobane, in 1861, a Mary McKeogh renting a house and 12 acres of land for £12.
The Evelyn Philip Shirley Estate included eight townlands in the civil parish of Donaghmoyne along it border with the civil parish of Magheross (Machaire Rois) to the southwest. Two of the townlands, Cashlan West and Cornasleeve, were occupied by McGoughs. Cashlan West and Cornasleeve are adjoining townlands 6 kilometers south of Fincarn Hill. They lie about 6 kilometers north by northwest of the town of Carrickmacross. (The townlands of Killarue and Lattylanigan, also in the Shirley estate, are also in Donaghmoyne. Killarue lies to the southwest of Cashlan West and between Cashlan West and the Donaghmoyne-Magheross border. Lattylanigan lies to the southwest of Cornasleeve and between Cornasleeve and the Donaghmoyne-Magheross border.)
343 Anne McGough is shown by Griffith's Valuation of 1861 as renting a house, offices, and 5 acres of land from Evelyn P. Shirley. The "rateable annual evaluation" was £3 10 shillings for the land and 10 shillings for the house, and the total annual evaluation of the rateable property was £4.
Patrick McGeogh, until May 8, 1849, occupied the same property in Cashlan West that was later occupied by Anne McGeogh. The rental book of the Shirley estate for November, 1848, shows the half year's rent of £1 16 6, and a bog rent of £0 8 3, due by Patrick McGeogh in November, 1848, was paid on October 17, 1869. Under the column headed "Changes in Tenancy Permitted" is the notation: "Now Anne McGeogh 8 May 1849." (PRONI D/3531/R/7/5). Anne was probably Patrick's widow.
346 Michael McGough is shown by Griffith's Valuation of 1861 as renting 13 acres of land from Evelyn P. Shirley. The "rateable annual evaluation" was £9 10 shillings for the land, which was the total annual evaluation of the rateable property.
Drumlurg is also listed by Shirley as a townland of the Mountains of Clankervill in Donaghmoyne in the Bath Estate. Drumlurg is immediately north of the townland of Cashlan West, which was part of the Evelyn Philip Shirley estate in 1861.
Torlogh McGeogh is listed in the townland of Drumlurg in 1663 by the Hearth Money Rolls (Rushe, p.294). See Hearth Money Rolls for County Monaghan: McGeogh, McGeough, and McGogh; and Irish Census Substitutes—Hearth Money Rolls, County Monaghan, Ireland—1663 and 1665—Barony of Farney—Donaghmoyne Parish.
Bocks Upper is a townland in the parish of Donaghmoyne and Poor Law Union of Carrickmacross. The Shirley Papers at PRONI lists the townland of Bocks Upper, Bocks (Middle), and Bocks Lower as belonging to Horatio H. Shirley, a cousin of E. P. Shirley. Bocks Upper is in the southwest of Donaghmoyne, and is to the west and one townland (Aghaclogan) removed from Cashlan West, above, where there was a Patrick McGeogh until 1849. On August 9, 2006, I received this email from David O'Daly:
" Hello Hugh
" I recently had the good fortune to find an autobiography of my great grandfather's brother, one Hugh (O') Daly of Bocks Upper, Donaghmoyne, and in the section on his paternal uncles he mentions one of his aunts Mary O'Daly marrying a McGough. Charles, my gg-grandfather, was born 1816 and as he ended up with the farm I assume he was the eldest hence Mary would have been born say 1820–1830. The passage is as follows:
'Hugh’s father was one of seven children: three boys and four girls, It appears that only Charles remained in Ireland. Of Hugh’s paternal aunts and uncles, we learn that ‘Patrick stole away and came to Utica, New York, where he prospered’ in the liquor business, while William, was indicted for treason during the 1848 Rebellion and escaped under another name to Glasgow, where he eventually died. Of the four girls in the family, Margaret married Mick McNally, but they eventually sold their farm and emigrated with their two daughters. Mary married Patrick McGough, but died young leaving four children, two of whom were adopted by her brother Pat in Utica. Betty married Tom Martin. They had ‘a fine farm in Donaghmoyne’ but sold it and went to Glasgow. Aunt Elizabeth also went to Utica, New York. She never married and was buried in Poughkeepsie.
'I hope that this may be of some use to you. As the autobiography is unpublished as yet the information may not be readily available.'"
The Patrick Daly who moved from Donaghmoyne to Utica may be the head of this family listed in the 1880 census of Utica, Oneida county, New York
(1880) Patrick Daly, age 43, saloon keeper, born in Ireland (T-9, roll 904, page 126, line 23; Family History Film: 1254904).
Margaret Daly, age 42, wife, keeping house, born in Ireland.
Elizabeth Daly, age 12, daughter, at school, born in New York.
Magheracloone is the southernmost parish of the barony of Farney and the county of Monaghan. On its northern boundary lie the parishes of Magheross (to the west) and Inishkeen (to the east).
The townland of Aghinillard (H784 030) is in the northwest quadrant of the parish of Magheracloone. It is 6 kilometers west by southwest of the town of Carrickmacross. In 1841, the townland of Aghinillard consisted of 179 acres and had a population of 191 persons. In 1985, the population was 16. Subverting Patriarchy: Irish Women, the Landlord and Emigration from the Shirley Estate, Carrickmacross, Co. Monaghan, by Ruth-Ann M. Harris, Boston College. Aghinillard is about 3 1/2 kilometers southeast of the townland of Raferagh in the civil parish of Magheross (see below).
434 James McGu is shown to have possessed land in the townland of Aghinillard in 1832 by the Tithe Applotment Books.
The townland of Drumcarrow is in the parish of Magheracloone, about 5 kilometers west by southwest of Carrickmacross, and about 3 1/2 kilometers northeast of Crumlin. The Irish grid reference is H798 025. It lies immediately east of Aghinillard.
439 Myles McGeogh is shown to have rented land in Drumcarrow in 1861 by Griffith's Valuation. The landlord was Evelyn P. Shirley. Miles McGeogh of Drumcarrow was one of 452 tenants of the Shirley estate who, in September of 1838, signed a document of appreciation "To Evelyn P. Shirley, Esq., our good and respected landlord." The document expresses thanks "for the solicitude evidenced by you and your respectable agent, for the education and spiritual welfare of us and our Children" and for helping the tenantry to "see more clearly that the reading of the Sacred Scriptures is our undoubted privilege." That the signers of the document were mostly Catholic is shown by a reference to "our own Douay version" of the Bible. The document is in the records of the Shirley estate at PRONI (D/3531/P—box 2).
For several photographs of the McGeough Drumcarrow Homestead, and a picture of a later Myles McGeough who lived from 1887 to 1968, go to Drumcarrow Homestead [http://community.webshots.com/photo/46902560/46992674ubrMjd] or [http://community.webshots.com/album/47111751tlaWIf/0]. This is part of the website Photo Albums by ruthmcgoughray [http://community.webshots.com/user/ruthmcgoughray]. Ruth McGough Ray died on July 27, 2012, at her home in LaCrosse, Wisconsin. The links to her valuable web pages have gone dead, but I have included the URLS in the hope that they may be available through the WayBack Machine. Ruth McGough Ray, author of the site, says that Theo McMahon, genealogist and historian of county Monaghan, told her that her that her grandfather, Bernard McGough, was born in 1859, and had six brothers and sisters: Bridget, Mary, Peter, Patrick, Myles, and Anne. Their parents were Myles McGough and Margaret Finegan, who were married on October 19, 1842. For more on the later generations of the family of Bernard McGough, go to my page: John and Peter McGoughTwo Brothers in Jo Daviess County, Illinois, and look for Bernard James McGough and Margaret Baker under "McGoughs in Sangamon and Marcoupin Counties, Illinois."
[On April 20, 1860, Myles McGeogh, a machinist living on 44th Street, New York City, opened account number 23,643, in the New York Emigrant Savings Bank. He was a native of Magheracloone, county Monaghan. He had arrived in New York City in 1857 aboard the James Wright. He was single. His parents were Myles McGeogh and Elizabeth Duffy, both of whom were dead. See the notes under Miles McGough the 1860 census of New York City, 22nd Ward, and in the 1870 census of New York City, 19th Ward, 1st E. D.; and under Myles McGeogh in the 1900 census of New York, Queens County, Queens Borough, 1st Ward.]
Peter McGeough and Jane Donnelly McGeough are listed by the IGI as parents of Jane McGeough born on December 18, 1878, at Drumcarrow, Monaghan, Ireland.
The townland of Ballaghnagearn is in the parish of Magheracloone, about two kilometers north of Crumlin, and a little more than one kilometer west by southwest of Drumcarrow. The Irish grid reference is H780 015.
Miles McGeogh rented property in "Ballaghnagern" from Evelyn P. Shirley in 1848. This is probably the same Miles McGeogh (#439) who rented property in Drumcarrow. The rent book of the Shirley estate shows the rental rate for one half a year to be £ 0 10 0, and a change in tenancy permitted in 1849: "Now Elizabeth McGeogh." In a box of miscellaneous papers of the Shirley estate, there is a "List of Insolvent arrears of Bog to clear 1848, at 31 August 1850," which contains the entry: "Ballaghnagarn, Miles McGeogh, 0 4.4. (D/3531/P—box 1)
The townland of Crumlin forms the southwest corner of the parish of Magheracloone. It is on the border with county Cavan. It is bisected by the Shercock-Kingscourt road (R-162), is 9 1/2 kilometers southeast of Shercock, 3 1/2 kilometers northwest of Kings Court, and 9 kilometers southwest of Carrickmacross. The Irish grid reference is H765 990.
435 Patrick McGough is shown to have possessed land in the townland of Crumlin in 1832 by the Tithe Applotment Books. He was may be the Patrick McGeogh who was also renting property in the adjoining township of Drumerlough Beg and brother of Michael McGough, listed immediately below, who, in 1846, followed his brother to Lindsay, Ontario. [On the other hand, this Patrick may be the father of the Michael McGough in Crumlin and the Patrick McGeogh in Drumerlough Beg.]
Michael McGough was born in the townland of Crumlin in 1805. He married Roseanna (Rose) Halton in about 1830. In 1845, Michael and Rose, and their five children, received assisted passage from Shirley estate and migrated to Lindsay, Ontario, where they raised at least five more children. He was followed a year later by his brother, Patrick McGeogh of the adjoining townland of Drumerlough Beg (see below). See my web page: Michael McGough and Rosanna Halton of Lindsay, Ontario; Connections with Eau Claire, Wisconsin. Three of the children of Michael and Rose later moved to Eau Claire, Wisconsin:
Thomas McGough, their fifth child and second son, who was born in Ireland in 1843, and who was the last of their children born in Ireland, left Lindsay at the age of 16 or 17 in 1861, and was in Eau Claire no later than 1866. Thomas married Ellen Kitt. Their first son, John McGough, was born in Eau Claire on May 1, 1866. My great-grandmother, Catherine Fitzpatrick McGough, was a sponsor at John's baptism. Thomas and Ellen Kitt McGough had nine children, all born in Eau Claire.
John Joseph McGough, their sixth child and third son, who was born on June 2, 1850, and who was the first child born in Lindsay, Ontario, moved to Eau Claire, Wisconsin, in 1866, when he was 16 years old. John Joseph McGough was married twice in Eau Claire and raised two large families there.
Margaret Ellen McGeough, their third child and second daughter, who was born in Ireland in 1838, married Bartholomew Fitzsimmons on September 8, 1861, in St. Mary's Church in Lindsay, Ontario. She and her husband moved to Eau Claire sometime before 1870. She was divorced in Eau Claire in 1880, and married Michael Keane in Eau Claire in 1881.
The townland of Drumerlough Beg is in the parish of Magheracloone, immediately north of the eastern part of the townland of Crumlin.
Patrick McGeogh is shown by the rental records of the Shirley estate for November 1848 as holding land in "Dromurloghbeg W." The half year's rental of £2.3.6 due on November 1, 1848, was paid on February 16, 1850. Patrick McGeogh's name is lined through on the rent book, and a change of tenant made to Laurence Hand in March, 1850 (PRONI D/3531/R/7/5). This is may be the same Patrick McGeogh (#435) shown by the Tithe Applotment Books as holding land in the townland of Crumlin in 1832. He was probably a brother of Michael McGough, listed above in the township of Crumlin, who followed his brother to Lindsay, Ontario, in 1846, the year after his brother emigrated. See my web page: Michael McGough and Rosanna Halton of Lindsay, Ontario; Connections with Eau Claire, Wisconsin.
Drumboory is a townland on the eastern boundary of the parish of Magheracloone. To the immediate east of Drumboory lies the parish of Killanny. Shirley, at page 537, lists Drumboory as one of seventeen townlands that make up "Hadzor's Fee Farm" now belonging to William Brownlow. Drumboory is about 5 kilometers south by southwest of Carrickmacross, and contains Drumboory Lough. The Irish grid reference is H868 993.
438 Patrick McGough is shown to have held land in 1832 in Drumboory, Magheracloone parish, by the Tithe Applotment Books.
Shirley, at page 261, describes the grant on April 20, 1618, by the Earl of Essex to John Hadzor of Keppock, county Louth, of "nineteen tates of land, afterward's well known as Hadzor's Fee-Farm, in the Parish of Magheracloone," and states that John Hadzor forfeited the land as a rebel on October 23, 1641. Lieutenant Robert Boteler, in his report of November, 1835, on the Parish of Magheracloone, in the Ordnance Survey Memoirs of Ireland - Counties of South Ulster 1834–1838 (Counties of Leitrim, Louth, Monaghan and Sligo) (The Institute of Irish Studies, The Queens University of Belfast, 1998), volume 40, page 142), adds some local lore:
"A certain portion of the parish, composed of fifteen townlands (see Name books) and situated at the southern part of the parish, goes by the name of Hadson's Fee Farm.
"It is said that the Earl of Essex was taken suddenly ill while away from home and carried to the house of one Hadson, whose daughter, on his recovery, he seduced and cohabited with. To reconcile the father's feelings he gave him on leaving the above-mentioned portion of the parish, which to this day is known as Hadson's Fee Farm."
The civil parish of Magheross has also been known as the parish of Carrickmacross. For general information on Carrickmacross, see:
Carrickmacross—A Plantation Town
Carrickmacross Poor Law Union
County Monaghan, Ireland—Civil Parishes—Carrickmacross, Carrick or Magheross. This site includes the Griffith's Valuation Name Index of 1861, with landlords.
I found no McGoughs in Magheross in either the Tithe Applotment Books or Griffith's Valuation. The Householder's Index, however, shows one McGough had been listed in Magheross in 1823 in the Tithe Applotment Books. (See line #440 of my table: McGoughs, McGeoughs, and McGeoghs in Ireland in the 182030s and 185060s: By County, Parish, and Townland.) Thus far, I have found no such listing. Ann McGeough Harney, however, on her web page General Valuations of Rateable Property in Co. Monaghan Ireland, Union of Carrickmacross, under Corcullioncrew, lists a Denis M'Geough; under Corrinshigah (parish of Donaghmoyne), lists a Patrick M'Geough; under Kilnacranfy (parish of Donaghmoyne), lists a Henry M'Geough; and under Drumcarrow (parish of Magheracloone), a Myles M'Geogh; but none of these persons was in the civil parish of Magheross, but rather in the adjoining parish indicated. Evelyn P. Shirley, in Appendix V to The History of County Monaghan, lists three members of a McGeogh family in the town of Carrickmacross, parish of Magheross, county Monaghan, in 1666:
Charles McGeogh (Shirley, app. V, p.597 483.)
Margarett McGeogh (Shirley, app. V, p.597 484.)
Patricke McGeogh. He was born on December 9, 1666, in the barony of Farney, town of Carrickmacross. His father was Charles McGeogh. His mother was Margarett McGeogh. His godfather was Thomas Tallant. His godmother was Margaret Conry. (Shirley, app. V, p.597 485.)
Francis McGeough married Ann Mortimer in Glasgow, Scotland, in 1845, according to Scottish marriage records. Francis left Carrickmacross for Scotland in August of 1841 according to an application for Poor Law relief he filed in Glasgow on December 15, 1877 under the name Frank McGough. He said that he was born in Carrickmacross, county Magheross, Ireland, to John McGough and Mary Reilly. He was probably born around 1820–5. Both his parents were dead at the time of the application. His wife, Ann Mortimer, had died on January 22, 1858, and he was a widower. He was a tailor. He lived with his son, John McGough, at 38 St. Andrews Square, Glasgow. His son was a whipmaker, age 30, married to Helen Hill. Ann Mortimer's parents were Philip Mortimer, a nailer, and Bridget Cairns, both of whom were dead at the time of the application. A note in the file indicates that Frank McGough died in the poorhouse in Scotland on February 12, 1881 (12/2/81). John died on January 12, 1885, and was "buried by friends."
Here is a posting on Monaghan Roots by Janette Smith of Glasgow on September 8, 2004:
McGeogh, Carrickmacross, 1810
Alice McGeogh born abt 1815, daughter of John McGeogh and Mary Reilly
Married in Glasgow abt 1835, to Philip Crawley.
Be emails of September 3, 2005, Janette tells me that Alice McGeogh married Philip Crawley (or Crolly) at St. Andrews Cathedral in Glasgow on July 4, 1836, and lived for most of the time in High Street, a block away from St. Andrews Square. She also says:
"The name appears as McEwan too. I have the death cert for John and Mary's daughter Alice, 1875. aged 55. There is also a reference in an other poor relief claim for an Alice McEwan, a dealer in old clothes, for 1862 that has an Alice, a brother's daughter residing with her. It is the same address as my Alice's family. Also the whole family, along with the Crollys (Crawley) were dealers in clothes and 'delph' ware. ... Patrick Crolly, Alice's husband, gave Killanny as his birth place at the marriage in 1836."
Thomas McGeogh and Catherine Corlais are listed by the IGI as parents of Mary McGeogh born in Carrickmacross, Ireland on September 5, 1864. A separate listing says Mary McGeogh was born to the same parents on December 20, 1865.
Michael Mageough and Rose McEnally are listed by the IGI as parents of Rose Mageough born on June 15, 1879, at Carrickmacross, Monaghan, Ireland.
The name of Garrett McEohee is listed in An Index to the Rebels of 1641 in the County Monaghan Depositions by Donald M. Schlegel (1995 Clogher Record, page 95). The entry in the depositions (page 179b) is: "Garrett McEohee kept some goods of Elizabeth Williams of Carrickmacross." McEohee is a phonetic spelling of Mac Eochaidh or Mac Eochadha. The G in McGough comes from the Mac, which is usually pronounced Mag in front of a soft vowel. See Pronunciation of McGough.
In 1841, the townland of Carrickadooey (H732 094) consisted of 266 acres and had a population of 207. In 1985, the population was 7. Subverting Patriarchy: Irish Women, the Landlord and Emigration from the Shirley Estate, Carrickmacross, Co. Monaghan, by Ruth-Ann M. Harris, Boston College. Carrickadooey is about 1 1/2 kilometers southwest of Bellatrain Lough and 2 kilometers southwest of the town of Shantonagh, 4 kilometers north by northeast of the town of Shercock, and 13 kilometers west by northwest of the town of Carrickmacross.
Thomas McGough was a son of James McGough and Mary Callan. James McGough was the son of Peter McGough and Nancy McGurk. A genealogy of this family will be found under the heading Shantonagh Rectangle on my page: McGoughs, McGeoughs, and McGeoghs in the Civil Parish of Aghnamullen. Thomas McGough was born in 1872 in the parish of Aghnamullen and died in Carrickadooey in February 1930. He married Mary Ann Tumilty of the townland of Carrickadooey, which is at the northwest edge of the civil parish of Magheross and is next to the townland of Tullyglass in Aghnamullen, just west of Shantonagh. They had a homestead in Carrickadooey, and raised their children there. Their son, James Joseph McGough, was born in Carrickadooey on July 19, 1903, and emigrated to the US in 1927. His papers describing his apprenticeship as a blacksmith in Ireland spell his surname as McGeough. He married Nora Fahy in Cambridge, Massachusetts, in October of 1932, and raised a family in Arlington, Massachusetts. One child was Thomas J. McGough, who was born in Arlington, Massachusetts on February 23, 1934. Thomas J. McGough married June Alma DeCourcey on July 20, 1964, who prepared the family tree from which I have extracted this information. Nora Fahy McGough died on August 18, 1955. James Joseph McGough then married Marguerite (Peggy) Comeaux. After James Joseph McGough's mother, Mary Ann Tumilty McGough, died during childbirth, Thomas McGough married Ann Larkin on April 29, 1912. After Thomas McGough's death in Carrickadooey in 1930, James McGough brought Ann Larkin to Massachusetts in 1930. Ann died in 1946 and is buried in Mt. Pleasant Cemetery in Arlington, Massachusetts.
The townland of Corrinenty (H763 097) was part of the Shirley estate in the 1800s, and is located 3 kilometers east of the townland of Carrickadooey and a little over a kilometer south by southeast of the town of Shantonagh. James McGough and Mary Hamill are listed in the IGI as parents of Bridget McGough born in Corrinenty (spelled Coraninty) on January 29, 1881. The register of the Catholic parish of Aughnamullen West in Latton lists these additional births to James McGeough and Mary Hamill: Arthur Patrick McGeough on April 17, 1883; Eugene McGeough on May 24, 1885; Mary Ann McGeough on April 9, 1889; and Michael McGeough on June 30, 1892. See Baptisms and Marriages in the Catholic Parish of Aughnamullen West.
The townland of Raferagh (H753 046) is at the southwest corner of the parish of Magheross, and the civil parish of Magheracloone lies along its southern border. Raferagh is 8 1/2 kilometers west of Carrickmacross, 3 kilometers southeast of Shercock, and just north of the townlands of Aghinillard and Drumcarrow. Raferagh was the name of a registration district, and the births of several children born in the Catholic parish of Aughnamullen West are reported by the IGI as if they were born in Raferagh because the births were registered there.
Bernard McGough and Rose McCabe are listed by the IGI as the parents of Michael McGough, born on December 7, 1866. The birth is registered at Raferagh, parish of Donaghmoyne, county of Monaghan. See Lisinisky Square on my page Bernard McGough and Rose McCabe, residents of the townland of Corrachara, civil parish of Aghnamullen, were married on June 22, 1869, in the Catholic parish of Aughnamullen West. McGoughs, McGeoughs, and McGeoghs in the Civil Parish of Aghnamullen.
Patt McGough and Ellen Conlon are listed by the IGI as parents of Elizabeth McGough born on December 7, 1866. The birth is registered at Raferagh, Monaghan, Ireland. See my page Baptisms and Marriages in the Catholic Parish of Aughnamullen West. Patrick McGough and Ellen Conlin lived in the townland of Corgreagh in the civil parish of Aghnamullen. Patrick Magough and Ellen Conlon of Corgreagh are shown as the parents of Brigid Magough, baptized on January 21, 1868, by the church records of the Catholic parish of Aughnamullen West. The records of the same parish show the marriage of Patrick Magough and Ellen Conlan on February 3, 1852. Records furnished by Peadar Murnane show the baptism of Patrick McGeough, son of Patrick McGeough and Ellen Conlon, in the Catholic church at Latton in the parish lof Aughnamullen West on August 6, 1874. See: McGoughs, McGeoughs, and McGeoghs in the Civil Parish of Aghnamullen.
Thomas McGough and Mary McEffett (McEvatt?) are listed by the IGI as parents of James McGough born in Raferagh, Monaghan, on September 17, 1864. Thomas McGoff and Mary McEffett are listed by the IGI as parents of Peter McGoff born on November 7, 1866, in Raferagh, Monaghan, Ireland.
The civil parish is spelled Inishkeen, and the Catholic parish Inniskeen. Here are some comments on the Catholic Parish of Inniskeen from the website of the Patrick Kavanagh Centre, Inniskeen, Co. Monaghan, Ireland:
"History of Inniskeen, County Monaghan
"Inniskeen, as it is now called, is situated on the Monaghan /Louth border. It is mentioned in the Annals of the Four Masters—'Combustes Maeldun in Insula Caoin', a local chieftain was burned to death on the local island of Inis Caoin on the river Fane - under the date 636 AD. ...
"Inis Caoin was attacked and burned by Viking invaders in 789 AD. An impetus towards rebuilding with stone resulted in the construction of a round tower as a combined belfry and refuge. The entrance to the tower was set high above the ground and at the sound of the alarm from the belfry above, those seeking safely would mount rapidly, pulling their ladder up after them.
"The twelfth century was a period of transition and change. The three changes to effect Inis Caoin were:
"1. The arrival of the new Augustinian order of monks to the new Saint Mary's Abbey at Louth
"2. The re-organising of the Church into dioceses with bishops, deaneries and parishes which began at the Synod of Rathbreasail, Co. Tipperary in 1111 AD and was completed at the Synod of Kells, Co. Meath in 1152 AD.
"3. Followed by the Anglo-Norman conquest in 1196AD
"The Norman knights, led by John De Courcy, realised the strategic importance of the area and the Monastic site. They constructed a motte on top of and around the stone-age burial chamber. The motte was crowned by a stockade, with a fortified bailey or courtyard at the base. At the date 1178 AD the Annals of the Four Masters records the devastation by the Normans, of Machaire Norman Knight Conaill - the plain in which Inis-Caoin stands.
"Through the middle ages and down to the suppression of the monasteries, the Augustinians of St. Mary's Abbey at Louth, were the pastors of the new parish of Inis-Caoin. The people lived in scattered towns or cabins built in formless clusters, namely, Candlefort, Drumass, Mullaghinsha, Blackshanquogh (Shancoduff) and Blackstaff.
"In 1509 AD copies of English Maps and surveys Inis-Caoin was anglicised as "Enniskeen or Iniskene" and the are noted as church land, belonging to the primate of Armagh, who at that time was in dispute with the Earl of Essex as to the ownership of townlands south west of the river Fane. The territory was then called Clancarroll, part of the Barony of Farney. [?]
"In the late 17th century these lands became the property of Viscount Weymouth, Lord Bath. Thus they remained until the Bath Estate was sold to the tenants in the 1880's."
For a map, see Townland boundaries in Roman Catholic Parish of Inishkeen, County Monaghan.
See: Economy and Society in South Ulster in the Eighteenth Century by W. H. Crawford.
Ballakelly (sometimes spelled Ballykelly) is a townland on the border of county Louth and county Monaghan, Ireland. Ballakelly forms the southern tip of the civil parish of Inishkeen (Catholic parish of Inniskeen).
386 Patrick McGough is shown by Griffith's Valuation of 1861 as renting a bog of 32 perches from Joseph Plunkett. The "rateable annual evaluation" was 5 shillings, which was the total annual evaluation of the rateable property. This is probably the Patrick McGough (#394) who rented a house in the adjoining townland of Cornagarvoge.
Cornagarvoge is immediately west of Ballakelly, and forms the southwest corner of the civil parish of Inniskeen. To the west is Donaghmoyne parish, and to the south is Killanny parish.
388 Arthur McGough. The widow of Arthur McGough is shown to have possessed land in Cornagarvoge in 1824 by the Tithe Applotment Books.
389 Eau (? Hugh?) McGough is shown to have possessed land in Cornagarvoge in 1824 by the Tithe Applotment Books.
390 James McGough is shown by Griffith's Valuation of 1861 as renting a house, offices, and almost 8 acres of land from John Plunkett Kenny. The "rateable annual evaluation" was £3 5 shillings for the land and 10 shillings for the house, and the total annual evaluation of the rateable property was £3 15 shillings.
391 James McGough is shown to have possessed land in Cornagarvoge in 1824 by the Tithe Applotment Books.
392 Laurence McGough is shown to have possessed land in Cornagarvoge in 1824 by the Tithe Applotment Books.
393 Matthew McGough is shown to have possessed land in Cornagarvoge in 1824 by the Tithe Applotment Books.
394 Patrick McGough is shown by Griffith's Valuation of 1861 as renting a house and a small garden from Hugh Callan. (Hugh Callan, in turn, rented 32 acres from John Plunkett Kenny.) The "rateable annual evaluation" was 5 shillings, which was the total annual evaluation of the rateable property. This is probably the Patrick McGough (#386) who rented a bog in the adjoining townland of Ballakelly.
395 Peter McGough is shown to have possessed land in Cornagarvoge in 1824 by the Tithe Applotment Books.
Drumcah is the townland immediately north of Cornagarvoge.
Andrew McGeough, who was born in Drumcah in 1818, and who married Rose Madden. They were ancestors of Father Patrick (Paddy) McGeough, who became Bishop of Fremont, California. (June 23, 1999, email of Joan T. Sullivan.)
Edward McGeough was born in Drumcah in 1867 to Andrew and Rose Madden McGeough. He married Patty Kavanaugh. They were ancestors of Father Patrick (Paddy) McGeough, who became Bishop of Fremont, California. (June 23, 1999, email of Joan T. Sullivan).. Other information, however, indicates that Edward McGough was born in 1864, and married Rose Madden in 1890. See the website from....Ballykelly and beyond by Brian J. Duffy of Kentucky. Census information in 1901 and 1911 indicate that Edward's wife was named Rose. On the web page entitled McGeough/McGough is the record of the baptism of Edward McGough in 1864 from the parish records of Inishkeen. One of the sponsors was Arthur McGough. The site also contains a record of the baptism of Edward's brother, James McGough, in 1870; and the marriage of Edward McGough (son of Andrew McGough) and Rose Madden on July 18, 1890, in the parish of Louth.
396 James McGough is shown by Griffith's Valuation of 1861 as renting a house, with no land, from Mary Hamill. Mary Hamill in turn rented 35 acres from Joseph Plunkett. The "rateable annual evaluation" was 5 shillings.
398 Patrick McGough is shown by Griffith's Valuation of 1861 as renting a house and 6 acres of land from Joseph Plunkett. The "rateable annual evaluation" was £4 for the land and 15 shillings for the house, and the total annual evaluation of the rateable property was £4 15 shillings.
The 1901 census of Ireland for the townland of Drumcah, electoral district of Inniskeen, poor law district of Carrickmacross, lists these three McGough families living close to each other::
Peter McGough, 7 persons in family, landholder, in a 2 room brick or concrete house and several outbuildings, with four rooms occupied. [Also listed in the 1911 census.] [See gravestone #25 on my page McGough and McGeough Gravestone Inscriptions in County Monaghan. The townland that is modernly spelled Drumcah is spelled Drumcay on the gravestone.] On June 5, 1917, in San Francisco, California, John McGough, who was born in Drumcay, county Monaghan, Ireland, on June 9, 1893, registered for the US draft. He was single, and resided at 1341 Hayes Street, San Francisco, California. He was working out of the McAllister car barn as a motorman for "United R Ry." World War I Draft Registration Cards, 1917–1918 on Ancestry.com. This may be the John McGough listed by the 1920 census of San Francisco (Assembly District 21) as 24 years old, single, born in Ireland who emigrated in 1914 and was naturalized in 1917, a watchman for a railroad, living with his brother-in-law, Matthew Hoey, age 43, born in Ireland, who emigrated in 1896, and was naturalized in 1902, and was working as a clerk for a railroad. Matthew's wife was Annie Hoey, age 35, born in Ireland, who emigrated in 1904. She was the mother of 2 children, ages 11 and 8, both born in California. They were living on Mississippi Street. Ellis Island records show that John McGough, age 20, single, a laborer, arrived at the Port of New York aboard the Adriatic from Liverpool on June 5, 1914. The ship's manifest lists his nearest relative in the place he came from as his father, Peter W. Gough (sic) (possibly the Peter McGough on gravestone #25) of Drumcah, Monaghan (spelled Muishun?) and his destination as the home of his sister, Mrs. Annie Hoey, 238 Mississippi Street, San Francisco, California. His place of birth is listed as Drumcah, Ireland. This is the John McGough, born on June 9, 1893, in "Drumcay Monahan Ireland," who registered for the WWI draft in San Francisco on June 5, 1917. His age was 24; his address was 1341 Hayes Street, San Francisco; he was single; he was employed by United R. Ry. as a motorman at the McAllister car barns. He was short, of medium build, with blue eyes and brown hair. The 1910 census of San Francisco (Assembly District, precinct 45) lists John McGough, single, age 24, born in Ireland, who immigrated in 1914 and was naturalized in 1917, a watchman with a railroad, who could neither read nor write, living with his brother-in-law, Matthew Hoey, age 43, born in Ireland, who immigrated in 1896 and was naturalized in 1902, a clerk for a railroad; and John McGough's sister, Annie Hoey, age 35, born in Ireland, who emigrated in 1904 (and 2 children, both born in California, Matthew, age 11, and Rosa A., age 8), at 242 Mississippi Street (T-625, roll 132, page 2B, line 73).]
[Thomas McGough,age 25, a laborer, who was born in Inniskeen, Ireland, and whose father was Peter McGough of Drumcah, Inniskeen, county Monaghan, Ireland, arrived at the port of New York aboard The Cymric from Cristobal, C.Z. (Panama Canal Zone), on may 15, 1915. The ship's manifest says he was on the way to visit his brother, John McGough, at 242 Mississippi Street, San Francisco, California. Thomas McGough, who gave his address as 242 Mississippi Street, San Francisco, registered for the draft on the same day as John McGough, June 5, 1917. Thomas gave his birth place as county Monaghan, Ireland; his date of birth as March 17, 1892, and his occupation as a car repairer employed by the Southern Pacific on 7th Street. He had a disabled foot. There was a Thomas McGough, age 29, born in Ireland, single, who, in the 1920 census, was an inmate in the Stockton State Hospital in Stockton, San Joaquin county, California. The census records shows that he had emigrated in 1915.]
James McGough, 2 persons in family, landholder, in a 2 room brick or concrete house, with only one outbuilding, with two rooms occupied.
Andrew McGough, age 79, born in county Monaghan, widower farmer, Roman Catholic, could read, could speak Irish and English, 8 persons in family, in a 2 room brick or concrete house and several outbuildings, with three rooms occupied. [Listed as Edward McGeough, age 95, retired farmer, in the 1911 census.]
Edward McGough (son), age 36, born in county Monaghan, married, farmer, Roman Catholic, could read and write, spoke English. [Listed as Edward McGeough, age 47, in one place in the 1911 census., and Edward McGough on another page of the same census. ]
Rose McGough (daughter-in-law), age 39, born in county Louth, Roman Catholic, could read and write, spoke English. [probably Rose Madden, see above] [listed as age 52 in the 1911 census].
Andy McGough (grandson), age 9, born in County Monaghan, scholar, Roman Catholic, could read and write, spoke English.
Mary McGough (granddaughter), age 8, born in County Monaghan, scholar, Roman Catholic, could read and write, spoke English.
Patrick McGough (grandson), age 7, born in County Monaghan, scholar, Roman Catholic, could read and write, spoke English. [Note listed with this family in the 1911 census.]
John McGough (grandson), age 5, born in County Monaghan, scholar, Roman Catholic, could read and write, spoke English.
Edward McGough (grandson), age 3, born in County Monaghan, Roman Catholic, could not read, spoke English.
[There is another child listed in the 1911 census: Kate McGeough, age 8 (in 1911), born in county Monaghan, scholar.]
Candlefort is about 3 kilometers north of Ballakelly, about a kilometer southwest of the town of Inishkeen, and near the site of Patrick Kavanagh's grave. It is to the immediate east of the townland of Mucker, which is now in the civil parish of Donaghmoyne, but in the Catholic parish of Inishkeen, where Patrick Kavanagh was born.
387 Patrick McGough is shown by Griffith's Valuation of 1861 as renting a house from Anne O'Hagan. The "rateable annual evaluation" was 5 shillings, which was the total annual evaluation of the rateable property. Anne O'Hagan rented 70 acres from the Earl of Donaghmore and sublet several houses.
The parish of Killanny is on the eastern edge of county Monaghan. The eastern third of Killanny lies in county Louth. Killanny adjoins the southern borders of the parishes of Inishkeen and Donaghmoyne, and the eastern borders of the parishes of Magheross and Magheracloone. The parish of Killanny is east of the town of Carrickmacross and straddles the Fane River where that river forms the boundary between county Monaghan and county Louth.
There were McGoughs in four of the townlands of Killanny that lie in county Louth: Tullyraine, Killanny, Drumard, and Corradoran. These will be found in my page McGoughs, McGeoughs and McGoughs in County Louth.
Hugh McGough was born in Killanny parish about 1821. I do not know the townland. He married Mary Halpin. Hugh and Mary Halpin McGue emigrated to the United States in 1855 (one source says 1846) with a daughter, Mary, who was born in Ireland in 1841 (and perhaps other children), James Halpin (Mary Halpin McGough's brother), and his wife Catherine Farnan Halpin. Thomas McGue, the brother of Patricia McGue Phillips, says that the family history is that Hugh and Mary Halpin McGough walked from Cleveland to Milan, Ohio, where the family ultimately farmed about 500 acres of land. He also says that for many years, the old McGue homestead in Milan had a plaque over the door, proclaiming it an Ohio Historical Site. Hugh McGue is buried in St. Anthony's cemetery in Milan, Ohio, where most of his family is buried. His gravestone bears the inscription: "Hugh McGue, County Monaghan, Killanny Parish." For more on this family in the United States, see the entries under H. Gough in Erie county, township of Milan, Ohio, on my page McGoughs and McGues in the 1860 Census of the United States
The townland of Ballingary is less than a kilometer north of Essexford (H890300) which is 5 kilometers east of Carrickmacross.
Shane Bane McGeough is listed for 1663 in the townland of Ballingarry in the parish of Killanny. See Hearth Money Rolls for County Monaghan: McGeogh, McGeough, and McGogh.
The townland of Kinallyduff lies about a kilometer to the west by southwest of Ballingarry, is immediately northwest of the townland of Coolremony, and is on the northwest border of the parish of Killanny. It is three miles west of the town of Carrickmacross.
425 Catherine McGeogh is shown by Griffith's Valuation of 1861 as holding property in Kinallyduff.
Coolaha and Coolremony
Coolaha and Coolremony are adjoining townlands in the northwest quadrant of the parish of Killanny. The eastern border of Coolaha forms part of the western border of county Louth. Coolremony is immediately north of Coolaha. These townlands lie about five kilometers east by southeast of the town of Carrickmacross, and are about two kilometers south of the Carrickmacross-Dundalk Road (R178). The Irish grid reference is H880 025. The Tithe Applotment Book lists for the townlands of Coolaha and Coolremony combined, so I do not separate them here.
400 Bridget McGeogh is shown by Griffith's Valuation of 1861 as renting a house and 2 acres of land from the Marquis of Bath in Coolaha. The "rateable annual evaluation" was £1 10 shillings for the land and 5 shillings for the house, and the total annual evaluation of the rateable property was £1 15 shillings.
401 Edward McGeogh is shown by Griffith's Valuation of 1861 as renting a house and 14 acres of land from the Marquis of Bath in Coolaha. The "rateable annual evaluation" was £13 10 shillings for the land and £1 for the house, and the total annual evaluation of the rateable property was £14 10 shillings.
402 (and 408) Bryan McGough is shown to have possessed land in Coolaha (& Coolremony) in 1824 by the Tithe Applotment Books. The Tithe Applotment Book lists for the townlands of Coolaha and Coolremony combined.
403 (and 409) Colum McGough Sr. is shown to have possessed land in Coolaha (& Coolremony) in 1824 by the Tithe Applotment Books. The Tithe Applotment Book lists for the townlands of Coolaha and Coolremony combined.
The townland of Coolreagh lies to the immediate east of the townlands of Coolaha and Coolremony and is just inside the eastern border of county Monaghan.
404 Mary McGeogh is shown by Griffith's Valuation of 1861 as renting a house and 7 acres of land in Coolreagh from the Marquis of Bath. The "rateable annual evaluation" was £5 5 shillings for the land and £1 5 shillings for the house, and the total annual evaluation of the rateable property was £6 10 shillings.
405 Catherine McGough is shown to have possessed land in Coolreagh in 1824 by the Tithe Applotment Books.
406 Michael McGough is shown to have possessed land in Coolreagh in 1824 by the Tithe Applotment Books.
407 Thomas McGough is shown to have possessed land in Coolreagh in 1824 by the Tithe Applotment Books.
The townland of Corcreeghagh is in the parish of Louth, county of Louth. The townland is on the boundary of the parish of Louth and the parish of Killanny, and is sometimes identified with the parish of Killanny. Corcreeghagh is in the Catholic parish of Killanny, which leads to some of the confusion. The townland is also on the Louth side of boundary of county Monaghan and county Louth, but is sometimes identified with county Monaghan. See my page on county Louth, under the parish of Louth—Corcreehagh. I discuss the township more thoroughly there because my web pages are based on the boundaries of civil parishes. There is a reference to Corcreagh in the parish of Killanny in the Project Gutenberg EBook edition of The Ned M'Keown Stories— Traits And Stories Of The Irish Peasantry, The Works of William Carleton, Volume Three. When young, Carleton stayed briefly at "the house of a wealthy farmer named Piers Murphy, near Corcreagh" (where he tutored the Murphy children for about six months). He found this a "tame life, and a hard one" and headed toward Dublin. See: Carleton and the Monaghan connection by Seamus McCluskey (published in Monaghan's Match in December, 2003.) There is an article entitled Diary of Piers Murphy of Corcreeghagh for 1858–1862, in the County Louth Archeological and Historical Journal, volume XXIV, number 1 (1997), pages 21–38.
There was also a townland of Corcreeghagh in the parish of Magheross which was part of the Shirley Estate in the 1800s.
A part of the estate of Evelyn P. Shirley extended eastward into the parish of Killanny across its border with Magheross. Shirley, at page 40, shows three townlands on the western tip of Killanny as lying within the Shirley estate: Mullaghmacateer, Tullynaskeagh East, and Tullynaskeagh West. Tullynaskeagh East is a townland on the western border of the parish of Killanny and on the eastern border of the parish of Magheross (and the townland of Magheross). Tullynaskeagh East is 2 to 3 kilometers southeast of the town of Carrickmacross, and straddles the Carrickmacross-Ardee highway (N2). According to Duffy's townland maps, a small part of southwestern Lough Naglack lies in the northwestern part of Tullynaskeagh East.
426 Peter McGeogh is shown by Griffith's Valuation of 1861 as renting a house, offices and 2 and acres of land in Tullynaskeagh East from Evelyn P. Shirley. The "rateable annual evaluation" was £9 10 shillings for the land, and £1 5 shillings for the house and outbuildings, and the total annual evaluation of the rateable property was £10 15 shillings.
The townland of Drumhasket is in county Monaghan, on the eastern border of that county—where the border jogs to run east and west for a short distance. Drumhasket adjoins the townland of Corradoran (in Louth). Corradoran is immediately south of Drumhasket, and a little over a kilometer southwest of the townland of Killanny in the part of the parish of Killanny that lies in Louth. Drumhasket was part of the Bath estate in 1854.
419 Anthony McGough is shown to have possessed land in the townland of Drumhasket, parish of Killanny, county Monaghan, in 1824, by the Tithe Applotment Books.
420 Francis McGough is shown to have possessed land in the townland of Drumhasket, parish of Killanny, county Monaghan, in 1824, by the Tithe Applotment Books.
421 Mary McGough, a widow, is shown to have possessed land in the townland of Drumhasket, parish of Killanny, county Monaghan, in 1824, by the Tithe Applotment Books.
McGeoughs, and McGeoghs in the Civil Parish of Donaghmoyne and the Barony
Updated June 28, 2013
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